Crystals and Crystal Growing / Edition 1

Crystals and Crystal Growing / Edition 1

ISBN-10:
0262580500
ISBN-13:
9780262580502
Pub. Date:
08/17/1982
Publisher:
MIT Press
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Overview

Crystals and Crystal Growing / Edition 1

This clearly illustrated explanation of the basic principles of crystals may be used as a text or supplementary sourcebook by high-school students (for which it was originally written), students at the junior college or undergraduate level, or the general reader with an interest in science.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780262580502
Publisher: MIT Press
Publication date: 08/17/1982
Edition description: 1st MIT Press ed
Pages: 318
Sales rank: 836,475
Product dimensions: 5.20(w) x 7.80(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

Preface
I Solids and Crystals
The Three States of Matter
Order and Disorder
Crystal Growth
Disturbances of Order
The Genesis of Minerals
Ions and Salts
II Solutions
The Nature of Solutions
Solutions of Salts in Water
Saturation and Supersaturation
III Solubility Diagrams
The Proportion of Salt to Water
Salts That Form Hydrates
IV Two Methods for Growing Crystals
Preparing a Saturated Solution
Preparing a Seed Crystal
Preparing the Growing Solution for the SealedJar (Supercooling)
Method
Seeding the Solution in the SealedJar Method
Changes in Procedure for Growing by Evaporation
Growing and Harvesting a Crystal
An EXample of a Recipe
Comparison of the Two Methods
V Twelve Recipes for Growing Crystals
Potassium Aluminum Sulfate Dodecahydrate ("Alum")
Potassium Chromium Sulfate Dodecahydrate ("Chrome Alum")
Potassium Sodium Tartrate Tetrahydrate ("Rochelle Salt")
Two Hydrates of Nickel Sulfate
Sodium Bromate
Sodium Chlorate
Sodium Nitrate ("Niter")
Potassium Ferricyanide ("Red Prussiate of Potash")
Copper Acetate Monohydrate
Strontium Formate Dihydrate
Lithium Trisodium Chromate HeXahydrate
Calcium Copper Acetate HeXahydrate
VI Building Blocks for Crystals
The Shapes of Crystals
Distortions of Crystalline Shapes
The Angles Between the Natural Faces
VII The Symmetry of Crystals
The Idea of Symmetry
Symmetry Operations
Symmetry in Three Dimensions
The SiX Crystal Systems
VIII The Arrangements of Atoms in Crystals
Twodimensional Building Blocks and Atoms
The Structures of Real Crystals
Closepacked Structures
Closepacked Unit Cells
OtherStructures
IX Cleaving and Gliding Crystals
X Melting and Transforming Crystals
XI The Piezoelectric Effect
XII Some Optical EXperiments
XIII Classifying Crystals
Telltale Habits
Striations and the Thirtytwo Crystal Classes
Etch Figures
Screwlike Behavior in a Crystal
Asymmetric Molecules
Appendices
Sources of Materials
Conversion of Units
Historical Outline
Making a Spectroscope
Table of Crystal Classes
Suggestions for Research
Books and Articles
Answers to Problems
IndeX

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