The authors contrast this outmoded perspective with the lived experiences of researchers at major research laboratories. Using such Nobel Prize–winning examples as magnetic resonance imaging, the transistor, and the laser, they explore the daily micro-practices of research, showing how distinctions between the search for knowledge and creative problem solving break down when one pays attention to the ways in which pathbreaking research actually happens. By studying key contemporary research institutions, the authors highlight the importance of integrated research practices, contrasting these with models of research in the classic but still-influential report Science the Endless Frontier. Narayanamurti and Odumosu’s new model of the research ecosystem underscores that discovery and invention are often two sides of the same coin that moves innovation forward.
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About the Author
Toluwalogo Odumosu is Assistant Professor of Science, Technology, and Society and Assistant Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering in the School of Engineering and Applied Science at the University of Virginia.
Table of Contents
1 Breaking Barriers, Building Bridges 1
2 Boundaries in Science and Engineering Research 14
3 The Basic/Applied Dichotomy: The Inadequacy of the Linear Model 20
4 The Origins of the "Basic" and "Applied" Descriptors 33
5 The Discovery-Invention Cycle 48
6 Bell Labs and the Importance of Institutional Culture 70
7 Designing Radically Innovative Research Institutions 99
8 The Need for a Radical Reformulation of S&T Policy 130
9 Moving Forward in Science and Technology Policy 142