In turn-of-the-century New York, the photographer and modern art impresario Alfred Stieglitz and his allies embraced a racialized aesthetic discourse in their expressions of identity in the modern era. This book examines the often-neglected role played by immigrant artists and critics in the Stieglitz circle, including Japanese-German author Sadakichi Hartmann, Mexican-born caricaturist Marius de Zayas and English Sri-Lankan curator Ananda Coomaraswamy, as well as better-known U.S.-born painters, including Arthur Dove and Georgia O’Keeffe. Creative Composites argues for a new understanding of early American modernism as a “composite modernism.” It analyzes episodes in the Stieglitz circle’s use of diverse new media – photography, caricature, film, and collage – to frame their modernist practice as part of the ongoing national dilemma of integrating difference.
About the Author
Lauren Kroiz is Assistant Professor in the department of Art History at University of Wisconsin, Madison.
Table of Contents
Introduction 1. Defining Straight Photography: Artistic Pluralism or Assimilation to Painting’s “Foreign Tongue” 2. “The Caricaturist’s Way”: Abstraction and Constructive Miscegenation 3. The Promise of Cinema: Harnessing Spirit, Nation, and Art 4. The Sense of Things: Collage, Illustration, and Regional American Culture Conclusion Notes Selected Bibliography List of Illustrations Acknowledgments