Cultures of Yusin examines the turbulent and yet deeply formative years of Park Chung Hee’s rule in South Korea, focusing on the so-called Yusin era (1972–79). Beginning with the constitutional change that granted dictatorial powers to the president and ending with his assassination, Yusin was a period of extreme political repression coupled with widespread mobilization of the citizenry towards the statist gospel of modernization and development. While much has been written about the political and economic contours of this period, the rich complexity of its cultural production remains obscure. This edited volume brings together a wide range of scholars to explore literature, film, television, performance, music, and architecture, as well as practices of urban and financial planning, consumption, and homeownership. Examining the plural forms of culture’s relationship to state power, the authors illuminate the decade of the 1970s in South Korea and offer an essential framework for understanding contemporary Korean society.
About the Author
Youngju Ryu is Associate Professor of Korean Literature at the University of Michigan.
Table of Contents
Introduction Youngju Ryu 1
The Race to Appropriate "Koreanness": National Restoration, Internal Development, and Traces of Popular Culture Won Kim 21
[De]Popularizing a Confucian Master: Yusin and the Birth of T'oegye Studies Hwisang Cho 59
Kyebaram: The Culture of Money and Investment in South Korea during the 1970s Eunhee Park 89
"My" Sweet Home in the Next Decade: The Popular Imagination of Private Homeownership during the Yusin Period Han Sang Kim 119
Peripheral Visions of Yusin: Techniscope Action Cinema and the Anxiety of the State Irhe Sohn 141
Dissident Dreams: Science Fictional Imaginations in 1970s South Korean Literature and Film Sunyoung Park 165
Alluvium of Dreams: The 1969 Master Plan and the Development of Youido Se-Mi Oh 193
"Oh Jesus, Now Here with Us": Literary Christology in 1970s and 1980s South Korea Serk-Bae Suh 221
Why Performance in Authoritarian Korea? Joan Kee 245
Conclusion: From Yusin Redux to Yuch'e it'al Youngju Ryu 279