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Overview

As the distinction between domestic and international is increasingly blurred along with the line between internal and external borders, migrants—particularly people of color—have become emblematic of the hybrid threat both to national security and sovereignty and to safety and order inside the state. From building walls and fences, overcrowding detention facilities, and beefing up border policing and border controls, a new narrative has arrived that has migrants assume the risk for government-sponsored degradation, misery, and death. Crimmigrant Nations examines the parallel rise of anti-immigrant sentiment and right-wing populism in both the United States and Europe to offer an unprecedented look at this issue on an international level.

Beginning with the fears and concerns of immigration that predate the election of Trump, the Brexit vote, and the signing and implementation of the Schengen Agreement, Crimmigrant Nations critically analyzes nationalist state policies in countries that have criminalized migrants and categorized them as threats to national security. Highlighting a pressing and perplexing problem facing the Western world in 2020 and beyond, this collection of essays illustrates not only how anti-immigrant sentiments and nationalist discourse are on the rise in various Western liberal democracies, but also how these sentiments are being translated into punitive and cruel policies and practices that contribute to a merger of crime control and migration control with devastating effects for those falling under its reach. Mapping out how these measures are taken, the rationale behind these policies, and who is subjected to exclusion as a result of these measures, Crimmigrant Nations looks beyond the level of the local or the national to the relational dynamics between different actors on different levels and among different institutions.



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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780823287482
Publisher: Fordham University Press
Publication date: 03/03/2020
Pages: 416
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x (d)

About the Author

Robert Koulish (Edited By)
Robert Koulish is a political scientist at the University of Maryland, Director of the MLAW Programs in the BSOS College at UMD, Joel J. Feller Research Professor in the Department of Government and Politics, and Lecturer at Law in the UMD Carey School of Law. He is the author or co-author of Immigration and American Democracy: Subverting the Rule of Law and Immigration Detention, Risk and Human Rights.

Maartje van der Woude (Edited By)
Maartje van der Woude is Professor of Law & Society at Leiden Law School in the Netherlands. She is also affiliated with the Department of Criminology and Sociology of Law at the University of Oslo and the Center for the International Comparative Study of Criminology at the University of Montreal.

Table of Contents

Introduction: The “Problem” of Migration
Robert Koulish and Maartje van der Woude | 1

I. Border Criminologies

1 Insecurity Syndrome: The Challenges of Trump’s Carceral State
Tony Platt | 33

2 Migration, Populism, Racism: Between “Old” Italy and “New” Europe
Dario Melossi | 50

3 The Promise of the Border: Immigration Control and Belonging in Contemporary Britain
Ana Aliverti | 68

II. Crimmigration Under Trump

4 The Terrorism of Everyday Crime
Juliet P. Stumpf | 89

5 The Trumping of Neoliberal Penality? Trump’s Presidency and the Rise of Nationalist Authoritarianism in the United States
Sappho Xenakis and Leonidas K. Cheliotis | 116

6 Trump v. Hawaii: Trumpeting Authoritarianism with Formalist
Analysis and Sovereign Norms
Robert Koulish | 134

7 A Path toward Nowhere: The Rise of Enforcement- Based
Immigration Policy
Doris Marie Provine | 157

8 Trump Doesn’t Tweet Dog Whistles, He Barks with the
Dogs: Crimmigration as a Racial Project through the Lens of Trump’s Twitter
Rashawn Ray and Simone Durham | 179

9 Mirrors of Justice? Undocumented Immigrants in Courts in the United States and Russia
Agnieszka Kubal and Alejandro Olayo- Méndez | 198

III. Shoring Up Fortress Europe

10
Euroskepticism, Nationalism, and the Securitization of Migration in the Netherlands
Maartje van der Woude | 227

11 Sorting Out Welfare: Crimmigration Practices and Abnormal
Justice in Norway
Helene O. I. Gundhus | 249

12 The Fight against Terrorism in Belgium: Crimmigration Law as a Counterterrorism Instrument?
Lana De Pelecijn and Steven De Ridder | 279

13 How Does Crimmigration Unfold in Poland?: Between
Securitization Introduced to Polish Migration Policy by Its
Europeanization and Polish Xenophobia
Witold Klaus | 298

14 Migration Control, Populism, and the Spectrum of
Exclusion in Turkey
Zeynep Kasli and Zeynep Yanasmayan | 315

List of Contributors | 337

Index | 341

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