Criminal Investigation: The Art and the Science / Edition 7

Criminal Investigation: The Art and the Science / Edition 7

by Michael D. Lyman
ISBN-10:
0133008517
ISBN-13:
2900133008516
Pub. Date:
01/16/2013
Publisher:
Pearson

Paperback

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Overview

Criminal Investigation: The Art and the Science / Edition 7

The third edition of Criminal Investigation: The Art and the Science has undergone considerable revision. Designed as a college textbook for use in lower-division college courses, the book is structured to provide the student with a realistic and straightforward look at today's most modern techniques in criminal investigation. Supplemented with a comprehensive test bank and instructor's manual for ease-of use in the college classroom, the new third edition also includes:

  • Updated material on all criminal investigation techniques
  • A dedicated glossary of physical evidence outlining all procedures for collection and preservation of evidence in criminal cases
  • Expanded sections on stalking, child abuse, computer crime, and domestic violence investigations
  • Updated crime statistics from the October, 2000 Uniform Crime Reports
  • Specially designed "Case In Point" sections offering valuable and timely case studies in criminal investigation
  • Helpful "A Closer Look" boxes that showcase real-life circumstances to illustrate points in the book
  • Expanded glossary
  • Up-to-date U.S. Supreme Court decisions
  • A new, condensed 21-chapter format
  • Helpful Instructor's Manual with Test Item File

Product Details

ISBN-13: 2900133008516
Publisher: Pearson
Publication date: 01/16/2013
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 672
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 1.25(h) x 9.00(d)

About the Author

Michael D. Lyman is Professor of Criminal Justice at Columbia College of Missouri, located in Columbia, MO. In addition to being a teaching faculty member, he serves as the program Coordinator for the Master of Science of Criminal Justice Program and the founder of the college’s Bachelor of Science in Forensic Science Program. Before entering the field of college teaching, he was employed as a criminal investigator for state police organizations in Kansas and Oklahoma and has taught literally thousands of law enforcement officers in the proper police techniques and methods of professional criminal investigation. Dr. Lyman has authored numerous textbooks in criminal justice dealing with the areas of criminal investigation, policing, organized crime, drug enforcement, and drug trafficking. He received both his bachelor’s and master’s degrees from Wichita State University and his Ph.D. from the University of Missouri–Columbia. He has been called upon on an estimated 300 occasions by law enforcement and the legal communities to review criminal investigations and render the results of his evaluations and his opinions in federal court proceedings nationwide. Textbooks such as this are an ongoing work in progress, and the author welcomes communication and correspondence about his work. Dr. Lyman can be contacted at Columbia

College, 1001 Rogers Street, Columbia, MO 65216 or at mlyman@cougarsccis.edu. Thank you for using this textbook.

Read an Excerpt

Preface

Criminal investigation represents a timeless and dynamic field of scientific study. This book, now in its third edition, was written with the perception that crime detection is a field that relies heavily on the past experiences of investigators as well as recent practical and technological innovations. The investigator's success in crime detection can be influenced by several external variables. For example, increased pressures by public-interest groups and courts of law have caused police supervisors to place greater emphasis on case management and officer accountability. In addition, because of increased social problems associated with drug abuse, criminal violence, and related gang activity, the public spotlight has focused more than ever before on methods of crime detection and successful prosecution of lawbreakers. Finally, because of the rising incidence of mass and serial murders in the last decade, more people are realizing the importance of a thoroughly investigated case and the reasons behind the occurrence of such crimes.

This book is intended to meet the needs of students and others interested in criminal justice by presenting information in a logical flow, paralleling the steps and considerations observed in an actual criminal investigation. Additionally, it is designed to fulfill an ongoing need for a book that explains clearly and thoughtfully the fundamentals of criminal investigation as practiced by police officers on the job.

The book is written with several observations in mind. First, as its title indicates, it is designed to blend scientific theories of crime detection with a practical approach to criminal investigation. It hasbeen drafted on the assumption that sound criminal investigations depend on an understanding of the science of crime detection procedures and the art of anticipating human behavior. There is yet another critical observation made in the book: It recognizes that both the uniformed officer and the criminal investigator play important roles in the field of criminal investigation. The duties of each are outlined throughout the book while recognizing that there is a fundamental need for both to work in tandem throughout many aspects of the criminal investigation process.

