Descartes and His Contemporaries: Meditations, Objections, and Replies / Edition 2 available in Paperback
- Pub. Date:
- University of Chicago Press
Before publishing his landmark Meditations in 1641, Rene Descartes sent his manuscript to many leading thinkers to solicit their objections to his arguments. He included these objections, along with his own detailed replies, as part of the first edition. This unusual strategy gave Descartes a chance to address criticisms in advance and to demonstrate his willingness to consider diverse viewpoints—critical in an age when radical ideas could result in condemnation by church and state, or even death.
Descartes and his Contemporaries recreates the tumultuous intellectual community of seventeenth-century Europe and provides a detailed, modern analysis of the Meditations in its historical context. The book's chapters examine the arguments and positions of each of the objectors—Hobbes, Gassendi, Arnauld, Morin, Caterus, Bourdin, and others whose views were compiled by Mersenne. They illuminate Descartes' relationships to the scholastics and particularly the Jesuits, to Mersenne's circle with its debates about the natural sciences, to the Epicurean movements of his day, and to the Augustinian tradition. Providing a glimpse of the interactions among leading 17th-century intellectuals as they grappled with major philosophical issues, this book sheds light on how Descartes' thought developed and was articulated in opposition to the ideas of his contemporaries.
|Publisher:||University of Chicago Press|
|Product dimensions:||6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.00(d)|
About the Author
Roger Ariew is associate professor of philosophy and humanities at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.
Marjorie Grene is a professor emerita of philosophy at the University of California-Davis and adjunct professor of philosophy and science studies at the Virginia Polytechnic Institute.
Table of Contents
List of Abbreviations
Marjorie Grene, Roger Ariew.
1: The Place of the Objections in the Development of Cartesian Metaphysics
2: The First Objections
3: Caterus' Objections to God
4: Mersenne's Suggestion: Cartesian Meditation and the Mathematical Model
of Knowledge in the Seventeenth Century
5: J.-B. Morin and the Second Objections
6: Hobbes's Objections and Hobbes's System
7: Hobbes versus Descartes
8: Arnauld: From Ockhamism to Cartesianism
9: Occasionalism and the Question of Arnauld's Cartesianism
10: Divine Will and Mathematical Truth: Gassendi and Descartes on the
Status of the Eternal Truths
Margaret J. Osler
11: Pandora; or, Essence and Reference: Gassendi's Nominalist Objection and
Descartes' Realist Reply
Thomas M. Lennon
12: The Greatest Stumbling Block: Descartes' Denial of Real Qualities
13: Pierre Bourdin and the Seventh Objections