December 7, 1941—the date of Japan’s surprise attack on the U.S. fleet at Pearl Harbor—is "a date which will live" in American history and memory, but the stories that will live and the meanings attributed to them are hardly settled. In movies, books, and magazines, at memorial sites and public ceremonies, and on television and the internet, Pearl Harbor lives in a thousand guises and symbolizes dozens of different historical lessons. In A Date Which Will Live, historian Emily S. Rosenberg examines the contested meanings of Pearl Harbor in American culture.
Rosenberg considers the emergence of Pearl Harbor’s symbolic role within multiple contexts: as a day of infamy that highlighted the need for future U.S. military preparedness, as an attack that opened a "back door" to U.S. involvement in World War II, as an event of national commemoration, and as a central metaphor in American-Japanese relations. She explores the cultural background that contributed to Pearl Harbor’s resurgence in American memory after the fiftieth anniversary of the attack in 1991. In doing so, she discusses the recent “memory boom” in American culture; the movement to exonerate the military commanders at Pearl Harbor, Admiral Husband Kimmel and General Walter Short; the political mobilization of various groups during the culture and history "wars" of the 1990s, and the spectacle surrounding the movie Pearl Harbor. Rosenberg concludes with a look at the uses of Pearl Harbor as a historical frame for understanding the events of September 11, 2001.
About the Author
Emily S. Rosenberg is DeWitt Wallace Professor of History at Macalester College. She is the author of Financial Missionaries to the World: The Politics and Culture of Dollar Diplomacy, 1900–1930 (also published by Duke University Press) and Spreading the American Dream: American Economic and Cultural Expansion, 1890–1945. She is coauthor of In Our Times: America since World War II and Liberty, Equality, Power: A History of the American People.
Table of Contents
I. Signifying Pearl Harbor: The First Fifty Years 9
1. Infamy: Reinvigorating American Unity and Power 11
2. Backdoor Deceit: Contesting the New Deal 34
3. Representations of Race and Japanese-American Relations 53
4. Commemoration of Sacrifice 71
II. Reviving Pearl Harbor after 1991 99
5. Bilateral Relations: Pearl Harbor's Half-Century Anniversary and the Apology Controversies 101
6. The Memory Boom and the "Greatest Generation" 113
7. The Kimmel Crusade, the HIstory Wars, and the Republican Revival 126
8. Japanese Americans: Identity and Memory Culture 140
9. Spectacular History 155
10. Day of Infamy: September 11, 2001 174