Debating in the World Schools Style

Debating in the World Schools Style

by Simon Quinn

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781932716559
Publisher: International Debate Education Association
Publication date: 09/28/2009
Pages: 288
Sales rank: 1,224,769
Product dimensions: 5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements xvii

Introduction 1

How co UseThisBook 2

Debating:A Basic Introduction 4

Chapter 1 Preparation 9

The Big Picture 9

Step 1 The Issue and Definition 10

Finding the Battleground 10

Finding the Issue 10

The Definition 13

What Is the Definition? 13

How to Define a Motion 13

Limiting Motions by Definition 15

The Need for a Neutral Definition 17

The Right ofDefinirion 20

No Exclusive Right 20

More Reasonable 21

Closer to the Real Issue of the Motion 21

The Exclusive Right 23

Triggers 24

Triggers for Wliat Your Team Needs to Prove 25

Should 25

Too 28

Failed 29

Big, Red Ball Motions 31

Triggers for the Degree to Which Your Team Needs to Prove Its Argument 33

General Truth 33

Absolutes 35

"Justify" Motions 36

The Confusing Words "We" and "Our" 38

Triggers for Developing Your Case 39

Comparison Debates 39

Debates About a Particular Age or Generation 41

Triggers for Disclaimers 42

Speculative Debates 43

Sensitivities 43

Step 2 The Case Approach 45

The Theme of Caseline 45

How Often Should the Theme Be Used? 47

How Should the Theme Be Presented? 48

The Team Stance 49

A Model 50

How Specific Does the Model Need to Be? 51

An Alternative from the Opposition 52

Is the Alternative Really Necessary? 53

Is the Alternative Mutually Exclusive to the Motion? 56

The Invalid Opposition 57

Drawing a Line in the Sand 57

A Stance on Associated Issues 61

Ignoring Your Model or Stance 63

How Not to Rebut Models 64

The Strategy of Case Development 65

Debating: A Game 66

Playing Hardball 66

Fear Complexity, Not Controversy 70

Playing Hardball-Is a Whole Case Approach 74

Arguing TooMuch 76

Criteria 80

What Are Criteria in Debating? 80

Using Criteria 82

Taking Criteria Too Far 84

Criteria-A Loaded Term 86

Criteria-Key Points 86

Step 3 The Arguments 87

The Basic Approach 87

What Do We Mean by an "Argument"? 87

Why Do We Need Distinct Arguments? 88

The Basic Structure of an Argument 88

How Many Arguments Do You Need? 90

Examples 91

Analysis of Examples 92

Weak Analysis: A Case Study 93

Adding More Examples 96

Statistics 97

Other Alternatives to Examples 98

Finding Content 100

News and Current Affairs 100

Research 101

Fabricating Content 101

Credibility in Presenting Content 102

Home Turf Examples 103

Use of Substantiation Elsewhere in Your Cas 105

Sophistication in Explanation 106

Testing Your Arguments 107

Specific Weaknesses 108

Inconsistency 108

Insignificance 109

Arguments That Are Too General 110

Irrelevance 110

Dependent Arguments 111

Conclusion to Step 3 112

Step 4 The Split 113

The Basic Concept 113

Choosing the Groupings 114

A Hung Case 115

Common Splits 117

Where to Start? 118

Content Splits 120

Step 5 Preparing Individual Speeches 120

The Need for Structure 121

Speaker Roles 121

First Speakers 121

Second Speakers 122

Third Speakers 123

Signposting 123

A Formal Introduction 124

A Brief Introduction 124

Setting Up Your Team's Approach 125

A Brief Link to the Team Case 126

The Outline and Summary 126

A Conclusion 127

Timing 128

Teamwork in Preparation 129

Introduction 129

The Basics 130

Basic Steps 130

Brainstorming 130

Feeding Back 131

Case Development 132

Writing Speeches 133

Final Discussions 133

Resolving Differences of Opinion 134

Short Preparation Before the Debate 135

The Basic Timing 136

Hastening Slowly 137

Leadership 137

"Oh &@!#$A@ !!!" (or Short Preparation during the Debate) 139

Deciding to Abandon Your Case 140

Start with the Big Picture 141

Chapter 2 Rebuttal 143

The Importance of Rebuttal 143

What Should You Rebut? 144

RebuttingYour Opposition's Theme 145

Rebutting Examples and Statistics 146

Rebutting Rebuttal 146

The Importance of Being Thorough 147

Preparing for Rebuttal 148

Definitional Rebuttal 149

Definitional Rules Revisited 150

Deciding to Rebut Your Opposition's Definition 151

How to Rebut the Definition 153

Definitional Challenges and Their Impact on the Debate as a Whole 154

The Definitional "Even If" 157

Dealing with an Unreasonable Definition 159

Parallel Cases: A Special Issue 160

The Internal Structure of a Rebuttal Point 161

The Overall Structure of Rebuttal 163

Starting Your Rebuttal 163

Strategic Allocation of Rebuttal Time 164

First and Second Speaker Structure 165

Third Speaker Structure 166

Key Grounds for Rebuttal 169

Logical Irrelevance 170

Insignificance 171

Factual Inaccuracy 172

UnsubstantiatedAssertions 174

UnderlyingAssumprions 175

Causation 176

Contradictions 177

Misrepresentation 179

Cumulative Rebuttal 180

Conclusion 182

Chapter 3 Style 183

Introduction 183

Being Yourself 183

Visual Presentation 184

Start from the Very Beginning 185

Eye Contact 185

Gesture 186

Stance 187

Mannerisms 188

Vocal Presentation 188

Speed 188

Volume 189

Variation 190

Verbal Presentation 191

The Importance of Clarity 191

Clever Verbal Techniques 193

Humor 193

General Pointers 195

Using Note Cards Effectively 195

The Importance of Context 197

Chapter 4 Points of Information and Reply Speeches 199

Introduction 199

Points of Information 200

What Are Points of Information? 200

Offering Points of Information 201

How Many Points Should You Offer? 201

When Should You Offer Points of Information? 202

How Should You Offer Points of Information? 203

How Should You Deliver a Point When Accepted? 204

Responding to Points of Information 206

How Many Points of Information Should You Accept? 206

When Should You Accept Points of Information? 206

How Should You Decline a Point of Information? 207

How Should You Accept a Point of Information and Respond? 208

Reply Speeches 210

What Are Reply Speeches? 210

The Aim of a Good Reply Speech 211

The Structure of a Reply Speech 212

Choosing the Issues 214

The Interaction Between Reply Speeches and Third Speeches 215

Style and Reply Speeches 216

Conclusion 217

Appendixes 219

Games and Activities 219

Introduction to Debating 220

Group Preparation 220

Forum Debate 221

Understanding Theory 223

General Knowledge and Current Affairs 224

The Name Game 224

Style Skills 226

Elements of Style 226

Preparation and Delivery Skills 228

Short Preparation Practice 228

Very Short Preparation Debates 229

Mixing Things Up 230

Scramble Debates 231

Surprise-Case Debates 231

Interrogation Debate 232

Motions 234

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