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DESIGNS FOR STREET FRONTS, SUBURBAN HOUSES, AND COTTAGES
By M.F. Cummings, C.C. Miller
Dover Publications, Inc.Copyright © 1997 Dover Publications, Inc.
All rights reserved.
CORNICES AND WINDOW-CAPS FOR STREET FRONTS.
Fig. 1. Shows a cornice having trusses, which are moulded on the face and enriched with carved leaves and beads. Over the trusses are moulded modillions, and over the end trusses and modillions are end-blocks, having raised panels and surmounted by scrolls 4 inches thick. Between the trusses are panels, having mouldings at the top and bottom and sawed scrolls at the ends. Over the panels are dentils, sawed to a mould on the face. At A are the details of the cornice, comprising an elevation and section, and sections of the face of the trusses and modillions.
Fig. 2. Shows a cornice having trusses, fluted on the face, enriched at the foot and panelled at the top. Between the trusses are sunk panels in the frieze, and in these are raised blocks with balls in the centre. The end-blocks are panelled and enriched. Over the frieze panels are sawed dentils, 3 inches thick. At B are the details, comprising an elevation and section of the cornice, and a section of the trusses.
Fig. 3. Shows a cornice having sawed trusses with modillions placed over them. The end-block has sawed rosettes and top scrolls. The frieze is plain, and over it are plain dentils. At C is a section and elevation of the cornice and a section of the trusses.
Figs. 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9. Show elevations and sections of window caps.
The cornices shown at Figs. 1 and 2 are designed for buildings three stories in height, and the cornice shown at Fig. 3 is designed for a building two stories high. The end-blocks should be used where the cornice cannot extend around the building. The window-caps may be executed in stone, cast-iron, or wood; if of wood, they should be covered with tin on the top.
All details on this plate are drawn to a scale of ¾ of an inch to the foot; the designs are drawn to a scale of ¼ inch to the foot.
CORNICES FOR STREET FRONTS.
Fig. 1. Shows a cornice having enriched and moulded trusses, having moulded caps. The end-blocks are panelled and enriched, and have top scrolls. Between the trusses are moulded frieze panels, and over them are sawed modillions. At A is an elevation and section of cornice, side of modillions and section of trusses.
Fig. 2. Shows a cornice having trusses made of five thicknesses of plank. The foot leaves are sawed and have raised balls. The trusses have moulded caps and are enriched with carved rosettes. The end-blocks are fluted and have top scrolls. The frieze is panelled with raised mouldings, and over the panels are sawed dentils 3 inches thick. At B is an elevation and section of the cornice and a section of the trusses.
Fig. 3. Shows a cornice having modillion, and a sawed ornament in the frieze. At C are the details.
Fig. 4. Shows a cornice having sawed brackets, 6 inches thick, placed in pairs. At D are the details.
Fig. 5. Shows a cornice having brackets 6 inches thick, having turned drops, and raised panels. The frieze is panelled, and over it are plain dentils.
The cornices shown at Figs. 1 and 2 are designed for buildings three stories in height; those shown at Figs, 3, 4, and 5, for buildings two stories in height.
All designs in this plate are drawn to a scale of inch to the foot; the details are of an inch to the foot.
CORNICES AND DOORS FOR STREET FRONTS.
Fig. 1. Shows a cornice having carved and moulded trusses elaborately enriched. The end-blocks are carved and have top scrolls. Over the trusses are moulded modillions, and like modillions are placed over the frieze. The frieze is panelled and moulded, and rosettes are placed in the centre of the panels. Over the panels are dentils, and the cornice is formed into a pediment in the centre. At A is a section and elevation of the cornice, and at B are shown sections of the face of the trusses and modillions.
Fig. 2. Shows a cornice having moulded and enriched trusses, with caps. The end-blocks are panelled and enriched. The frieze is panelled, and in the panels are sawed chain ornaments. Over the panels are dentils and sawed modillions. At C is shown an elevation and section of the cornice, and at D sections of the trusses and modillions.
The cornices on this plate should be used in buildings which are four or more stories in height.
The cornices shown in Plates 1, 2, and 3, are designed for buildings having fronts of from 20 feet to 30 feet wide; those having the bold trusses should have one truss to each pier; those that are shown at Figs. 4 and 5, on Plate 2, should have the brackets placed from 3 feet to 5 feet apart. The pediment shown in Fig. 1, Plate 3, may be introduced with good effect in any of the designs of cornices shown.
