Gender discrimination pervades nearly all legal institutions and practices in Latin America. The deeper question is how this shapes broader relations of power. By examining the relationship between law and gender as it manifests itself in the Mexican legal system, the thirteen essays in this volume show how law is produced by, but also perpetuates, unequal power relations. At the same time, however, authors show how law is often malleable and can provide spaces for negotiation and redress. The contributors (including political scientists, sociologists, geographers, anthropologists, and economists) explore these issues-not only in courts, police stations, and prisons, but also in rural organizations, indigenous communities, and families.
By bringing new interdisciplinary perspectives to issues such as the quality of citizenship and the rule of law in present-day Mexico, this book raises important issues for research on the relationship between law and gender more widely.
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About the Author
Helga Baitenmann is an associate fellow of the Institute of the Study of the Americas, University of London.
Victoria Chenaut is a research professor at the Centro de Investigaciones y Estudios Superiores en Antropologa Social, Mexico.
Ann Varley is a reader in Geography at University College London.
Table of Contents
Foreword Maxine Molyneux ix
Introduction: Law and Gender in Mexico: Defining the Field Helga Baitenmann Victoria Chenaut Ann Varley 1
Discourses on Law and Sexuality
Love, Sex, and Gossip in Legal Cases from Namiquipa, Chihuahua Ana M. Alonso 43
Sins, Abnormalities, and Rights: Gender and Sexuality in Mexican Penal Codes Ivonne Szasz 59
The Realm outside the Law: Transvestite Sex Work in Xalapa, Veracruz Rosio Cordova Plaza 75
Gender at the Intersection of Law and Custom
Women's Land Rights and Indigenous Autonomy in Chiapas: Interlegality and the Gendered Dynamics of National and Alternative Popular Legal Systems Lynn Stephen 93
Indigenous Women, Law, and Custom: Gender Ideologies in the Practice of Justice Maria Teresa Sierra 109
Indigenous Women and the Law: Prison as a Gendered Experience Victoria Chenaut 125
Legal Constructions of Marriage and the Family
Domesticating the Law Ann Varley 145
Conflictive Marriage and Separation in a Rural Municipality in Central Mexico, 1970-2000 Soledad Gonzalez Montes 162
The Archaeology of Gender in the New Agrarian CourtRulings Helga Baitenmann 180
Legal Reform and the Politics of Gender
Law and the Politics of Abortion Adriana Ortiz-Ortega 197
Married Women's Property Rights in Mexico: A Comparative Latin American Perspective and Research Agenda Carmen Diana Deere 213
Afterword: Thinking about
Gender and Law in Mexico Jane F. Collier 231
Notes on Contributors 265