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Oxford University Press
Cultures of the West: A History, Volume 1: To 1750 / Edition 2

Cultures of the West: A History, Volume 1: To 1750 / Edition 2

by Clifford R. Backman


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780190240462
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Publication date: 10/01/2015
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 720
Sales rank: 105,504
Product dimensions: 6.50(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.10(d)

About the Author

Clifford R. Backman has been a member of the History Department at Boston University since 1989. He is currently at work on a book that traces the development of toleration and interpersonal forgiveness in medieval Christianity, Judaism, and Islam.

Table of Contents

1. Water and Soil, Stone and Metal: The First Civilizations, 10,000-2100 BCE
The Tigris, the Euphrates, and the Land Between the Rivers
Early Mesopotamia: Kings and Priests
The Idea of Empire
Mesopotamian Life: Farms and Cities, Letters and Numbers
Religion and Myth: The Great Above and Great Below
Ancient Egypt, Gift of the Nile
Life and Rule in Old Kingdom Egypt
The Kingdom of the Dead

2. Law Givers, Emperors, and Gods: The Ancient Near East, 2100-486 BCE
Old Babylon
Middle Kingdom Egypt
The New Kingdom Empire
The Indo-European Arrival
The Age of Iron Begins
Persia and the Religion of Fire

3. The People of the Covenant, 1200-350 BCE
The Bible and History
The Land of Canaan
Dreams of a Golden Age
Women and the Law
Prophets and Prophecy
The Struggle for Jewish Identity
Second Temple Judaism

4. Greeks and Persians, 2000-479 BCE
The First Greeks
The Search for Mythic Ancestors in Archaic Age Greece
Colonists, Hoplites, and the Path toward Citizenship
A Cult of Masculinity
Civilized Pursuits: Lyric Poetry
Sparta: The Militarization of the Citizenry
Miletus: The Birthplace of Philosophy
Athens: Home to Democracy
The Persian Wars

5. Classical Greece and the Hellenistic World, 479-30 BCE
Athens's Golden Age
The Polis: Ritual and Restraint
The Excluded: Women, Children, and Slaves
The Invention of Drama
The Peloponnesian Disaster
Advances in Historical Inquiry
Medicine as Natural Law
The Flowering of Philosophy
The Rise of Macedonia and the Conquests of Alexander the
The Hellenistic World
The Maccabean Revolt

6. Empire of the Sea: Rome, 753 BCE-212 CE
Ancient Italy and the Rise of Rome
From Monarchy to Republic
The Republic of Virtue
Size Matters
Can the Republic Be Saved?
Rome's Golden Age: The Augustan Era
The Sea, the Sea
Roman Lives and Values
Height of the Pax Romana: The "Five Good Emperors"

7. The Rise of Christianity in a Roman World, 40 BCE-300 CE
The Vitality of Roman Religion
The Jesus Mystery
A Crisis in Tradition
Ministry and Movement
What Happened to His Disciples?
Christianities Everywhere
Romans in Pursuit
Philosophical Foundations: Stoicism and Neoplatonism

8. The Early Middle Ages, 300-750
The Imperial Crisis
Imperial Decline: Rome's Overreach
Martyrdom and Empire
A Christian Emperor and a Christian Church
The Rise of "New Rome": The Byzantium Empire
Barbarian Kings and Warlords
Divided Estates and Kingdoms
The Body as Money and Women as Property
Christian Paganism
Christian Monasticism

9. The Expansive Realm of Islam, 30-900
"Age of Ignorance": The Arabian Background
The Qur'an and History
From Preacher to Conqueror
Conversion or Compulsion?
The Islamic Empire
Sunnis and Shi'a
Islam and the Classical Traditions
Women and Islam

10. Reform and Renewal in the Greater West, 750-1258
Two Palace Coups
The Carolingian Ascent
Imperial Coronation
Carolingian Collapse
The Splintering of the Caliphate
The Reinvention of Western Europe
Mediterranean Cities
The Reinvention of the Church
The Reinvention of the Islamic World
The Call for Crusades
The Crusades
Turkish Power and Byzantine Decline
Judaism Reformed, Renewed, and Reviled

11. Worlds Brought Down, 1258-1453
Late Medieval Europe
The Guild System
The Mendicant Orders
Early Representative Government
The Weakening of the Papacy
Noble Privilege and Popular Rebellion
The Hundred Years' War
The Plague
The Mongol Takeover
In the Wake of the Mongols
Persia under the Il-Khans
A New Center for Islam
The Ottoman Turks

12. Renaissances and Reformations, 1350-1563
Rebirth or Culmination?
The Political and Economic Matrix
The Renaissance Achievement
Christian Humanism
Erasmus: Humanist Scholar and Social Critic
Martin Luther: The Gift of Salvation
Luther's Rebellion against the Church
The Reformation Goes International
Calvin: Protestantism as Theology
The Godly Society
The Rebirth of Satire
Catholic Reform and the Council of Trent
The Society of Jesus
What about the Orthodox East?

13. Worlds Old and New, 1450-1700
European Voyages of Discovery
New Continents and Profits
Conquest and Epidemics
The Copernican Drama
Galileo and the Truth of Numbers
Inquisition and Inquiry
The Revolution Broadens
The Ethical Costs of Science
The Islamic Retreat from Science
Thinking about Truth
Newton's Mathematical Principles

14. The War of All against All, 1540-1648
From the Peace of Augsburg to the Edict of Nantes: French Wars of Religion
Strife and Settlement in England
Dutch Ascendancy and Spanish Eclipse
The Thirty Years' War
Enemies Within: The Hunt for Witches
The Jews of the East and West
The Waning of the Sultanate
New Centers of Intellectual and Cultural Life
Wars of Religion: The Eastern Front
Economic Change in an Atlantic World

15. From Westphalia to Paris: Regimes Old and New, 1648-1750
The Peace of Westphalia: 1648
The Argument for Tyranny
The Social Contract
Absolute Politics
Police States
Self-Indulgence with a Purpose: The Example of Versailles
Mercantilism and Absolutism
Mercantilism and Poverty
Domesticating Dynamism: Regulating Culture
The Control of Private Life
England's Separate Path: The Rise of Constitutional Monarchy
Ottoman Absolutism
Persian Absolutism
The International Economy in a Mercantilist Age
The Slave Trade and Domestic Subjugation
The Return of Uncertainty

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