Praise for Critical Thinking in Clinical Practice,Third Edition
"Eileen Gambrill is unparalleled in her ability to describecommon flaws and biases in clinical decision making. The result inthis revised edition is a steadfast call for change that alsoacknowledges the demands of practice. A must-read for cliniciansand researchers alike."—Elizabeth K. Anthony, PhD, Assistant Professor,School of Social Work, Arizona State University
"This Third Edition builds upon the impressive strengthsof Gambrill's prior treatments of the topic to support the notionthat critical thinking is a teachable skill and oneessential for contemporary practice in the human services. Thisbook should be the default authority on the topic of criticalthinking for human service professionals and would be an excellenttextbook."—Bruce A. Thyer, PhD, LCSW, Professor and former Dean,Florida State University College of Social Work
"I was skeptical about how Critical Thinking in ClinicalPractice could be improved, but Eileen Gambrill has succeeded!Her articulation of critical thinking skills for clinical decisionsultimately will benefit the people we serve."—Joanne Yaffe, PhD, ACSW, Associate Professor ofSocial Work and Adjunct Associate Professor of Psychiatry,University of Utah
A balanced and illustrative guide to incorporatingcritical-thinking values, knowledge, and skills into clinicaleducation and practice
Now in a third edition, Critical Thinking in ClinicalPractice is written for helping professionals who want to thinkmore clearly about the decisions they make and the context in whichthey make them. It is a practical volume for clinicians who wouldlike to expand their knowledge of common pitfalls and fallacies inclinical reasoning.
As in earlier editions, this Third Edition draws onresearch related to problem solving and decision making,illustrating the relevance of research findings to everydayclinical practice and policy.
Revised throughout, the new edition includes discussion of:
- The influence of pharmaceutical companies on the helpingprofessions, including disease mongering—the creation ofbogus risks, problems, and needless worries
- Different kinds of propaganda in the helping professions thatcompromise informed consent
- Additional coverage of classification, pathology, reliance onauthority, and hazards in data collection
- The development of decision aids of value to both professionalsand clients
- The relative contribution of specific interventions compared tononspecific factors to positive outcome
- Factors related to decision making in multidisciplinaryteams
- New developments regarding intuitive and analyticreasoning
- The pragmatic theory of fallacies
Designed to enhance the quality of services offered to clients,Critical Thinking in Clinical Practice, Third Edition isfilled with insightful examples, useful lists, websites, andguidelines, presenting an essential resource for all helpingprofessionals and students in the helping professions.
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About the Author
Eileen Gambrill is the Hutto Patterson Professor of Child and Family Studies at the School of Social Welfare, University of California, Berkeley, where she teaches both research and practice. Her research and writing cover professional decision making, evidence-informed practice, the role of critical thinking, propaganda in the helping professions and its harmful effects, and the ethics of helping. She presents nationally and internationally on the topics of critical thinking, evidence-informed practice, and the ethics of helping.
Table of Contents
Part I: Lay of the Land
1 The Need for Critical Thinking in Clinical Practice 3
2 Sources of Influence on Clinical Decisions 29
3 R easons and Reasoning: The Heart of Making Decisions 57
4 Different Views of Knowledge and How to Get It: Exploring YourPersonal Epistemology 87
Part II: Common Sources of Error
5 The Influence of Language and Persuasion Strategies 131
6 Formal and Informal Fallacies: Mistakes in Thinking and How toAvoid Them 155
7 Classification, Authority, and Focusing on Pathology 181
Part III: Decision Aids
8 Content and Procedural Knowledge 209
9 Taking Advantage of Research on Judgment, Problem Solving, andDecision Making 239
10 Evidence-Based Practice: A Philosophy and Process for MakingInformed Decisions 275
11 Posing Questions and Searching for Answers 297
12 Critical Appraisal of Practice- and Policy-Related Research:The Need for Skepticism 335
Part IV: Applying Critical Thinking Skills to ClinicalDecisions 13 Making Decisions About Data Collection 377
14 Discovering Causes of Clients’ Problems: Common Biases409
15 Making Predictions: Improving the Odds 453
16 Enhancing the Quality of Case Conferences, Team Meetings, andOrganizational Culture 481
Part V: The Future
17 Overcoming Personal Obstacles to Critical Thinking 509
18 Maintaining Critical Thinking Skills 533
About the Author 623
Author Index 625
Subject Index 641
What People are Saying About This
"Eileen Gambrill is unparalleled in her ability to describe common flaws and biases in clinical decision-making. The result in this revised edition is a steadfast call for change that also acknowledges the demands of practice. A must-read for clinicians and researchers alike."
—Elizabeth K. Anthony, PhD, Assistant Professor, School of Social Work, Arizona State University
"This third edition builds upon the impressive strengths of Gambrill's prior treatments of the topic to support the notion that critical thinking is a teachable skill, and one essential for contemporary practice in the human services. This book should be the default authority on the topic of critical thinking for human service professionals, and would be an excellent textbook."
—Bruce A. Thyer, Ph.D., LCSW, Professor and former Dean, College of Social Work, Florida State University
"I was skeptical about how Critical Thinking in Clinical Practice could be improved, but Eileen Gambrill has succeeded! Her articulation of critical thinking skills for clinical decisions ultimately will benefit the people whom we serve."
—Joanne Yaffe, PhD, ACSW, Associate Professor of Social Work, Adjunct Associate Professor of Psychiatry, College of Social Work, University of Utah
"A remarkable book and an invaluable resource for students, practitioners, teachers, and researchers. It is the best available resource for teaching practitioners across all disciplines how to think scientifically about their subject matter. If Critical Thinking in Clinical Practice were required reading in all social work, psychology, and counseling graduate programs, these fields – and the state of mental health care – would be in far better scientific shape."
—Scott O. Lilienfeld, Ph.D., Department of Psychology, Emory University