Examines the transition to, and consolidation of, democracy in Portugal following the revolutionary events of 1975, during a period of major changes in socioeconomic structure. Nataf emphasizes that not only political institutions but also the fabric of social relations were uprooted, and he compares the Portuguese case to other models of European democratization and postwar settlements.
This book examines the transition and consolidation phases of Portugal's democratization. Unlike more incremental types of democratization, the Portuguese case involved "expanded" democratization in which not only were political institutions replaced but the fabric of social relations uprooted. This resulted in a period of dishegemony in which the policy paradigm was uncertain and highly susceptible to political events and government initiatives. By the late 1980s, a tentative social settlement was established that drew partly from neocorporatist and partly from conflict models of European society.
Nataf relies on diverse materials including government statistics; business, trade union, and party documents; and electoral, census, and survey materials to substantiate his interpretation of the political and social consensus emerging throughout the 1980s. He uses the Portuguese experience to generate a typology of forms of democratization and then applies this analysis to the post-communist world.
|Publisher:||State University of New York Press|
|Edition description:||New Edition|
|Product dimensions:||6.00(w) x 1.25(h) x 9.00(d)|
About the Author
Daniel Nataf is Assistant Professor in the Department of Political Science, University of Maryland, Baltimore County. He is the coauthor of Transitions from Dictatorship to Democracy: Comparative Studies of Spain, Portugal, and Greece.
Table of Contents
List of Tables and Figures
1. Portuguese Democracy from a Comparative and Theoretical Perspective
2. The End of the Dictatorship and Its Hegemonic Project
3. Democratic Consolidation under Dishegemony
4. The Rise of the PSD and Emergence of a National Hegemonic Project among the Mass Public
5. Party Strategies and the Social Bases of Contesting Hegemonic Projects
6. Labor and the Search for a Social Settlement
7. The Politics of Accumulation and Dishegemony
8. Portugal and Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century