Published to critical acclaim in 1959 and long out of print, Crusader Without Violence was the first biography of the dynamic leader who emerged from the 1955–56 Montgomery Bus Boycott as the spokesman of the twentieth century American civil rights movement. NewSouth's 60th Anniversary Edition, with a new introduction containing new biographical details about its author, returns to general circulation a valuable, rare, and engaging account of Martin Luther King Jr. before he became an American phenomenon.
The author, L. D. Reddick, had known the young King in Atlanta. They became reacquainted when Reddick moved to Montgomery in 1956, where King pastored the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church. Reddick became a congregant and King's friend and was active with him during the bus protest. He was thus able to report firsthand and at length on King within the setting of the young minister's early career and family life.
Paradox and contrast marked King from the first. Born and schooled in a relatively comfortable segment of Atlanta's black community, he decided to take the part of the underdog. With a PhD from Boston University and a likely career in teaching or a Northern ministry, he chose instead to return to a Southern community. Short, soft-spoken and scholarly, he was thrown into a situation that required stature, tough-mindedness, and ability to move the masses.
How he emerged into an unsought role of mentor, strategist, spokesman and leader of a movement that took a major stride toward freedom is the story Reddick tells in Crusader Without Violence. The book peers intimately into the lives of African Americans in the South at that critical juncturea few years after the Brown decision but before the sit-ins, freedom rides, and voting rights demonstrations resulted in sweeping change in the 1960s.
Reddick himself was noteworthy, a distinguished historian who would soon fall victim to Alabama's rigidly segregationist state government. Derryn Moten, the champion of this new edition, provides an introduction that puts Reddick's biography of King into context, updates Reddick's life after he was forced to leave his teaching position in Montgomery, and explains why Crusader Without Violencenotwithstanding the hundreds of books published on King's life since this oneremains a significant historical document.
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About the Author
Derryn E. Moten is a professor of history and chair of the history and political science department at Alabama State University, formerly, Alabama State College, and formerly, the department of history that Dr. L. D. Reddick chaired from 1995 until 1960. Moten received his doctorate at the University of Iowa in American Studies. His 1997 Iowa dissertation "A Gruesome Warning to Black Girls: The August 16, 1912 execution of Virginia Christian” provides the inspiration for Forsaken, a novel by Ross Howell, Jr. Prior to his studies in Iowa City, Moten earned a graduate degree in Library Science from Catholic University of America and worked as a law librarian for a boutique tax firm in Washington, DC. He is a local co-president for the American Federation of Teachers and is vice chair of the AFT Higher Education Policy and Planning Council. He is also a vice president for the Alabama AFL-CIO. He lives in Montgomery, Alabama.
The writing of Crusader Without Violence started with Dr. L.D. Reddick's arrival in Montgomery to take over the chairmanship of the Department of History at Alabama State University (then College) at about the time the historic bus boycott began. It ended when the author left with Dr. King on a visit to India, from which they both returned just before the book was published. Lawrence Dunbar Reddick taught history in Kentucky, New York City, Atlanta and Montgomery, Alabama. He received his Ph.D. in history from the University of Chicago. For nine years he was curator of the unique Schomburg Collection of Negro Literature of the New York Public Library. His numerous articles appeared in Saturday Review, The Nation, and professional journals. He is also the author of Our Cause Speeds On
Table of Contents
Production and Style Notes xx
I The Man 3
II The Ideology 12
III M. L. K.'s Adanta 30
IV Family Circle 51
V Morehouse 75
VI Golden Day 93
VII Coretta 107
VIII Decision at Montgomery 129
IX Hero at Montgomery 159
X The Good Press-and the Bad 176
XI Pilgrimage 209
XII Of Men and Evil 239
XIII How This Book Was Written 286