Corrections: From Research, to Policy, to Practice offers students a 21st-century look into the treatment and rehabilitative themes that drive modern-day corrections. Written by two academic scholars and former practitioners, Mary K. Stohr and Anthony Walsh, this book provides students with a comprehensive and practical understanding of corrections, as well as coverage of often-overlooked topics like ethics, comparative corrections, offender classification and assessment, treatment modalities, and specialty courts. This text expertly weaves together research, policy, and practice, enabling students to walk away with a foundational understanding of effective punishment and treatment strategies for offenders in U.S. correctional institutions.
|Edition description:||New Edition|
|Product dimensions:||8.40(w) x 10.80(h) x 0.90(d)|
About the Author
Mary K. Stohr is a Professor in the Department of Criminal Justice and Criminology at Washington State University. She received a Ph D (1990) in political science, with specializations in criminal justice and public administration, from Washington State University. Many moons ago, and before she earned her graduate degrees, she worked as a correctional officer and then as a counselor in an adult male prison in Washington State. Professor Stohr has published over 80 academic works in the areas of correctional organizations and operation, correctional personnel, inmate needs and assessment, program evaluation, gender, and victimization. Her books, with others, include The American Prison (with Cullen and Jonson); Corrections: The Essentials (with Walsh); Correctional Assessment, Casework and Counseling (with Walsh); Corrections: A Text Reader (with Walsh and Hemmens); Criminal Justice Management: Theory and Practice in Justice Centered Organizations (with Collins); and The Prison Experience (with Hemmens). She is the Executive Director of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, received the Founders Award from ACJS in 2009, and is a Co-Founder of the Corrections Section of ACJS.
Anthony Walsh is a Professor of Criminology at Boise State University. He received his Ph D from Bowling Green State University at the ripe old age of 43. He has field experience in law enforcement and corrections. He is the author of over 150 journal articles/book chapters and 34 books, including Biology and Criminology (Routledge, 2009), Feminist Criminology Through a Biosocial Lens (Carolina Academic Press, 2011), Law, Justice, and Society (with Craig Hemmens, Oxford University Press, 2011), Correctional Assessment, Casework, and Counseling (with Mary K. Stohr, American Correctional Association, 2011), The Neurobiology of Criminal Behavior: Gene-Brain-Culture Interaction (with Jon Bolen, Ashgate, 2012), Corrections: The Essentials (with Mary K. Stohr, SAGE, 2012), The Science Wars: The Politics of Gender and Race (Transaction, 2013), Criminological Theory: Assessing Philosophical Assumptions (Anderson/Elsevier, 2014), Biosociology: Bridging the Biology-Sociology Divide (Transaction, 2014), and Criminology: The Essentials (Sage, 2015). His interests include the biosocial criminology, statistics, and criminal justice assessment and counseling.
Table of Contents
PrefaceAcknowledgmentsPART I: FOUNDATIONS OF CORRECTIONSChapter 1: The Philosophical and Ideological Underpinnings of Corrections Introduction: What Is Corrections? The Foundation of Correctional Punishment The Function of Punishment The Major Punishment Justifications The Due Process and Crime Control Models • Summary • Key Terms • Discussion Questions • Useful Internet SitesChapter 2: Early Corrections: From Ancient Times to Colonial Jails and Prisons Introduction: The Evolving Practice of Corrections Themes: Truths That Underlie Correctional Practice Early Punishments in Westernized Countries EnlightenmentParadigm Shift Colonial Jails and Prisons • Summary • Key Terms • Discussion Questions • Useful Internet SitesChapter 3: Correctional History: Early Prisons to Corrections Today Introduction: The Grand Reforms Early Modern Prisons Emerging Prison Models Early Prisons and Jails Not Reformed The Renewed Promise of Reform American Corrections in the 20th and 21st Centuries Themes That Prevail in Correctional History • Summary • Key Terms • Discussion Questions • Useful Internet SitesChapter 4: Ethics and Corrections Introduction: To Do the Right Thing! Ethical Foundation for Professional Practice Why People Behave Unethically How to Prevent Unethical Behavior and Promote Ethical Work Practices War on Drugs = Attack on Ethics? • Summary • Key Terms • Discussion Questions • Useful Internet SitesPART II: THE CORRECTIONAL SYSTEMChapter 5: Sentencing: The Application of Punishment What Is Sentencing? Types of Sentences Plea Bargaining Impact Statements at Sentencing Structuring Judicial Sentencing Choices • Summary • Key Terms • Discussion Questions • Useful Internet SitesChapter 6: Jails and Detention Centers Introduction: The Community Institution Jail