Creating Outdoor Classrooms: Schoolyard Habitats and Gardens for the Southwest

Creating Outdoor Classrooms: Schoolyard Habitats and Gardens for the Southwest

by Lauri Macmillan Johnson

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780292779693
Publisher: University of Texas Press
Publication date: 01/01/2010
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
File size: 31 MB
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About the Author

LAURI MACMILLAN JOHNSON is Professor in the School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture at the University of Arizona, as well as a consulting landscape architect in Tucson and Denver.

Table of Contents

  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments
  • Introduction by Kim Duffek
    • About This Book
    • Making Outdoor Classrooms a Reality
    • The Need for Wildlife Habitat and Native Gardens
    • Bioregions of the Arid Southwest
  • Chapter 1: Schoolyards
    • The Schoolyard as an Outdoor Classroom
    • Overview of Schoolyard Environments
      • Introduction
      • History of Playground Design with Applications for Contemporary Playground Design
      • Nature and Play
      • Adult Memories of Valued Play Places
      • Implications for Design
    • Learning and the Natural Outdoor Classroom
    • Schoolyard Garden Types
      • Art Gardens
      • Cultural History Gardens
      • Ecological Gardens
      • Literacy Gardens
      • Vegetable Gardens
  • Chapter 2: Design Theory
    • Introduction
    • History of Garden Styles
      • Prehistoric "Gardens" (20,000-3300 BC)
      • Ancient Egyptian Gardens (3300-500 BC)
      • Ancient Mesopotamian (3500-538 BC), Sumerian (3500-900 BC), Assyrian (900-625 BC), and Neo-Babylonian (611-538 BC) Gardens
      • Ancient Persian Gardens (539-331 BC)
      • Ancient Greek Gardens (700-136 BC)
      • Ancient Roman Gardens (510 BC- AD 476)
      • Ancient Chinese Gardens (1600 BC- AD 1279)
      • Japanese Gardens (AD 575-1600)
      • Medieval European Gardens (AD 476-1350)
      • Islamic (Moorish) Gardens, Spain (AD 700s-1400s)
      • Italian Renaissance Gardens (AD 1350-1765)
      • French Grand-Style Gardens (AD 1495-1750)
      • English Romantic Gardens (AD 1715-1840)
      • Spanish Colonial Gardens (AD 1492-mid-1700s)
      • Colonial and Early American Gardens (AD 1630-1840)
      • American Romantic Gardens (AD 1830-1930)
      • Victorian Gardens (AD 1820-1900)
      • Classical Beaux-Arts Gardens (AD 1893-1930)
      • Modern Gardens (AD 1930-late 1970s)
      • Postmodern and Contemporary Gardens (AD mid-1970s-present)
    • Design Fundamentals
      • Design Principles
      • Design Elements
  • Chapter 3: Beginning the Design Process
    • Introduction
    • A Design Process for Planning Outdoor Classrooms, Wildlife Habitats, and Gardens
      • Identify Participants
      • Write a Design Program
    • Conclusion
  • Chapter 4: Site Research and Design Synthesis
    • Review and Evaluate Previous Steps
    • Site Research
      • Site Selection
      • Site Inventory
      • Site Analysis
    • Design Synthesis
    • Conceptual Design
      • Zones, Spaces, Design Features, and Spatial Sequencing
      • Circulation Patterns
      • Testing Design Concepts
    • Preliminary Design
    • Final Design
  • Chapter 5: Design Essentials
    • Introduction
    • Project Funding
      • Grants and Cash Donations
      • In-kind Donations
      • Organization of the Fund-raising Process
    • Design Features
      • Earthworks
      • Ponds
      • Plants
      • Shade Structures
      • Storage Areas
      • Pathways
      • Seating
      • Walls
      • Signs
    • Maintenance
      • Weeding
      • Fertilization
      • Pruning
      • Bird Feeders and Bird Baths
    • Accessibility
      • Requirements
    • Safety
    • Project Evaluation and Revision
    • Outdoor Classroom and Schoolyard Habitat Assessment Criteria
  • Chapter 6: Ecological Principles and Wildlife by Kim Duffek
    • Introduction to Wildlife Ecology
    • Elements for Survival
      • Food Resources
      • Water Availability
      • Providing Shelter
      • Space to Survive
    • Pollinator Gardens and Wild Visitors
      • Introduction
      • Hummingbird Gardens
      • Butterfly Gardens
      • Bee Gardens
      • Moth Gardens
      • Bat Gardens
      • Fly Gardens
      • Wildlife Gardens
    • Completing the Web
      • Pest Control
      • Decomposition
      • Unwanted Visitors
    • Seeds for Thought
    • Words of Inspiration
  • Appendix: Regional Plant Tables by Kim Duffek
  • References and Additional Reading

What People are Saying About This

Pat D. Taylor

"This guide is so well developed that it can serve as a primer in the education of landscape architects and other environmental professionals. The general public also can benefit from the practical and specific design steps, as well as from the comprehensive list of plant materials for arid and semi-arid climates in the United States."

Frederick Steiner

"A significant contribution to the fields of landscape architecture and environmental education. . . . This book's step-by-step explanation of the design process is excellent and has the potential to expand the book's audience beyond its schoolyard habitat and arid Southwest region."

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