Design and Nature: Comparing Design in Nature with Science and Engineering

Design and Nature: Comparing Design in Nature with Science and Engineering

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WIT Press


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Design and Nature: Comparing Design in Nature with Science and Engineering

This book contains the proceedings of the First International Conference on Comparing Design in Nature with Science and Engineering, held September 10-12, 2002, in Udine, Italy.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781853129018
Publisher: WIT Press
Publication date: 08/28/2002
Series: Design in Nature Series
Pages: 460
Product dimensions: 6.30(w) x 9.06(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

Section 1Shape and form in engineering and nature
Optimal structural features in trees and their application in engineering3
Nature in growth of tree stems derived from ring analysis17
Integrating biological optimisation methods into engineering design process27
Designing tree-like engineering networks by mimicking evolution37
Scale transition in bone elasticity: a continuum micromechanics approach47
Constructal theory of organization in nature: dendritic flows, allometric laws and flight57
On the design of efficient micro air vehicles67
The evolution of the car: An investigation into product history. Similarities, contrasts and questions77
The importance of the microstructure of snow in nature and engineering87
Morphology of the pox viruses95
Experimental evidences for chaotic dynamics in the roar of the Cervus Elaphus corsicanus103
Section 2Solutions from nature
New procedure for designing optimised technical systems with use of biological objects115
Miniature attachment systems: exploring biological design principles123
Extending nature135
Natural hook-and-loop fasteners: anatomy, mechanical properties, and attachment force of the jointed hooks of the Galium aparine fruit151
Solutions derived from natural processes harmonising nature and material culture161
Section 3Design and sustainability studies
Urban evolution modelling: A macro quantum approach for Great Mendoza175
Thermodynamic concepts for sustainability studies185
A district oriented approach to energy analysis: a case study from the food industry191
Designing a DNA for adaptive architecture: a new built environment for social sustainability203
Design in nature from Pythagoras to Helmholtz to the Cantor musical array215
Section 4Nature and architectural design
Diversified longevity - an architecture of disengagement and localized production225
The 'curves of nature'--the organic inflections of modern regionalism and ecological architecture in an urbanising context235
Synthesis of form, structure and material--Design for a form-optimized lightweight membrane construction245
Text-tiles of in-formation: Drawing inspiration from the nature of things257
Theory and simulation of texture formation in chiral nematic liquid crystals: applications to biological fibrous composites265
A ghost image of the Colonia Guell church by Antoni Gaudi277
An analysis of structure design of storey-increase of certain building on natural foundation285
Nature and design in traditional Persian architecture291
Section 5Mechanics and thermodynamics in nature
Validation of the finite vortex model by analyzing unsteady aerodynamic experiments303
Computer modelling of multifingers hand driven by muscle activation and application to artificial upper-limb system313
Determination of the maximum force due to skull impact in fights between sheep of the Ovis aries species327
A general finite vortex model to describe unsteady aerodynamics in nature337
Liquid crystals thermography for technical and biomedical application347
The supramolecular structure of water355
Parametric identification of lower limbs during walking of a man361
Section 6Biomimetics and materials
Bionics and Ecodesign: how are materials used in nature, and what can thus be applied to sustainable product design?369
Biomimetic manufacturing of fibers379
Materials and structures of foods391
High speed impact of Nautilus nacre401
Section 7Vision in science and nature
Human vision principles supporting computer aided design411
Revealing the Parthenon's logos optikos421
The physical structure, optical mechanics and aesthetics of the peacock tail feathers435

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