This book provides an overview of the main methods and results in the formal study of the human decision-making process, as defined in a relatively wide sense. A key aim of the approach contained here is to try to break down barriers between various disciplines encompassed by this field, including psychology, economics and computer science. All these approaches have contributed to progress in this very important and much-studied topic in the past, but none have proved sufficient so far to define a complete understanding of the highly complex processes and outcomes. This book provides the reader with state-of-the-art coverage of the field, essentially forming a roadmap to the field of decision analysis.
The first part of the book is devoted to basic concepts and techniques for representing and solving decision problems, ranging from operational research to artificial intelligence. Later chapters provide an extensive overview of the decision-making process under conditions of risk and uncertainty. Finally, there are chapters covering various approaches to multi-criteria decision-making. Each chapter is written by experts in the topic concerned, and contains an extensive bibliography for further reading and reference.
About the Author
Denis Bouyssou is a Senior Researcher at CNRS, Paris Dauphine University, France.
Marc Pirlot is Professor of Mathematics and Operational Research at Faculté Polytechnique de Mons in Belgium.
Didier Dubois and Henri Prade are Senior Researchers at CNRS, University of Toulouse, France.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1. From Decision Theory to Decision-aiding Methodology 1Alexis TSOUKIAS
Chapter 2. Binary Relations and PreferenceModeling 49Denis BOUYSSOU, Philippe VINCKE
Chapter 3. Formal Representations of Uncertainty 85Didier DUBOIS, Henri PRADE
Chapter 4. Human Decision: Recognition plus Reasoning 157Jean-Charles POMEROL
Chapter 5. Multiple Objective Linear Programming 199Jacques TEGHEM
Chapter 6. Constraint Satisfaction Problems 265Gerard VERFAILLIE, Thomas SCHIEX
Chapter 7. Logical Representation of Preferences 321Jerome LANG
Chapter 8. Decision under Risk: The Classical Expected Utility Model 365Alain CHATEAUNEUF, Michele COHEN, Jean-Marc TALLON
Chapter 9. Decision under Uncertainty: The Classical Models 385Alain CHATEAUNEUF, Michele COHEN, Jean-Yves JAFFRAY
Chapter 10. Cardinal Extensions of the EU Model Based on the Choquet Integral 401Alain CHATEAUNEUF, Michele COHEN
Chapter 11. A Survey of Qualitative Decision Rules under Uncertainty 435Didier DUBOIS, Helene FARGIER, Henri PRADE, Regis SABBADIN
Chapter 12. A Cognitive Approach to Human Decision Making 475Eric RAUFASTE, Denis J. HILTON
Chapter 13. Bayesian Networks 505Jean-Yves JAFFRAY
Chapter 14. Planning under Uncertainty with Markov Decision Processes 541Regis SABBADIN
Chapter 15. Multiattribute Utility Theory 579Mohammed ABDELLAOUI, Christophe GONZALES
Chapter 16. Conjoint Measurement Models for Preference Relations 617Denis BOUYSSOU, Marc PIRLOT
Chapter 17. Aggregation Functions for Decision Making 673Jean-Luc MARICHAL
Chapter 18. Subjective Evaluation 723Michel GRABISCH
Chapter 19. Social Choice Theory and Multicriteria Decision Aiding 779Denis BOUYSSOU, Thierry MARCHANT, Patrice PERNY
Chapter 20.Metric and Latticial Medians 811Olivier HUDRY, Bruno LECLERC, BernardMONJARDET, Jean-Pierre BARTHELEMY
List of Authors 857