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Prentice Hall
Criminology Today: An Integrative Introduction / Edition 4

Criminology Today: An Integrative Introduction / Edition 4

by Frank Schmalleger


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780131702103
Publisher: Prentice Hall
Publication date: 02/25/2005
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 558
Product dimensions: 8.30(w) x 11.00(h) x 1.10(d)

About the Author

Frank Schmalleger, Ph.D., is Distinguished Professor Emeritus at the University of North Carolina at Pembroke. He chaired the university’s department of sociology, social work, and criminal justice for almost 20 years – while specializing in research in crime and delinquency. He has taught dozens of courses at both the graduate and undergraduate level in both on-ground and on-line environments. Schmalleger is the author of many books and journal articles, including the standard-setting Criminal Justice Today, 14/e (Pearson); Criminal Justice: A Brief Introduction, 12/e (Pearson); Criminology Today, 8/e (Pearson); Criminology, 3/e (Pearson); Criminal Law Today, 6/e (Pearson); Corrections in the Twenty-First Century, 6/e (McGraw-Hill; with John Smykla); Courts and Criminal Justice in America (Pearson; with Larry Siegel and John Worrall); Juvenile Delinquency, 10/e (Pearson; with Clem Bartollas); and Policing, 2/e (Pearson; with John Worrall). Schmalleger has worked with U.S. military personnel -- primarily members of the Army’s CID, MP’s, Air Force SP’s and members of Air Force OSI from the late 1970s to the early 1990s helping officers make successful transition to civilian life. Schmalleger’s philosophy of both teaching and writing can be summed up in these words: “In order to communicate knowledge we must first catch, then hold, a person’s interest—be it student, colleague, or policymaker. Our writing, our speaking, and our teaching must be relevant to the problems facing people today, and they must in some way help solve those problems.

Table of Contents

About the Authorxxix
Instructions to Students Using Criminology Today's World Wide Web Featuresxxx
Part IThe Crime Picture
Chapter 1What Is Criminology?3
Chapter 2Patterns of Crime33
Chapter 3Research Methods and Theory Development81
Part IICrime Causation
Chapter 4Classical and Neoclassical Thought109
Chapter 5Biological Roots of Criminal Behavior137
Chapter 6Psychological and Psychiatric Foundations of Criminal Behavior169
Chapter 7Sociological Theories I: Social Structure201
Chapter 8Sociological Theories II: Social Process and Social Development227
Chapter 9Sociological Theories III: Social Conflict259
Part IIICrime in the Modern World
Chapter 10Crimes Against Persons287
Chapter 11Crimes Against Property329
Chapter 12White-Collar and Organized Crime357
Chapter 13Drug Abuse and Crime387
Chapter 14Technology and Crime417
Part IVResponding to Criminal Behavior
Chapter 15Criminology and Social Policy449
Chapter 16Future Directions477
Subject Index507
Name Index520


The field of criminology is far deeper, and much broader intellectually, than the 600-or-so pages of information that any printed textbook can fit between its covers. Moreover, the field is changing daily, as new theories of causation are proposed; as novel forms of crime take their place alongside traditional ones; and as policymakers strive o embrace ever more effective crime control techniques in legislative debates, social programs, and innovative media campaigns.

Echoing these sentiments, it's been said that an introductory textbook like this one must be a mile long, but it can only be an inch thick. In other words, any introduction to criminology must cover the history of the field and the important theorists and theories of the past and present. It must also provide a solid overview of the crime picture in contemporary society, and it must offer some insight into the crime control policies of yesterday and today. Most such books are also expected to include a description of different types of crime, along with an explanation of the complex social and individual nexus that leads to crime. As an author of a number of books in the field of crime and justice, I can attest to the fact that this is a tall order. Because of its physical limits, an introductory text cannot spend too much time describing any one perspective, theory, law, or offense.

