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Cengage Learning
Criminal Justice in America / Edition 2

Criminal Justice in America / Edition 2


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780534546663
Publisher: Cengage Learning
Publication date: 08/28/1998
Series: Criminal Justice Ser.
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 406
Product dimensions: 8.66(w) x 11.02(h) x (d)

About the Author

The late George F. Cole was Professor Emeritus of Political Science at the University of Connecticut. He was recognized for outstanding teaching and research and in 1995 was named a Fellow of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences. A specialist in the administration of criminal justice, he published extensively on such topics as prosecution, courts, and corrections. He developed and directed the graduate corrections program at the University of Connecticut and was a Fellow at the National Institute of Justice (1988). Among his other accomplishments, he was granted two awards under the Fulbright-Hays Program to conduct criminal justice research in England and the former Yugoslavia.

Christopher E. Smith is Professor of Criminal Justice at Michigan State University (MSU). He earned degrees at Harvard University, the University of Bristol (England), the University of Tennessee, and the University of Connecticut. Trained as a lawyer and social scientist, he is the author of 25 books and more than 120 scholarly articles on law, courts, and criminal justice policy. He has been recognized as an outstanding teacher with MSU's "Teacher-Scholar Award" and "Social Science Alumni Association Outstanding Teaching Award." His other books with Cengage Learning include CRIMINAL JUSTICE IN AMERICA, 9th Edition, LAW AND CONTEMPORARY CORRECTIONS, CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS: MYTHS AND REALITIES, and CRIMINAL PROCEDURE.

Christina DeJong is Associate Professor of Criminal Justice at Michigan State University. She earned her Ph.D. in Criminal Justice and Criminology at the University of Maryland and her B.A. in Sociology from the University of Texas at Austin. Her scholarly research on genocide, recidivism, domestic violence, police-community interactions, and other topics has been published in such journals as Criminology, Justice Quarterly, Feminist Criminology, and The Journal of Family Violence. Her current research focuses on gender and sexuality issues in criminology and criminal justice, as well as violence against women in conflict and genocide. A member of the Michigan State University faculty since 1994, she has taught courses on research methods, statistical analysis, genocide, and women and criminal justice. She is also a co-author of Cengage Learning's CRIMINAL JUSTICE IN AMERICA, 9th Edition.

Table of Contents

Part 1Crime and the Criminal Justice System
Chapter 1The Criminal Justice System1
The Goals of Criminal Justice2
Criminal Justice in a Federal System4
Criminal Justice as a Social System7
Characteristics of the Criminal Justice System8
Operations of Criminal Justice Agencies9
The Flow of Decision Making in the Criminal Justice System12
Crime and Justice in a Multicultural Society22
Questions for Review27
Key Terms27
For Further Reading27
Going Online28
Checkpoint Answers28
Chapter 2Crime and Justice in America29
Defining Crime30
Types of Crime30
How Much Crime Is There?36
Crime Victimization40
Causes of Crime45
Questions for Review54
Key Terms54
For Further Reading54
Going Online55
Checkpoint Answers55
Chapter 3Criminal Justice and the Rule of Law56
Foundations of Criminal Law57
Substantive Criminal Law58
Procedural Criminal Law66
Constitutional Rights and Criminal Justice Professionals76
Questions for Review77
Key Terms and Cases78
For Further Reading78
Going Online78
Checkpoint Answers78
Part 2Police
Chapter 4Police80
The Development of Police in the United States81
Law Enforcement Agencies87
Police Functions91
Police Policy93
Police Actions95
Police and the Community99
Questions for Review102
Key Terms102
For Further Reading102
Going Online102
Checkpoint Answers102
Chapter 5Police Officers and Law Enforcement Operations104
Who Are the Police?105
The Police Subculture108
Organization of the Police112
Police Response and Action114
Delivery of Police Services117
Questions for Review124
Key Terms124
For Further Reading125
Going Online125
Checkpoint Answers125
Chapter 6Police and Constitutional Law126
Legal Limitations on Police Investigations127
Plain View Doctrine130
Warrantless Searches132
Questioning Suspects138
The Exclusionary Rule141
Questions for Review144
Key Terms and Cases144
For Further Reading144
Going Online145
Checkpoint Answers145
Chapter 7Policing: Issues and Trends146
Issues in Patrolling147
Policing and New Technology153
Police Abuse of Power155
Civic Accountability159
Security Management and Private Policing161
Questions for Review166
Key Terms and Cases166
For Further Reading166
Going Online167
Checkpoint Answers167
Part 3Courts
Chapter 8Courts and Adjudication170
The Structure of American Courts171
To Be a Judge173
The Prosecutorial System178
The Defense Attorney: Image and Reality184
The Courtroom: How It Functions191
Questions for Review193
Key Terms193
For Further Reading194
Going Online194
Checkpoint Answers194
Chapter 9Pretrial Procedures, Plea Bargaining, and the Criminal Trial195
From Arrest to Trial or Plea196
Bail: Pretrial Release198
Pretrial Detention202
Plea Bargaining204
Trial: The Exceptional Case209
Questions for Review219
Key Terms and Cases219
For Further Reading219
Going Online219
Checkpoint Answers220
Chapter 10Punishment and Sentencing221
The Goals of Punishment222
Forms of the Criminal Sanction226
The Sentencing Process236
Questions for Review244
Key Terms and Cases245
For Further Reading245
Going Online245
Checkpoint Answers245
Part 4Corrections
Chapter 11Corrections248
Development of Corrections249
Organization of Corrections in the United States256
The Law of Corrections262
Correctional Policy Trends266
Questions for Review273
Key Terms and Cases273
For Further Reading274
Going Online274
Checkpoint Answers274
Chapter 12Community Corrections: Probation and Intermediate Sanctions276
Community Corrections: Assumptions277
Probation: Correction without Incarceration277
Intermediate Sanctions in the Community281
The Future of Community Corrections290
Questions for Review290
Key Terms291
For Further Reading291
Going Online291
Checkpoint Answers291
Chapter 13Incarceration and Prison Society292
The Modern Prison: Legacy of the Past293
Goals of Incarceration293
Prison Organization294
Governing a Society of Captives296
Correctional Officers: The Linchpin of Management298
Who Is in Prison?300
The Convict World304
Women in Prison307
Prison Programs311
Violence in Prison314
Questions for Review318
Key Terms318
For Further Reading318
Going Online319
Checkpoint Answers319
Chapter 14Reentry into the Community320
Prisoner Reentry321
Release and Supervision322
Release Mechanisms323
Parole Supervision in the Community326
The Future of Prisoner Reentry333
Questions for Review334
Key Terms334
For Further Reading334
Going Online334
Checkpoint Answers334
Part 5The Juvenile Justice System
Chapter 15Juvenile Justice338
Youth Crime in the United States339
The Development of Juvenile Justice340
The Juvenile Justice System346
The Juvenile Justice Process347
Problems and Perspectives356
Questions for Review358
Key Terms and Cases358
For Further Reading358
Going Online359
Checkpoint Answers359
AppendixConstitution of the United States: Criminal Justice Amendments361
Name Index381
Subject Index385
Photo Credits397

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