Cyberdemocracy: Change of Democratic Paradigm in the 21st Century

Cyberdemocracy: Change of Democratic Paradigm in the 21st Century

by Andrzej Kaczmarczyk

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780981160696
Publisher: Key Publishing House Inc
Publication date: 03/29/2010
Pages: 276
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.50(d)

About the Author

Andrzej Kaczmarczyk, Ph.D., Warsaw University of Technology, has done extensive research in the field of applied cybernetics-automation, robotics, and informatics. He is the author of Technology Around You, Industrial Robots of Eighties, and co-author of Elements of Modern Technology and Robots, and Factory of the Future. He has been engaged in forecasting work, as well as in popularization of science and technology in Poland. For years he has cultivated great interest in the use of technology for the development of democracy. He collaborated with the Initiative & Referendum Institute Europe and with the CyberVote project. Dr. Kaczmarczyk is currently with the Institute of Mathematical Machines, Warsaw, and his research interests are in computer modeling and simulation.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements 7

Introduction 9

Chapter I Information Society 11

Birth of the "Information Society" 12

Birth History 12

Political Vision of the Information Society 16

Access to the cyberspace 16

Economy 17

Transport and communication systems 18

Research and Study 19

Education 20

Environment and agriculture 21

Governance and public services 21

Advance of the Information Society 23

Research on the Information Society 34

Summary and Conclusion 36

Chapter II The Cyberspace 40

The Internet 40

Beyond the Internet 45

Peer-to-Peer 48

Voice in the Cyberspace 50

Law in the Cyberspace 51

Electronic signature and PKI 52

Electronic copyright and "copyleft" 56

Broadcasting and telecommunication regulations, antitrust issues 58

Privacy and freedom of expression 59

Spying in the Cyberspace 61

Artificial Intelligence in the Cyberspace 63

Summary and Conclusion 67

Chapter III E-democracy 72

Democratic Extension of e-Government 76

Cities in the Web 81

Parliaments and Politicians Online 83

Citizens Online 86

Summary and Conclusion 92

Chapter IV Electronic Voting 96

Electronic Voting in the Field 97

Framework for Electronic Voting 107

Performance Standards and Certification 108

Language Standards 112

Internet Voting 116

Successful Applications 116

Failures and Criticism 124

Summary and Conclusion 127

Chapter V Direct Democracy 134

Present Condition of DD 138

Switzerland 141

European Union 144

U.S.A 148

Latin America 152

New Proposals, Dilemmas, and Movements 155

DD Proposals 156

DD Dilemmas 161

DD Movements 164

Apology of DD 168

DD Pros and Cons 168

Essentiality of DD 172

Summary and Conclusion 174

Chapter VI Cyberdemocracy at the Gates 181

Negative-Force Factors 186

Politicians' Modern Ways to Manipulate People and Issues 189

Modern Ways to Manipulate Politicians 192

Corruption 195

Positive-Force Factors 198

Virtual Communities 199

Group Work Technology 204

Data Mining 208

Forecasting 210

Summary and Conclusion 211

Chapter VII Enter the Cyberdemocracy 217

Cyberdemocracy Description 219

Components and their Interrelations 219

Cyber-community 220

Hyperstructure 222

Modus Operandi 225

Legislative and executive powers 226

Judicial power 227

Defense and fiscal functions 229

Openness 231

Cybernetic support 233

On Paths to Reach Cyberdemocracy 237

Motivations and Fears 238

Cope with Differences 238

Resist new threats 240

Fears 243

Moving Along 245

Postmodern society 245

Cities 249

Nations and associations of them 252

Clash of civilizations 256

On the path 258

Summary and Conclusion 261

Epilogue - Far Away in Time 268

Abbreviations 270

Index of Names 273

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