Thankfully, in writing the third edition of Criminology Today I no longer found myself bound by the traditional limits of print media. This new edition, for the first time, makes extensive use of educational technologies that were only in their infancy when the first edition of this book appeared. Even though the first editionwas accompanied by a Web site (the first criminology text to have reached such a milestone, I am told), and the second edition built that site into a comprehensive and interactive learning tool, it is with this new edition that the true possibilities of the Internet have been fully embraced. Sprinkled throughout the pages of this book you will find icons pointing to new learning possibilities. Among them are

  • Web Quests!, which challenge you to work your way through comprehensive Web-based chapter projects. Web Quests! make studying enjoyable and open the door to a wealth of electronic information.
  • Web Extras!, which take you to sites that are closely related to the materials you are reading about. Web Extras! provide a "virtual criminology" tour of the Internet, with visits to sites too numerous to mention in this brief preface.
  • Audio Extras!, which allow you to listen to the author introduce each chapter of your text.
  • Library Extras!, which provide a list of readily accessible Web-based reading assignments that round out chapter materials.

All are new to this edition, and each has been closely integrated with the text to provide a wealth of freely available materials that add substantial value to the learning experience. Web Quests!, Web Extras!, Audio Extras!, and Library Extras! finally allow me, as an author, to offer you a textbook that is far more than the proverbial "inch-thick" book would be.

Other special features of Criminology Today make this book substantially different from all the other available texts which deal with the same subject matter. The following list highlights what I see as the important differences:

  • Criminology Today makes use of the latest-available instructional technologies and offers students the opportunity to learn from the Internet, from videos, and from print media.
  • Criminology Today emphasizes the wide and interdisciplinary variety of academic perspectives that contribute to a thorough and well-informed understanding of the crime problem—hence the book's subtitle, An Integrative Introduction.
  • Criminology Today is up-to-date. It addresses the latest social issues and discusses innovative criminological perspectives within a well-grounded and traditional theoretical framework.
  • Criminology Today is socially relevant. It contrasts contemporary issues of crime and social order with existing and proposed crime control policies.
  • Criminology Today is interesting and easy to read. Written for today's student, it makes use of attention-getting stories, news briefs, images, and charts and graphs to capture student attention.
  • Criminology Today is policy oriented. Unlike many existing texts, it stresses the consequences of criminological thought for social policy and describes the practical issues associated with understanding and controlling crime. Social policies focusing on prevention, treatment, rehabilitation, and victim restoration are all discussed.
  • Criminology Today is thematic. It builds upon the divergence between the social problems viewpoint and the social responsibility perspective. In so doing, it highlights the central issue facing criminologists today: whether crime should be addressed as a matter of individual responsibility and accountability or treated as a symptom of a dysfunctional society.
  • Criminology Today provides instructors and students with a wealth of resources for studying crime and society's response to it, including an award-winning World Wide Web site , an annotated instructor's edition, a video library, full-color transparencies, an excellent student study guide, and other supplements.

The thematic approach of Criminology Today is dualistic. On the one hand, it presents a social problems framework, which holds that crime may be a manifestation of underlying cultural issues like poverty, discrimination, and the break-down of traditional social institutions. It contrasts the social problems approach with a social responsibility perspective which claims that individuals are fundamentally responsible for their own behavior and which maintains that they choose crime over other, more law-abiding, courses of action. The thematic contrast is an important one, for it provides student with a useful framework for integrating the voluminous material contained within the field of criminology. Contrasting the two perspectives, as this book does, provides fertile ground for a dialectical process whereby students can better understand the central issues defining contemporary criminology and come to their own conclusions about the value criminological theorizing.

As an author, I have tried to ensure that today's students will find Criminology Today relevant, interesting, informative, and useful. It is my fondest hope that this boo and its Internet extensions will assist students in drawing their own conclusions about the American crime problem that it will help prepare them for the future, and that it will allow them to make informed decisions about public crime control policy.

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