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Publicly performed rituals and ceremonies form an essential part of medieval political practice and court culture. This applies not only to western feudal societies, but also to the linguistically and culturally highly diversified environment of Byzantium and the Mediterranean basin. The continuity of Roman traditions and cross-fertilization between various influences originating from Constantinople, Armenia, the Arab-Muslim World, and western kingdoms and naval powers provide the framework for a distinct sphere of ritual expression and ceremonial performance. This collective volume, placing Byzantium into a comparative perspective between East and West, examines transformative processes from Late Antiquity to the Middle Ages, succession procedures in different political contexts, phenomena of cross-cultural appropriation and exchange, and the representation of rituals in art and literature.
About the Author
Alexander D. Beihammer, Ph.D. (1999), Vienna, is Associate Professor of Byzantine history at the University of Cyprus. He has published on Byzantine diplomatics and on political and cross-cultural relations between Byzantium and the Muslim World and recently on the Seljuk Turks of Anatolia.Stavroula Constantinou, Ph.D. (2003), Free University Berlin, is Assistant Professor of Byzantine Philology at the University of Cyprus. She has published a monograph, and many articles on Byzantine hagiographical literature, including Female Corporeal Performances: Reading the Body in Byzantine Passions and Lives of Holy Women (Uppsala, 2005).Maria G. Parani, D.Phil. (2000), Oxford University, is Assistant Professor in Byzantine and Post-Byzantine Art and Archaeology at the University of Cyprus. She has published on Byzantine material culture, especially on dress as a mirror of cultural and social identity.
Table of Contents
Acknowledgments ... ixList of Maps and Illustrations ... xiList of Contributors ... xvComparative Approaches to the Ritual World of the Medieval Mediterranean ... 1 Alexander BeihammerPart One: Rituals and the Transformation of the Roman World1. Imperial Birthday Rituals in Late Antiquity ... 37 Maria Kantirea2. Phthonos: A Pagan Relic in Byzantine Imperial Acclamations? ... 51 Martin Hinterberger3. Ritualized Encounters: Late Roman Diplomacy and the Barbarians, Fifth–Sixth Century ... 67 Walter Pohl4. The Architecture of Allegiance in Early Islamic Late Antiquity: The Accession of Muʿāwiya in Jerusalem, ca. 661 CE ... 87 Andrew MarshamPart Two: Succession Procedures and their Ritual Articulations5. Describing Rituals of Succession and the Legitimation of Kingship in the West, ca. 1000–ca. 1150 ... 115 Björn Weiler6. Ritual and Reality: The Bayʿa Process in Eleventh- and Twelfth-Century Islamic Courts ... 141 Eric J. Hanne7. Comnenian Imperial Succession and the Ritual World of Niketas Choniates’s Chronike Diegesis ... 159 Alexander D. Beihammer8. Coronation Speeches in the Palaiologan Period ... 203 Antonia GiannouliPart Three: Invention, Appropriation and Transformation between East and West9. Ritual, Politics, and the City in Mamluk Cairo: The Bayna l-Qaṣrayn as a Mamluk ‘lieu de mémoire’, 1250–1382 ... 227 Jo Van Steenbergen10. Court Ceremonies and Rituals of Power in the Latin Empire of Constantinople ... 277 Stefan Burkhardt11. Featuring the King: Rituals of Coronation and Burial in the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia ... 291 Ioanna Rapti12. Adventus, Arrivistes and Rites of Rulership in Byzantium and France in the Tenth and Eleventh Century ... 337 Jonathan ShepardPart Four: Ritual Performances and their Reflections in Art and Literature13. V iolence in the Palace: Rituals of Imperial Punishment in Prokopios’s Secret History ... 375 Stavroula Constantinou14. The “Court of Amorous Dominion” and the “Gate of Love”: Rituals of Empire in a Byzantine Romance of the Thirteenth Century ... 389 Panagiotis A. Agapitos15. Parodies of Imperial Ceremonial and Their Reflections in Byzantine Art ... 417 Henry Maguire16. Look like an Angel: The Attire of Eunuchs and Its Significance within the Context of Middle Byzantine Court Ceremonial ... 433 Maria Parani17. Designing Receptions in the Palace (De Cerimoniis 2.15) ... 465 Christine Angelidi18. Tented Ceremony: Ephemeral Performances under the Komnenoi ... 487 Margaret MullettBibliography ... 515Index ... 565