The study is the product of cooperation between two research projects: "The Cultural Construction of Community in Modernization Processes; Sweden and Germany in Comparison" at the European U. Institute in Florence and the Humboldt U. in Berlin, and "The Development of Norwegian National Identity in the 19th Century" at Olso University. Emphasizing the role of the peasants in the historical emergence of political cultures in the North, contributors discuss the role of religion and foundation myths about a heroic past, language, state-oriented liberalism and welfare-state individualism, and youth ideology. No index. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.