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Cengage Learning
Criminal Procedure / Edition 9

Criminal Procedure / Edition 9

by Joel Samaha
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  • Product Details

    ISBN-13: 2901285457870
    Publisher: Cengage Learning
    Publication date: 01/01/2014
    Edition description: Older Edition
    Pages: 704
    Product dimensions: 8.20(w) x 10.00(h) x 1.20(d)

    About the Author

    Joel Samaha is University Distinguished Teaching Professor of Sociology at the University of Minnesota, where he teaches Criminal Law and Criminal Procedure. He received his B.A. (History), J.D., and Ph.D. (History) from Northwestern University and studied under Sir Geoffrey Elton at Cambridge University, England. Professor Samaha was admitted to the Illinois Bar, briefly practiced law in Chicago, and then taught at UCLA. In 1971, he joined the University of Minnesota, where he served as Chair of the Department of Criminal Justice Studies for four years, taught television and radio courses in criminal justice, co-taught a National Endowment for the Humanities seminar in legal and constitutional history, was named College of Liberal Arts Distinguished Teacher in 1974, and named University Distinguished Teaching Professor in 2007. Professor Samaha's works have appeared in Historical Journal, American Journal of Legal History, Minnesota Law Review, William Mitchell Law Review, and Journal of Social History.

    Table of Contents

    Preface     xiii
    Crime Control in a Constitutional Democracy     2
    Balancing Values in Criminal Procedure     5
    Community Security and Individual Autonomy     5
    Ends and Means     7
    The History of Balancing Values     8
    Balancing Values in Emergencies     9
    Equality     9
    Discretion     10
    The Objective Basis Requirement     10
    "Good" Evidence and "Bad" Methods     11
    The Text-Case Method     11
    The Parts of Case Excerpts     12
    Precedent and Stare Decisis     14
    Appellate Cases     15
    Briefing the Cases     16
    Criminal Procedure and the Constitution     20
    The U.S. Constitution and the Courts     23
    State Constitutions and State Courts     24
    Due Process of Law     25
    The Meaning of Due Process     25
    Hurtado and Charging by Information     26
    The "Scottsboro Boys" and Due Process of Law     27
    Brown v. Mississippi and Coerced Confessions     28
    The Fundamental Fairness Doctrine     30
    The Incorporation Doctrine     31
    Case: Rochin v. California     33
    Equal Protection of the Law     36
    Case: U.S. v. Armstrong     37
    The Definition of Searches and Seizures     46
    The History and the Purposes of the Fourth Amendment     49
    Searches     51
    The Privacy Doctrine     51
    Case: Katz v. U.S.     53
    Electronic Surveillance     59
    Case: U.S. v. White     59
    Case: Kyllo v. U.S.     62
    The Plain View Doctrine     65
    Case: Illinois v. Caballes     66
    The Open Fields Doctrine     68
    Abandoned Property     68
    Seizures     69
    Empirical Findings     71
    Fleeing Suspects     72
    Case: California v. Hodari D.     72
    Stop and Frisk     80
    Stop-and-Frisk Law     84
    Two Approaches to Fourth Amendment Analyses     84
    Terry v. Ohio and Stop and Frisk     87
    Case: Terry v. Ohio     88
    Stop and Frisk after Terry     93
    Case: Adams v. Williams     94
    Stops and the Fourth Amendment     97
    Reasonable Suspicion to Back Up Stops     98
    Case: U.S. v. Cortex     99
    Case: Florida v. J. L.      102
    Case: Illinois v. Wardlow     106
    Case: U.S. v. Brignoni-Ponce     111
    Case: U.S. v. Sokolow     115
    The Scope of Reasonable Stops     118
    Case: U.S. v. Sharpe and Savage     119
    Case: People v. Courtney     122
    Frisks and the Fourth Amendment     123
    Case: U.S. v. McCargo     124
    Reasonable Suspicion to Back Up Frisks     127
    The Scope of Reasonable Frisks     128
    Case: Minnesota v. Dickerson     129
    Special Situation Stops and Frisks     131
    Removing Passengers from Stopped Vehicles     131
    Case: Maryland v. Wilson     132