Inmates and Their Processing Trends in Jail Populations Medical Problems Suicides, Gangs, and Sexual Violence in Jails Innovations in Jails • Summary • Key Terms • Discussion Questions • Useful Internet SitesChapter 7: Special Problem-Solving Courts in Corrections Introduction: What Are Problem-Solving Courts? Drug Courts Mental Health Courts Veterans Courts Domestic Violence Courts Community Courts • Summary • Key Terms • Discussion Questions • Useful Internet SitesChapter 8: Community Corrections: Probation and Intermediary Sanctions The Origins of Probation Probation Today Why Do We Need Community Corrections? The Probation Officer Role Strategies to Reduce Recidivism Intermediate Sanctions • Summary • Key Terms • Discussion Questions • Useful Internet SitesChapter 9: Prisons and the Correctional Client Introduction: The State of Prisons Prison Organizations Attributes of the Prison That Shape the Experience The Prison Subculture Violence Social Support Special Populations • Summary • Key Terms • Discussion Questions • Useful Internet SitesChapter 10: Classification and Assessment of Offenders What Is Classification and Assessment? The History of Classification and Assessment Classification Today Assessment and Classification in Community Corrections The CMC and Supervision Levels • Summary • Key Terms • Discussion Questions • Useful Internet SitesChapter 11: Correctional Programming and Treatment The Rise and Fall (and Rise Again) of Rehabilitation Evidence-Based Practices Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Substance Abuse Programming Anger Management Sex Offenders and Their Treatment Mentally Ill Offenders • Summary • Key Terms • Discussion Questions • Useful Internet SitesChapter 12: Parole and Prisoner Reentry What Is Parole? Parole Boards What Goes In Must Come Out: Prisoner Reentry Into the Community Determining Parole Success Approaches to Parole Concluding Remarks on Reentry and Recidivism • Summary • Key Terms • Discussion Questions • Useful Internet SitesPART III: CORRECTIONAL ADMINISTRATIONChapter 13: Correctional Organizations and Their Management Introduction Organizational-Level Factors That Affect Correctional Operations Management Theories Elements of Effective Organizations Organizational Culture • Summary • Key Terms • Discussion Questions • Useful Internet SitesChapter 14: The Corrections Experience for Staff Introduction: What Is a Profession? The State of the Work in Correctional Institutions and Programs Why Require More Education and Training? Individual-Level Factors That Affect the Correctional Workplace Correctional Roles The Subculture and Socialization Staff Interactions With Inmates • Summary • Key Terms • Discussion Questions • Useful Internet SitesPART IV: CORRECTIONAL CLIENTSChapter 15: Women and Corrections Introduction History and Growth Women and Girls in Corrections Today Female Correctional Officers • Summary • Key Terms • Discussion Questions • Useful Internet SitesChapter 16: Minorities and Corrections Introduction Defining Race, Ethnicity, Disparity, and Discrimination A Legacy of Racism The Connection Between Class and Race/Ethnicity Minorities: Policies and Practices That Have Resulted in Increased Incarceration Minorities: Experiencing Incarceration • Summary • Key Terms • Discussion Questions • Useful Internet SitesChapter 17: Juveniles and Corrections Introduction: Delinquency and Status Offending The Extent of Delinquency The Juvenile Brain and Juvenile Behavior History and Philosophy of Juvenile Justice Processing Juvenile Offenders Juvenile Community Corrections • Summary • Key Terms • Discussion Questions • Useful Internet SitesPart V: Special Topics in CorrectionsChapter 18: Legal Issues in Corrections Introduction The Rule of Law Constitutional Rights The Civil Commitment of Sex Offenders Curtailing Prisoner Petitions Legal Issues in Probation and Parole • Summary • Key Terms • Discussion Questions • Useful Internet SitesChapter 19: The Death Penalty The Death Penalty and Public Opinion Methods of Execution Used in the United States Challenges to the Death Penalty Racial Disparity in Death Sentences Women and the Death Penalty The Death Penalty and Mental Disability and Mental Illness The Innocence Revolution • Summary • Key Terms • Discussion Questions • Useful Internet SitesChapter 20: Comparative Corrections: Punishment in Other Countries The Importance of Comparative Corrections The United Kingdom and the Common-Law System France and the Civil-Law System China and the Socialist-Law System Saudi Arabia and the Islamic-Law System • Summary • Key Terms • Discussion Questions • Useful Internet SitesChapter 21: Corrections in the 21st Century Introduction: Learning From the Past So That We Have Hope for the Future Punitive Policies Yield Overuse of Corrections Decarceration Professionalization and Innovation Privatization Concluding Thoughts • Summary • Key Terms • Discussion Questions • Useful Internet SitesChapter Pretest AnswersGlossaryReferencesIndexAbout the Authors