The northern plains are often ignored by the rest of the nation or, if not, are mentioned in the context of the weather, Mount Rushmore, or the Black Hills. However, North Dakota and South Dakota have a colorful past--and present--deserving of greater recognition.
Norman K. Risjord relates the remarkable histories of these two states, from the geological formation of the Great Plains to economic changes in the twenty-first century. Risjord takes the reader on a journey through the centuries detailing the first human inhabitants of the northern plains, the Lewis and Clark expedition, homesteading and railroad building, the political influence of the Progressive movement, the building of Mount Rushmore, and Wounded Knee II. Included are stories of such noteworthy characters as French explorer Vérendrye, the Lakota leader Red Cloud, North Dakota political boss Alexander McKenzie, and South Dakota Democrat George S. McGovern.
Despite the shared topography and the rivers that course through both states, the diverse reactions of the two states to the challenges of the twentieth century provide opportunities for arresting comparisons. This captivating look at the Dakotas' geography, ecology, politics, and culture is essential reading for Dakotans and those interested in the rich history of this important region.
Norman K. Risjord is a professor emeritus of history at the University of Wisconsin. He is the author of numerous books, including, most recently, A Popular History of Minnesota and Shining Big Sea Water: The Story of Lake Superior.
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About the Author
Table of Contents
List of Illustrations viii
List of Maps ix
1 A Sea of Wind-Blown Grass 1
2 Lords of the Northern Plains 17
3 Explorers and Fur Traders, 1730-1800 37
4 Ventures under the American Flag, 1800-1837 63
5 From "Desert" to Gold Mine 99
6 Prairie Farms and Statehood 133
7 The Road to Wounded Knee 155
8 Political Prairie Fires, 1890-1920 177
9 Mount Rushmore: Conceived in Prosperity, Born of Depression 203
10 Paths to the Present 221
Selected Reading 257