Criminological Theory: A Text/Reader / Edition 2 available in Paperback
Criminological Theory: A Text/Reader provides the best of both worlds—substantial but brief authored sections on all of the major course topics, followed by carefully edited, policy-oriented, original research articles covering criminological theory from past to present and beyond. The 39 articles reflect both classic studies and state-of-the-art research. Pedagogical tools include the helpful "How to Read a Research Article" before the first reading, article introductions, photographs, and discussion questions that capture student interest and help them develop their critical thinking skills.
- Presents a succinct overview of criminological theory in the book’s Introduction, which also briefly describes the organization and content of the book
- Includes a “How to Read a Research Article” guide tied to the first reading in the book, a perfect introduction to understanding how real-world research is organized and delivered in the journal literature
- Offers a "mini-chapter” introduction for each Section with figures, tables, and photos that present and illustrate basic concepts while providing a background for the readings that follow
- Includes three to six well-edited readings in each Section that highlight the policy implications of the research, vividly responding to the “So what?” question of how criminological theories apply in the real world
- Provides key terms, Web resources, and thought-provoking discussion questions for each reading and each Section to help students master the content and sharpen their critical thinking skills
|Edition description:||Second Edition|
|Product dimensions:||7.37(w) x 9.12(h) x (d)|
About the Author
Stephen G. Tibbetts, currently a Professor at California State University, San Bernardino, has been pursuing an understanding of criminal offending for over the past two decades. He has attempted to discover the extent to which individuals’ inherent dispositions and attitudinal traits contribute to their offending decisions, especially in relation to other factors, such as demographic, developmental, and situational factors. Dr. Tibbetts’ research has included work on the differences between men and women in their decisions to commit deviant behavior, as well as their perceptions of risk and consequences of getting caught. His additional research interests include the effects of perinatal disorders as an influence in future criminality, the etiology of white-collar crime, and gang intervention. Dr. Tibbetts has published nine books and more than 50 scholarly papers examining various issues in criminology. He received the 2011 Outstanding Professor Award at CSU, San Bernardino. He previously worked extensively as an Officer of the Court in providing recommendations for dispositions of numerous juvenile court cases from 1997 to 2008.
Craig Hemmens is a Professor in the Department of Criminal Justice and Criminology and Criminal Justice at Washington State University. He holds a JD from North Carolina Central University School of Law and a Ph D in Criminal Justice from Sam Houston State University. Professor Hemmens has published 20 books and more than 200 articles, many dealing with legal issues in criminal justice. He currently serves as Editor of the Criminal Law Bulletin, and previously served as the editor of the Journal of Criminal Justice Education and as President of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences. His current research interests include criminal law and procedure.
Table of Contents
ForewordPrefaceSECTION I. Introduction to the Book: An Overview of Issues in Criminological Theory What Is Criminology, and How Does It Differ from Other Examinations of Crime? What Is Theory? What Is Crime? How Are Criminological Theories Classified? The Major Theoretical Paradigms Characteristics of Good Theories Measures of Crime Rates of Crime Policy Implications Conclusion SECTION SUMMARY KEY TERMS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS WEB RESOURCES READING 1. The Use and Usefulness of Criminology, 1751–2005: Enlightened Justice and Its FailuresSECTION II. Preclassical and Classical Theories of Crime Preclassical Perspectives of Crime and Punishment The Age of Enlightenment The Classical School of Criminology The Neoclassical School of Criminology Loss of Dominance of Classical and Neoclassical Theory Policy Implications Conclusion SECTION SUMMARY KEY TERMS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS WEB RESOURCES READING 2. On Crimes and Punishments READING 3. Media Consumption and Support for Capital PunishmentSECTION III. Modern Applications of the Classical Perspective: Deterrence, Rational Choice, and Routine Activities or Lifestyle Theories of Crime The Rebirth of Deterrence Theory and Contemporary Research Rational Choice Theory Routine Activities Theory Policy Implications Conclusion SECTION SUMMARY KEY TERMS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS WEB RESOURCES READING 4. The Effects of Focused Deterrence Strategies on