Criminal Justice Ethics: Theory and Practice provides an overview of the expected standards of behavior and ethical issues that confront those in the various fields of criminal justice. This book takes a sociological approach to criminal justice ethics by emphasizing the social and historical aspects of ethical inquiry. Author Cyndi Banks presents a unique discussion of ethical issues by exploring moral dilemmas faced by professionals in the criminal justice system before examining the major theoretical foundations of ethics. This distinct organization of Criminal Justice Ethics allows readers to understand real-life ethical issues before grappling with philosophical approaches to the resolution of those issues.
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About the Author
Cyndi Banks is Associate Vice President of Student Success at Capilano University in Canada. She spent 16 years as a professor of criminology and criminal justice and Dean of University College at Northern Arizona University. She has more than 24 years’ experience of research and project implementation in developing countries in the fields of juvenile justice, probation, justice policy, and child rights. She has worked as a criminologist in Papua New Guinea, Bangladesh, Iraq, Kurdistan, Timor Leste, Sudan, and Myanmar. She is the author of numerous articles and books, including Criminal Justice Ethics; Youth, Crime and Justice; Developing Cultural Criminology: Theory and Practice in Papua New Guinea; Alaska Native Juveniles in Detention; Comparative, International, and Global Justice: Perspectives From Criminology and Criminal Justice; and most recently, Prisons in the United States.
Table of Contents
PART ONE - THE INTERACTION BETWEEN ETHICS AND THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEMChapter 1 - The Importance of Ethics in Criminal Justice The Value of Ethics Normative Ethics Ethical Relativism Ethical Absolutism Ethical Pluralism Religion and Ethical Standards Ethics and Natural Law Ethics and Law Ethical Dilemmas Ethical Issues in Criminal Justice Summary Discussion QuestionsChapter 2 - Ethics and the Police Ethics and Policing Police as an Institution Police Culture Police Discretion Ethics and Codes of Ethics Police Use of Force 'Dirty Harry/ Dirty Hands' Police Corruption Whistleblowing Discrimination as Corruption Ethical Issues in Investigation, Interrogation and Custody Explanations for Police Corruption Summary Discussion QuestionsChapter 3 - Racial Discrimination in the Criminal Justice System Ethical Background Historical Context Is There Racial Discrimination in the Criminal Justice System? Imprisonment Disparities Death Penalty Disparities Hate Crimes Explanations for Racial Discrimination in the Criminal Justice System Summary Discussion QuestionsChapter 4 - Lawyers and Ethics Legal Ethics - Historical Context The Nature of Professional Ethics Defense Lawyers The Prosecutor Judicial Ethics Summary Discussion QuestionsChapter 5 - The Purpose of Criminal Punishment What is Punishment? Theoretical Approaches to Punishment Why Punish? - The Philosophical Approach Why Punish? - The Sociological Approach Summary Discussion QuestionsChapter 6 - Ethics in Corrections The Prison Explosion Maximum Security Conditions Women's Incarceration Medium Security Minimum Security Stateville Prison: The Changing State of Corrections Guarding Ethically The Experience of Guarding Power and Authority in Prison - Controlling the Inmates Guarding with Discretion The Gray Wall of Silence - Prison Guard Subculture Use of Force Prisoner 'Power' Unethical Situations Whistleblowing in Corrections Ethical Considerations in Probation and Parole Summary Discussion QuestionsChapter 7 - The Ethics of Criminal Justice Policy-Making The Ethics of Criminal Justice Policy-Making The Ethics of Policy Making Morality Policy Public Opinion about Punishment Mandatory Minimum Sentencing 'War on Drugs' Truth in Sentencing Predators and Superpredators Capitol Punishment Private Prisons Summary Discussion QuestionsPART TWO - THE APPLICATION OF ETHICAL THEORIES TO THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEMChapter 8 - Duty and Principle Hypothetical and Categorical Imperatives The Principle of Universality Respect for Persons Kingdom of Ends Conflicts of Duties between Rules Applying Deontological Theory: A Case Study Summary Discussion QuestionsChapter 9 - Considering the Consequences Pleasure and Happiness Act Consequentialism Rule Consequentialists Public Policy and Utilitarianism Arguments Criticizing Utilitarianism Applying Utilitarian Theory: A Case Study Summary Discussion QuestionsChapter 10 - The Importance of Character Virtues Aristotle and Happiness The Golden Mean Practical Wisdom What's Wrong with Virtue Applying Virtue Theory: A Case Study Summary Discussion QuestionsChapter 11 - Egoism, Pleasure, and Indifference Stoicism Hedonism Ethical Egoism Applying Ethical Egoist Theory: A Case Study Summary Discussion QuestionsChapter 12 - A Sense of Justice Application of the Principles Justice as Fairness Moral Development Applying Rawlsian Theory Summary Discussion Questions