Medical doctors driving taxis, architects selling beer on street corners, scientific institutes closed down amid rusting carcasses of industrial plantsthese images became common at the turn of the twenty-first century in many once modern “civilized” countries. In quite a few of them, longtime neighbors came to kill each other, apparently motivated by the newly discovered differences of religion, language, or origin. Civil nationalism gave way to tribal, ethnic, and confessional conflict. Rational arguments of a geopolitical nature have been replaced by claims of self-righteousness and moral superiority.
These snapshots are not random. They are manifestations of a phenomenon called demodernization that can be observed from the banks of the Neva to the banks of the Euphrates, from the deserts of Central Asia to the English countryside and all the way to the city of Detroit. Demodernization is a growing trend today, but it also has a history. Seventeen scholars, including historians, philosophers, sociologists, and archaeologists, offer their views of demodernization. The book is divided into three parts dedicated to conceptual debates as well as historical and contemporary cases. It book provides a wealth of empirical materials and conceptual insights that provide a multifaceted approach to demodernization.
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About the Author
Yakov M. Rabkin, born and educated in the Soviet Union, is professor of history at the University of Montreal. Author of several books and hundreds of articles, he served as an expert witness for the Standing Committee on External Affairs and International Trade of the Parliament of Canada and cooperated with the OECD and other international organizations on issues of science and technology policy.
Mikhail Minakov is principal investigator for Ukraine at the Kennan Institute/Wilson Center for International Scholars and DAAD Visiting Professor at Europe University Viadrina. He is editor-in-chief of Kennan Focus Ukraine and Ideology and Politics. From 2001 to 2018 Minakov was professor of philosophy at the National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy. His research interests focus on ideology, social experience, social and political imagination, as well as long-term epistemological tendencies in modernity. He authored over hundred articles and research papers and several books including Kant’s Concept of the Faith of Reason (2001), History of Experience (2007), Photosophy (2017), and Development and Dystopia (2018).
Table of Contents
Editors' Foreword Yakov M. Rabkin Mikhail Minakov 9
Undoing Years of Progress Yakov M. Rabkin 17
Ancient Modernities and Societal Decline Fabian D. Zuk 47
What Kind of Modernity at the End of the Middle Ages? Problems and Definitions Philippe Genequand 83
Museology of Demodernization: Ruins of a Mining Village in Northern Chile Francisco Rivera 109
Reborn Savages: Demodernization Modern Iraq Orit Bashkin 139
Demodernizationas Orientalization: The Case of Iraq Detlev Quintern 163
Demodernization versus Modernization in the Wake of the Iraq-Iran War Hitoshi Suzuki 179
The Many Faces of Demodernization: The Case of Palestine Ilan Pappé 193
Demodernization in Abruzzo: How Modernization Produced Tradition Guy Lanoue 209
Demodernization in Post-Soviet Eastern Europe Mikhail Minakov 241
Tajikistan: The Elusiveness of a National Consciousness Richard Foltz 261
Demodernization in Post-Soviet Literature Marc Jeandesboz 287
Is Protestantism More or Less than Modern? Olivier Bauer 315
Demodernization and Democratization: Traditional Leaders in Postapartheid South Africa Jo-Ansie van Wyk 333
The Nation-State and its Refugees: Is Abuse of Human Rights Inevitable? Meir Amor 349
Which Modernity? Which Demodernization? Jean-Luc Gautero 375
Customary Law and Informal Institutions: A Challenge to the Concept of Demodernization Marc Goetzmann 389
From Demodernization to Degrowth Bertrand Cochard 409
Information about the Contributors 423