Crime: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Empirical Evidence READING 5. Specifying the Direct and Indirect Effects of Low Self-Control and Situational Factors in Offenders’ Decision Making: Toward a More Complete Model of Rational Offending READING 6. Crime and Public Transportation: A Case Study of Ottawa’s O-Train SystemSECTION IV. Early Positive School Perspectives of Criminality Lombroso’s Theory of Atavism and Born Criminals The IQ Testing Era Body Type Theory: Sheldon’s Model of Somatotyping Policy Implications Conclusion SECTION SUMMARY KEY TERMS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS WEB RESOURCES READING 7. The Criminal Man (L’uomo delinquente) READING 8. IQ and Delinquency: The Differential Detection Hypothesis RevisitedSECTION V. Modern Biosocial Perspectives of Criminal Behavior Nature versus Nurture: Studies Examining the Influence of Genetics and Environment Cytogenetic Studies: The XYY Factor Hormones and Neurotransmitters: Chemicals That Determine Criminal Behavior Brain Injuries Central and Autonomic Nervous System Activity Biosocial Approaches to Explaining Criminal Behavior Policy Implications Conclusion SECTION SUMMARY KEY TERMS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS WEB RESOURCES READING 9. A Theory Explaining Biological Correlates of Criminality READING 10. Criminal Behavior: The Need for an Integrative Approach That Incorporates Biological Influences READING 11. A Life-Course Analysis of the Criminogenic Effects of Maternal Cigarette Smoking duringSECTION VI. Early Social Structure and Strain Theories of Crime Early Theories of Social Structure: Early to Mid-1800s Strain Theories Policy Implications Conclusion SECTION SUMMARY KEY TERMS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS WEB RESOURCES READING 12. Social Structure and Anomie READING 13. Anomic Strain and External Constraints: A Reassessment of Merton’s Anomie/Strain Theory Using Data from Ukraine READING 14. Gender and General Strain Theory: A Comparison of Strains, Mediating, and Moderating Effects Explaining Three Types of DelinquencySECTION VII. The Chicago School and Cultural and Subcultural Theories of Crime The Ecological School and the Chicago School of Criminology Cultural and Subcultural Theories of Crime Policy Implications Conclusion SECTION SUMMARY KEY TERMS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS WEB RESOURCES READING 15. Delinquency Rates and Community Characteristics READING 16. Social Disorganization and Homicide in Recife, Brazil READING 17. Peaceful Warriors: Codes for Violence among Adult Male Bar FightersSECTION VIII. Social Process and Learning Theories of Crime Learning Theories Control Theories Policy Implications Conclusion SECTION SUMMARY KEY TERMS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS WEB RESOURCES READING 18. A Sociological Theory of Criminal Behavior READING 19. A Social Learning Theory of Crime READING 20. Do Women and Men Differ in Their Neutralizations of Corporate Crime? READING 21. Peers and Delinquency among Girls and Boys: Are Sex Differences in Delinquency Explained by Peer Factors?SECTION IX. Social Reaction and Critical Models of Crime Labeling and Social Reaction Theory Marxist Theories of Crime Conflict Theories of Crime Policy Implications Conclusion SECTION SUMMARY KEY TERMS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS WEB RESOURCES READING 22. Informal Reactions and Delinquency READING 23. Neighborhood Variation in Police Stops and Searches: A Test of Consensus and Conflict PerspectivesSECTION X. Feminist Models of Crime Feminist Theories of Crime Key Terms in the Feminist Perspective Key Issues in Research on Gender Differences in Offending Types of Feminism Critiques of Feminist Theories Policy Implications Conclusion SECTION SUMMARY KEY TERMS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS WEB RESOURCES READING 24. Patriarchy, Crime, and Justice: Feminist Criminology in an Era of Backlash READING 25. The Intersectional Alternative: Explaining Female CriminalitySECTION XI. Life-Course Perspectives of Criminality Developmental Theories Policy Implications Conclusion SECTION SUMMARY KEY TERMS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS WEB RESOURCES READING 26. Criminal Career Paradigm: Background, Recent Developments, and the Way Forward READING 27. Serious, Violent Young Offenders in South Africa: Are They Life-Course Persistent Offenders? READING 28. Unintended Consequences: Policy Implications of the NAS Report on Criminal Careers and Career CriminalsSECTION XII. Integrated Theoretical Models and New Perspectives of Crime Integrated Theories Policy Implications Conclusion SECTION SUMMARY KEY TERMS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS WEB RESOURCES READING 29. An Integrated Theoretical Perspective on Delinquent Behavior READING 30. The Effectiveness of Reintegrative Shaming and Restorative Justice Conferences: Focusing on Juvenile Offenders’ Perceptions in Australian Reintegrative Shaming Experiments READING 31. Toward an Interactional Theory of DelinquencyGlossaryIndexAbout the Authors