    Detentions at International Borders     135
    Case: U.S. v. Montoya de Hernandez     135
    Checkpoints and Roadblocks     139
    Case: Michigan v. Sitz     139
    Seizure of Persons: Arrest     148
    The Definition of Arrest     150
    A Reasonable Arrest     151
    Probable Cause     152
    Direct Information     152
    Hearsay     153
    Case: Draper v. U.S.     154
    The Manner of Arrest     158
    The Warrant Requirement     158
    Case: U.S. v. Watson     159
    Case: Payton v. New York     162
    Arrest by Force     169
    Case: Tennessee v. Garner     170
    Case: Graham v. Connor     173
    Case: Kuha v. City of Minnetonka     176
    After Arrest     178
    Case: Atwater v. City of Lago Vista     179
    Searches for Evidence     188
    Searches with Warrants     191
    The Particularity Requirement     191
    The Probable Cause Affidavit     192
    The "Knock-and-Announce" Rule     192
    Case: Wilson v. Arkansas     192
    Case: U.S. v. Banks     196
    Searches without Warrants     199
    Searches Incident to (at the Time of) Arrest     200
    Case: Chimel v. California     201
    Case: New York v. Belton     203
    Case: Knowles v. Iowa     209
    Case: Whren v. U.S.     211
    Consent Searches     214
    Case: Schneckloth v. Bustamonte     216
    Case: U.S. v. Rodney     222
    Case: U.S. v. Gray     225
    Case: Illinois v. Rodriguez     226
    Vehicle Searches     231
    Case: Wyoming v. Houghton     233
    Emergency Searches      236
    Special-Needs Searches     242
    Inventory Searches     245
    Balancing Interests     245
    Objective Basis     245
    Case: Colorado v. Bertine     246
    International Border Searches     248
    Airport Searches     249
    Custody-Related Searches     249
    Prisoners     250
    Strip and Body-Cavity Searches     251
    Case: Mary Beth G. v. City of Chicago     251
    Testing and Storing DNA     253
    Probationers and Parolees     254
    Case: Samson v. California     255
    Employee Drug Searches     259
    Student Searches     261
    Drug Testing of High-School Students     261
    Case: Board of Education of Independent School District No. 92 of Pottawatomie County v. Earls     262
    Searches of College Students     265
    Case: Commonwealth v. Neilson     265
    Self-Incrimination     272
    The Nature and the Role of Confessions     274
    The Self-incrimination Setting     275
    The Importance of Confessions and Interrogation     276
    False Confessions and Videotaping Interrogations     277
    The Constitution and Self-Incrimination      279
    The Due Process Approach     280
    The Right-to-Counsel Approach     282
    The Self-Incrimination Approach     283
    Case: Schmerber v. California     284
    Miranda v. Arizona     286
    Case: Miranda v. Arizona     286
    The Miranda "Bright-Line" Rules     289
    The Meaning of "Custody"     291
    Case: Berkemer, Sheriff of Franklin County, v. McCarty     292
    The Public Safety Exception     293
    The Meaning of "Interrogation"     294
    Case: Brewer v. Williams     296
    The Waiver of the Right to Remain Silent     300
    Case: Moran, Superintendent, Rhode Island Department of Corrections, v. Burbine     302
    Voluntary Self-Incrimination     304
    Case: Colorado v. Connelly     306
    Identification Procedures     316
    Mistaken Eyewitness Identification     318
    Memory and Mistaken Identification of Strangers     319
    The Power of Suggestion     320
    Identification Procedures     321
    Lineups     321
    Show-Ups     323
    "Mug Shot" (Photo) Identification     324
    The Constitution and Identification Procedures     324
    Reliability Is the Linchpin     325
    "Very Substantial Likelihood of Misidentification"     325
    Case: Manson v. Brathwaite     325
    DNA Profile Identification     330
    The Reliability of DNA Testing     331
    Legal Standards for Admitting DNA Profile Evidence     331
    Remedies for Constitutional Violations I: The Exclusionary Rule and Entrapment     338
    The Exclusionary Rule     341
    History     341
    Case: Mapp v. Ohio     343
