This book contains the lectures delivered at the XIII Canary Islands Winter School of Astrophysics, which reviewed current knowledge about the origin and evolution of the chemical elements in the Universe. Written by seven prestigious astrophysics researchers, it covers cosmological and stellar nucleosynthesis, abundance determinations in stars and ionized nebulae, chemical composition of nearby and distant galaxies, and models of chemical evolution of galaxies and intracluster medium.
Table of Contents
1. Primordial alchemy: from the Big Bang to the present Universe G. Steigman; 2. Stellar nucleosynthesis N. Langer; 3. Obervational aspects of stellar nucleosynthesis D. L. Lambert; 4. Abundance determinations in HII regions and planetary nebulae G. Stasinska; 5. Element abundances in nearby galaxies D. R. Garnett; 6. Chemical evolution of galaxies and intracluster medium F.Matteucci; 7. Element abundances through the cosmic ages M. Pettini.