Deng Xiaoping has been one of the world's preeminent leaders of the late twentieth century. His impact will be felt well into the next century as China's economic reforms begin to have impressive effects. Although he endured six years of internal exile during the Cultural Revolution, by 1977 he had reached the ultimate pinnacle of power in China. His actions since have been devoted to deconstructing the Maoist state, and introducing economic reforms while maintaining a firm hold on the party-state political system. This volume analyzes the effect of Deng Xiaoping's leadership on China, dealing in turn with his role in foreign policy, in politics, in the economic system, in social reforms, and in his relations with the military. This work will be invaluable to students and academics requiring an evaluation of Deng that is both comprehensive and authoritative.