    Justifications     345
    Scope     347
    Persons Seized Illegally     350
    The Reasonable, Good-Faith Exception     350
    Case: U.S. v. Leon     350
    "Bad Methods" by Non-Law Enforcement Government Officials     354
    Case: Arizona v. Evans     355
    Social Costs and Deterrence     359
    The Defense of Entrapment     361
    The Subjective Test     363
    Case: Jacobson v. U.S.     364
    The Objective Test     368
    Constitutional Violations II: Other Remedies Against Official Misconduct     372
    Criminal Actions     374
    Civil Actions     374
    Suing U.S. Officers and the U.S. Government     375
    Case: Anderson v. Creighton     376
    Suing State Officers     379
    Suing State and Local Governments     380
    Law Enforcement Failure to Protect     381
    Case: Finder v. Johnson     382
    Suing Judges and Prosecutors     386
    Hurdles to Suing Officers and Governments     389
    Administrative Remedies     389
    Internal Review     390
    External Review     392
    Court Proceedings I: Before Trial     400
    The Decision to Charge     402
    Probable Cause to Detain Suspects     404
    Case: County of Riverside v. McLaughlin     405
    The First Appearance     408
    Bail and Pretrial Detention     409
    Bail and the Constitution     410
    Preventive Detention     411
    Case: U.S. v. Salerno     412
    Conditions of Pretrial Confinement     414
    Case: Bell v. Wolfish     414
    The Right to Counsel     417
    Case: Gideon v. Wainwright     419
    When the Right to Counsel Attaches     420
    The Meaning of "All Criminal Prosecutions"     421
    The Standard of Indigence     423
    The Right to "Effective" Counsel      424
    Testing the Government's Case     425
    The Preliminary Hearing     427
    Grand Jury Review     428
    Arraignment     430
    Pretrial Motions     431
    Double Jeopardy     431
    A Speedy Trial     434
    A Change of Venue     435
    The Suppression of Evidence     437
    Court Proceedings II: Trial and Conviction     444
    Trial by Jury     446
    The Moral Seriousness Standard     447
    The 12-Member Jury Requirement     447
    Case: Ballew v. Georgia     448
    Jury Selection     450
    Case: Lockhart v. McCree     451
    The Right to a Public Trial     453
    The Stages and Rules of Jury Trials     454
    Opening Statements     455
    Presenting Evidence     455
    Closing Arguments     457
    Jury Instructions     459
    Jury Deliberations     459
    The "Unanimous Verdict" Requirement     459
    Jury Nullification     460
    Conviction by Guilty Plea     461
    The Debate over Conviction by Guilty Plea     461
    The Constitution and Guilty Pleas     462
    Case: North Carolina v. Alford      463
    After Conviction     468
    Sentencing     471
    The History of Sentencing     471
    The Division of Sentencing Authority     473
    Sentencing Guidelines and Mandatory Minimum Sentences     473
    The Constitution and Sentencing     477
    Case: Ewing v. California     478
    Case: Blakely v. Washington     484
    Appeals     488
    Habeas Corpus (Collateral Attack)     490
    Criminal Procedure in Crisis Times     498
    The History of Criminal Procedure in Wartime     500
    Surveillance and Terrorism     502
    "Real Time" Electronic Surveillance     503
    Surveiliing Stored Electronic Communications     504
    Secret "Caller ID"     504
    Controversial Government Surveillance     505
    "Sneak and Peek" Searches     507
    Detaining Terrorist Suspects     508
    The Sources Authorizing Terrorist Suspect Detention     509
    Conditions of Detention     512
    Torture during Detention     512
    Trials of Suspected Terrorists     513
    The Sources of Military Commission Authority     514
    The Jurisdiction of Military Commissions     514
    Trial Proceedings of Military Commissions     515
    Case: Hamdan v. Rumsfeld     515
    Selected Amendments of the Constitution of the United States     527
    Glossary     529
    Bibliography     541
    Case Index     549
    Index     555

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