Critical Mass: How One Thing Leads to Another. Philip Ball

Critical Mass: How One Thing Leads to Another. Philip Ball

by Philip Ball

Paperback

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780099457862
Publisher: Arrow Books, Limited
Publication date: 03/28/2005
Pages: 644
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 1.25(h) x 9.00(d)

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Critical Mass: How One Thing Leads to Another. Philip Ball 4 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 3 reviews.
pgmcc on LibraryThing 8 months ago
This book asks whether there are underlying natural laws that govern the endeavours of humans in the same way that natural laws govern processes in nature, such as the growth of snow crystals, phase shifts between liquid and gas, and the way in which metal changes from being magnetised to non-magnetised when heated. To help him address this question Ball introduces tools commonly used in the physical sciences to analyse and simulate natural processes.In the initial chapters the author describes the history of social science, economics and statistics. He tells how tools of the state, statistics, were adopted in the physical sciences. Then ball looks at processes in human society such as the formation of traffic jams, the pattern of movement in a crowd trying to escape a burning building, the growth pattern of cities, Internet morphology and what it owes to The Cold War years. In all these areas he demonstrates common traits that can be used to analyse and understand the processes in operation.Ball describes the application of these tools in the natural sciences and then reports on how they have been used in the analysis of human behaviour and such things as the movement of share prices in the stock market.It is Ball¿s contention that there are fundamental patterns that describe many behaviours and trends in human endeavour, from the voting patterns in elections, through the distribution of wealth in nations, to the boom and bust nature of the world¿s economies, and that understanding of these fundamentals will improve decision making and planning.He also reports on simulations carried out to assess the effectiveness and otherwise of different forms of government, i.e. dictatorship, democracy, etc¿ This is most enlightening and interesting.While he claims these tools can help us describe process behaviour and help us, he warns against the idea that they can necessarily be used to predict behaviour.The above paragraphs do scant justice to this book. It is the first non-fiction book I have read in a long time that I was loath to put down. It is vast in scope and presents information at a level that the majority of readers will find accessible. This is a thought provoking book that I will be returning to time and again.
stefano on LibraryThing 8 months ago
a very well written introduction to a few important ideas from physics that have been used to model and explain facts in the social sciences. I liked the author's pedagogical insistence on certain themes. for example, I had never understood that phase transitions can be seen as the signature of processes where a lot of items almost simultaneously interact with their neighbors and so transitively with one another. similarly for power law distributions. the second part of the book (the internet and its patterns of connectivity) veers into territory that is very extensively covered by a large number of very good recent books and so I found it somehow less interesting/informative.
nlavery on LibraryThing 8 months ago
Very interesting overview of the application of scientific methods used in explaining physical phenomena to also explain mass animal and human behaviour. Historical background is thorough, but was a bit surprised that the original greek philosophers were not included in background, such as Plato, who I believe already had already discussed political science.