ISBN-10:
0761925880
ISBN-13:
9780761925880
Pub. Date:
03/01/2004
Publisher:
SAGE Publications
Criminal Justice Ethics: Theory and Practice / Edition 1

Criminal Justice Ethics: Theory and Practice / Edition 1

by Cyndi L. Banks

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780761925880
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Publication date: 03/01/2004
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 320
Product dimensions: 7.00(w) x 10.00(h) x (d)

About the Author

Cyndi Banks is Associate Vice President of Student Success at Capilano University in Canada. She spent 16 years as a professor of criminology and criminal justice and Dean of University College at Northern Arizona University. She has more than 24 years’ experience of research and project implementation in developing countries in the fields of juvenile justice, probation, justice policy, and child rights. She has worked as a criminologist in Papua New Guinea, Bangladesh, Iraq, Kurdistan, Timor Leste, Sudan, and Myanmar. She is the author of numerous articles and books, including Criminal Justice Ethics; Youth, Crime and Justice; Developing Cultural Criminology: Theory and Practice in Papua New Guinea; Alaska Native Juveniles in Detention; Comparative, International, and Global Justice: Perspectives From Criminology and Criminal Justice; and most recently, Prisons in the United States.

Table of Contents

PART ONE - THE INTERACTION BETWEEN ETHICS AND THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM
Chapter 1 - The Importance of Ethics in Criminal Justice
The Value of Ethics
Normative Ethics
Ethical Relativism
Ethical Absolutism
Ethical Pluralism
Religion and Ethical Standards
Ethics and Natural Law
Ethics and Law
Ethical Dilemmas
Ethical Issues in Criminal Justice
Summary
Discussion Questions
Chapter 2 - Ethics and the Police
Ethics and Policing
Police as an Institution
Police Culture
Police Discretion
Ethics and Codes of Ethics
Police Use of Force
'Dirty Harry/ Dirty Hands'
Police Corruption
Whistleblowing
Discrimination as Corruption
Ethical Issues in Investigation, Interrogation and Custody
Explanations for Police Corruption
Summary
Discussion Questions
Chapter 3 - Racial Discrimination in the Criminal Justice System
Ethical Background
Historical Context
Is There Racial Discrimination in the Criminal Justice System?
Imprisonment Disparities
Death Penalty Disparities
Hate Crimes
Explanations for Racial Discrimination in the Criminal Justice System
Summary
Discussion Questions
Chapter 4 - Lawyers and Ethics
Legal Ethics - Historical Context
The Nature of Professional Ethics
Defense Lawyers
The Prosecutor
Judicial Ethics
Summary
Discussion Questions
Chapter 5 - The Purpose of Criminal Punishment
What is Punishment?
Theoretical Approaches to Punishment
Why Punish? - The Philosophical Approach
Why Punish? - The Sociological Approach
Summary
Discussion Questions
Chapter 6 - Ethics in Corrections
The Prison Explosion
Maximum Security Conditions
Women's Incarceration
Medium Security
Minimum Security
Stateville Prison: The Changing State of Corrections
Guarding Ethically
The Experience of Guarding
Power and Authority in Prison - Controlling the Inmates
Guarding with Discretion
The Gray Wall of Silence - Prison Guard Subculture
Use of Force
Prisoner 'Power'
Unethical Situations
Whistleblowing in Corrections
Ethical Considerations in Probation and Parole
Summary
Discussion Questions
Chapter 7 - The Ethics of Criminal Justice Policy-Making
The Ethics of Criminal Justice Policy-Making
The Ethics of Policy Making
Morality Policy
Public Opinion about Punishment
Mandatory Minimum Sentencing
'War on Drugs'
Truth in Sentencing
Predators and Superpredators
Capitol Punishment
Private Prisons
Summary
Discussion Questions
PART TWO - THE APPLICATION OF ETHICAL THEORIES TO THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM
Chapter 8 - Duty and Principle
Hypothetical and Categorical Imperatives
The Principle of Universality
Respect for Persons
Kingdom of Ends
Conflicts of Duties between Rules
Applying Deontological Theory: A Case Study
Summary
Discussion Questions
Chapter 9 - Considering the Consequences
Pleasure and Happiness
Act Consequentialism
Rule Consequentialists
Public Policy and Utilitarianism
Arguments Criticizing Utilitarianism
Applying Utilitarian Theory: A Case Study
Summary
Discussion Questions
Chapter 10 - The Importance of Character
Virtues
Aristotle and Happiness
The Golden Mean
Practical Wisdom
What's Wrong with Virtue
Applying Virtue Theory: A Case Study
Summary
Discussion Questions
Chapter 11 - Egoism, Pleasure, and Indifference
Stoicism
Hedonism
Ethical Egoism
Applying Ethical Egoist Theory: A Case Study
Summary
Discussion Questions
Chapter 12 - A Sense of Justice
Application of the Principles
Justice as Fairness
Moral Development
Applying Rawlsian Theory
Summary
Discussion Questions

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