CT and Myelography of the Spine and Cord: Techniques, Anatomy and Pathology in Children

CT and Myelography of the Spine and Cord: Techniques, Anatomy and Pathology in Children

Hardcover

$81.00

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9783540113225
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York, LLC
Publication date: 06/28/1983

Table of Contents

1 Introduction.- References.- 2 Technique.- Sedation and Anesthesia.- Puncture of the Thecal Sac.- Metrizamide Injection.- Positioning of the Patient for CT.- Observation of the Patient.- Intravenous Contrast Medium Injection.- Computed Tomographic Technique.- Localization of the CT Section.- 1. Conventional radiograph with radiopaque ruler.- 2. Digital radiography (“Scout view”).- Exposure Data and Radiation Dose.- The Image.- Window Setting.- High Spatial Resolution and Contrast Discrimination (ReView).- Image Reconstruction to Planes Angled to the Initial Transaxial Section.- Direct Coronal Sections.- References.- 3 The Normal Spine and Spinal Cord.- The Spinal Column and Canal.- Shape of the Spinal Column.- Vertebral Ossification.- The Cartilagenous Junctions.- The Spinal Canal.- The Dural Sac and Spinal Cord.- Shape.- Size.- Attenuation Values.- References.- 4 Spinal Dysraphism.- Widened Dural Sac.- Tethered Cord Syndrome.- Meningocele.- Syringohydromyelia.- Diastematomyelia.- Neurenteric Cyst.- Developmental Mass Lesions.- Dermoid.- Teratoma.- Lipoma.- Arachnoid Cyst.- Chiari Malformation.- The Complexity of the Dysraphic State.- References.- 5 Neoplasms.- Primary Neoplasms of Neural Origin.- Astrocytoma.- Ependymoma.- Neurofibroma, Neurofibrosarcoma.- Neuroblastoma, Ganglioneuroma.- Primary Neoplasms of the Spinal Column and Paraspinal Structures.- Metastases.- Enhancement of Lesions After Intravenous Contrast Medium Injection.- References.- 6 Trauma, Infection, and Inflammation.- Trauma.- Fractures.- Herniation of Intervertebral Discs.- Avulsion of the Vertebral Apophysis.- Spondylolysis and Spondylolisthesis.- Avulsion of the Nerve Roots.- Intramedullary Hematomas.- Cord Atrophy.- Infection and Inflammation.- Osteomyelitis.- Intraspinal Infections.- Transverse Myelitis.- Arachnoiditis.- References.- 7 Musculoskeletal Disorders and Dysplasias Involving the Spinal Column and Canal.- Spinal Stenosis.- Localized Narrowing of the Spinal Canal.- Widened Spinal Canal.- Neurofibromatosis.- References.- 8 Scoliosis.- Conventional Radiography.- Computed Tomography.- References.- 9 The Diagnostic Accuracy of CTMM.- Comparison Between Information Provided by MM and CTMM.- Dysraphism.- Neoplastic Lesions.- Trauma, Infection, and Inflammation.- Musculoskeletal Dysplasias and Miscellaneous Lesions.- Appropriate Areas to be Scanned.- Comparison Between Findings at CTMM and at Operation or Autopsy.- Conclusion.- References.- 10 Adverse Effects of the Examination.- General and CNS Effects.- Immediate Effects.- Late Effects.- Local Damage Caused by Lumbar Puncture and Metrizamide Injection.- References.- 11 Diagnostic Protocols.- Present Protocols.- Dysraphism.- Neoplastic Lesions.- Trauma, Infection, and Inflammation.- Musculoskeletal Dysplasias and Miscellaneous Lesions.- Future Protocols.- Complete Reference List.

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