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Taylor & Francis
Criminal Justice Theory: Explaining the Nature and Behavior of Criminal Justice / Edition 2

Criminal Justice Theory: Explaining the Nature and Behavior of Criminal Justice / Edition 2

by Edward R. Maguire, David E. Duffee


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Criminal Justice Theory: Explaining the Nature and Behavior of Criminal Justice / Edition 2

Criminal Justice Theory is the first comprehensive volume on the theoretical foundations of criminal justice. The authors argue that theory in criminal justice is currently underdeveloped and inconsistently applied, especially in comparison to the role of theory in the study of crime itself. In the diverse range of essays included here, the authors and contributors integrate examples from the study of criminal justice systems, judicial decision-making, courtroom communities, and correctional systems, building the argument that students of criminal justice must not evaluate their discipline solely on the basis of the effectiveness of specific measures in reducing the crime rate. Rather, if they hope to improve the system, they must acquire a systematic knowledge of the causes behind the structures, policies, and practices of criminal justice.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780415715195
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 03/03/2015
Series: Criminology and Justice Studies Series
Edition description: Revised
Pages: 504
Sales rank: 974,827
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.01(d)

About the Author

Edward R. Maguire is Professor of Justice, Law & Criminology in the School of Public Affairs at American University in Washington, DC. Professor Maguire received his Ph.D. in Criminal Justice from the University at Albany in 1997. He has held previous positions at George Mason University, the University of Nebraska, the U.S. Department of Justice, and the United Nations. From 2004-2010, he led a series of studies that examined gangs, guns and violence in Trinidad and Tobago. From 2006-2010, he led a field study of sex trafficking in minors in the Philippines. He is currently leading impact evaluations and other studies related to policing, gangs, firearms, violence, and youth risk in El Salvador, Uruguay, the U.S., and several Caribbean nations. He has written or edited three books and more than sixty journal articles and book chapters on a variety of topics in criminology and criminal justice.

David E. Duffee is Professor Emeritus of Criminal Justice, University at Albany, and former dean of the School of Criminal Justice, from which he received his Ph.D. in 1973. His research interests are in planned change in criminal justice agencies and communities and in criminal justice theory. His first work in criminal justice theory, Explaining Criminal Justice, received the book of the year award from the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences. His two most recent projects were (1) as a member of the research team of Service Outcomes Action Research (SOAR), a continuing partnership between two child welfare agencies and the University at Albany, and (2) as study director for the Assessment Protocol in the Arizona State University sites of Criminal Justice Drug Abuse Treatment Studies II.

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations     ix
List of Tables     xi
Preface     xiii
Acknowledgments     xix
Criminal Justice, Criminology, and Criminal Justice Theory   David E. Duffee   Edward Allan     1
The Nature, Method, and Boundaries of Criminal Justice Theory
Foundations of Criminal Justice Theory   Jeffrey B. Snipes   Edward R. Maguire     27
Durkheim's Comparative Method and Criminal Justice Theory   Gregory J. Howard   Joshua D. Freilich     51
Neglect of Justice in Criminal Justice Theory: Causes, Consequences, and Alternatives   Thomas C. Castellano   Jon B. Gould     71
Theories of Policing
Explaining Police Organizations   Edward R. Maguire   Craig D. Uchida     93
Understanding Variety in Urban Community Policing: An Institutional Theory Approach   Brian C. Renauer     121
Individual and Community Level Theories of the Courts
Assessing Blameworthiness and Assigning Punishment: Theoretical Perspectives on Judicial Decision Making   Paula M. Kautt   Cassia C. Spohn     155
Courts and Communities: Toward a Theoretical Synthesis   Alissa Pollitz Worden     181
Testing Correctional Sector Theories: Two Examples
A Test of a Turnover Intent Model:The Issue of Correctional Staff Satisfaction and Commitment   Eric G. Lambert     223
Examining Correctional Resources: A Cross-Sectional Study of the States   Edmund F. McGarrell   David E. Duffee     257
Directions for Theory and Theorizing in Criminal Justice   David E. Duffee   Alissa Pollitz Worden   Edward R. Maguire     291
References     321
About the Contributors     357
Author Index     363
Subject Index     373

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