Finally, one underlying theme of the book is that as with all police endeavors, criminal investigation is a law enforcement responsibility that must be conducted within the framework of the U.S. Constitution and the practices of a democratic society. Consequently, court decisions and case studies have been quoted extensively for clarification of issues and general reader information. In summary, I am hopeful that this book will prove to be an engaging textbook that is descriptive of the duties of modern-day crime detection and police professionalism. For more efficient use, this book has been designed to follow closely standard curriculum format. Accordingly, each chapter ends with key terms, discussion questions, and a class project to aid in the instructional process.

Michael D. Lyman

Table of Contents

Prefacexvii
Acknowledgmentsxix
About the Authorxxi
Part 1Fundamentals of Criminal Investigation
Chapter 1Criminal Investigation: An Overview1
Chapter 2The Preliminary Investigation21
Part 2The Investigative Process
Chapter 3Documenting the Crime Scene38
Chapter 4Search and Seizure67
Chapter 5Identification of Criminal Suspects108
Chapter 6The Criminal Intelligence Function146
Chapter 7Making an Arrest161
Chapter 8Interviews and Interrogations179
Chapter 9Development and Management of Informants209
Part 3Interpersonal Violence
Chapter 10Wrongful Death223
Chapter 11Robbery255
Chapter 12Assault and Related Offenses272
Chapter 13Sex Offenses292
Chapter 14Child Abuse and Neglect316
Part 4Property Crimes
Chapter 15Burglary341
Chapter 16Larceny-Theft356
Chapter 17Motor Vehicle Theft373
Chapter 18Arson and Bombings396
Part 5Vice Crimes and Related Offenses
Chapter 19Drug Offenses428
Chapter 20White-Collar Crime466
Part 6Prosecution
Chapter 21Preparation for Court498
Appendix APhysical Evidence513
Appendix BCases531
Appendix CGlossary535
Index551

Preface

Criminal investigation represents a timeless and dynamic field of scientific study. This book, now in its third edition, was written with the perception that crime detection is a field that relies heavily on the past experiences of investigators as well as recent practical and technological innovations. The investigator's success in crime detection can be influenced by several external variables. For example, increased pressures by public-interest groups and courts of law have caused police supervisors to place greater emphasis on case management and officer accountability. In addition, because of increased social problems associated with drug abuse, criminal violence, and related gang activity, the public spotlight has focused more than ever before on methods of crime detection and successful prosecution of lawbreakers. Finally, because of the rising incidence of mass and serial murders in the last decade, more people are realizing the importance of a thoroughly investigated case and the reasons behind the occurrence of such crimes.

This book is intended to meet the needs of students and others interested in criminal justice by presenting information in a logical flow, paralleling the steps and considerations observed in an actual criminal investigation. Additionally, it is designed to fulfill an ongoing need for a book that explains clearly and thoughtfully the fundamentals of criminal investigation as practiced by police officers on the job.

The book is written with several observations in mind. First, as its title indicates, it is designed to blend scientific theories of crime detection with a practical approach to criminal investigation. It has been draftedon the assumption that sound criminal investigations depend on an understanding of the science of crime detection procedures and the art of anticipating human behavior. There is yet another critical observation made in the book: It recognizes that both the uniformed officer and the criminal investigator play important roles in the field of criminal investigation. The duties of each are outlined throughout the book while recognizing that there is a fundamental need for both to work in tandem throughout many aspects of the criminal investigation process.

Finally, one underlying theme of the book is that as with all police endeavors, criminal investigation is a law enforcement responsibility that must be conducted within the framework of the U.S. Constitution and the practices of a democratic society. Consequently, court decisions and case studies have been quoted extensively for clarification of issues and general reader information. In summary, I am hopeful that this book will prove to be an engaging textbook that is descriptive of the duties of modern-day crime detection and police professionalism. For more efficient use, this book has been designed to follow closely standard curriculum format. Accordingly, each chapter ends with key terms, discussion questions, and a class project to aid in the instructional process.

Michael D. Lyman

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