ISBN-10:
0226808343
ISBN-13:
9780226808345
Pub. Date:
11/28/1990
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
Creative Understanding: Philosophical Reflections on Physics

Creative Understanding: Philosophical Reflections on Physics

by Roberto TorrettiRoberto Torretti

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Overview

"A pleasure to read. Gracefully written by a scholar well grounded in the relevant philosophical, historical, and technical background. . . . a helpfully clarifying review and analysis of some issues of importance to recent philosophy of science and a source of some illuminating insights."—Burke Townsend, Philosophy of Science

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780226808345
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Publication date: 11/28/1990
Series: Crime and Justice: A Review of Research Ser.
Edition description: 1
Pages: 385
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.00(d)

About the Author


Roberto Torretti is professor of philosophy at the University of Puerto Rico and editor of the journal Dialogos. Among his several books is Relativity and Geometry.

Table of Contents



Preface
Acknowledgments

1 Observation

1.1 Two main forms of observation
1.2 Conceptual grasp of the objects of observation
1.3 On the manifest qualities of things
1.4 Our understanding of the process of observation
1.5 Personal versus impersonal observation
1.6 On the relation between observed objects and receiver states

2 Concepts

2.1 Explaining and conceiving
2.2 Examples from Newton
2.3 Questions raised by conceptual innovation
2.4 Are there limits to conceptual innovation in science?
2.4.1 Self-classifying sense impressions
2.4.2 Kant's forms and categories
2.4.3 Carnap's observable predicates
2.5 Conceptual criticism as a catalyzer of scientific change
2.6 Reference without sense
2.6.1 Denoting and connoting
2.6.2 Putnam's attack on intensions
2.6.3 The meaning of natural kind terms
2.6.4 Speaking of quantities
2.6.5 'Mass' in classical and relativistic dynamics
2.6.6 Putnam's progress
2.7 Conceptual schemes
2.8 Appendix: Mathematical structures
2.8.1 Sets
2.8.2 Mappings
2.8.3 Echelon sets over a collection of sets
2.8.4 Structures
2.8.5 Isomorphism
2.8.6 Alternative typifications
2.8.7 Axiomatic set theory
2.8.8 Categories

3 Theories

3.1 The theory of free fall in Galileo's Discorsi
3.2 Mathematical constructs for natural philosophy
3.3 A structuralist view of physical theories
3.4 T-theoretical terms
3.5 To spell the phenomena
3.6 Approximation and idealization
3.7 On relations between theories
3.8 Intertheoretic reduction
3.9 Recapitulation and preview

4 Probability

4.1 Probability and the probable
4.2 Probability spaces
4.3 Chance setups
4.4 Probability as a limiting frequency
4.5 Probability as prevision
4.6 Probability as a physical propensity
4.7 Ideal chances

5 Necessity

5.1 Forms of necessity
5.2 Geometry
5.3 Mathematical physics
5.4 Cause and law

Notes
References
Index

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