Fig. 3, on Plate 3, shows a design for a doorway, having brick joints, moulded stone hood, and carved wood frame. This doorway would make an appropriate entrance for a chapel or church of moderate expense.
The details of the cornices on this plate are drawn to a scale of ¾ of an inch to the foot, and the doorway to a scale of ¼ inch to the foot. The designs of the cornices are also drawn inch to the foot.
DESIGNS FOR CORNICES OF BRICK.
On this plate are shown four designs of cornices to be constructed of plain or common brick. The upper moulded members of the cornices and balustrades should be of cut stone or of wood; if of wood, they should be tinned on the top.
Fig. 1. Shows an elevation and section of a cornice having brackets 8 inches thick, and between them are sunk panels. The balustrade is 8 inches thick, with openings made through it. At the corners of the building should be plain pilasters.
Fig. 2. Shows a cornice having corbel arches at the bottom, projecting 4 inches from the wall. The frieze has arched recesses 8 inches deep. The balustrade is pierced with square panels.
Fig. 3. Shows a cornice having blocks 8 inches on the face, and projecting as shown on the section. At the corners of the building are placed pilasters, cut into blocks by receiving every sixth course of brick. The balustrade is pierced with openings, with piers between them.
Fig. 4. Shows a cornice having a frieze formed of intersecting arches, terminating on corbels; under the arches are panels and above them are corbelled projections. The balustrade is plain. The cornices shown on this plate are drawn to a scale of ½ inch to a foot.
DESIGNS FOR SHOP OR STORE FRONTS.
Fig. 1. Has posts and lintels of wood or iron, chamfered at the corners, and the posts have vases and caps; those at the ends are also fluted in the centre. Brackets with panelled end-blocks are placed over the end-posts, and have top scrolls. The sills of the windows are moulded, and under them, and in the doors, are raised, chamfered and moulded panels. The details at A, show an elevation and section of the cornice, cap of centre-posts and section of sills and panels under the windows.
Fig. 2. Has panelled and enriched columns of cast-iron. The cornice and lintels may be of wood or iron. The cornice has enriched trusses over the end columns, and between them are modillions. The end-blocks are panelled and enriched. The door and window frames are arched and secured to the iron columns. The windows have moulded sills and panels under them. The details show sections and elevations of the cornice, columns, window-sills, and panels,—capital and enrichments of columns, and a side view of the modillions. This front should be used in a building possessing a good architectural character, and are of medium cost. Fig. 1, shows a front for a building of moderate expense.
The details on this plate are drawn to a scale of ¾ of an inch to the foot.
DESIGNS FOR STORE FRONTS.
Fig. 1. Shows a front having the end piers of stone cut into rustic blocks. The columns should be of cast-iron, and the lintels and cornice of cut stone. Over the end piers are trusses and panelled end-blocks. The frames or posts of the doors are placed back of the columns and piers. The top of the openings are arched, and the spandrels are enriched with carved work; also the panels in the doors. At A are shown the columns and piers in elevation, and at C a plan of the same.
Fig. 2. Shows a front which should be constructed of stone. The columns have moulded vases and caps; the frieze is arched, and over the openings are hood mouldings. The cornice is moulded and has end-blocks. The frames of the doors are attached to the stone piers. At D are sections of the piers and doors, and at B, elevations of the piers.
The details on this plate are drawn to a scale of ¾ of an inch to a foot.
DESIGN FOR STORE OR SHOP FRONT.
This front has end piers of stone, cut into rustic blocks having chamfered joints. The intermediate supports are of iron. The cornice may be of stone, iron, or wood; it has brackets over the piers and columns, and dentils between the brackets; in the centre of the front the cornice is formed into an arched pediment.
The window has arched lights, and small turned columns, with caps and vases, are placed in front of the sash-bars. The doors have enriched panels, and over them are moulded bars—moulded arched heads, springing from brackets, and arched headlights—and under the window are panels. A, shows a section of the cornice and upper part of the door openings; B, a section of the upper part of the window; C, an elevation of a portion of the front; D, the lower panels in the doors; E, a section of the posts, piers, doors, and window; and F, a section of the panels and sill under the window. This front should be used in a building having an elaborate exterior.
The details are drawn to a scale of ¾ of an inch to a foot.
DESIGNS FOR SHOP OR STORE FRONTS.
Figs. 1 and 2, show fronts which should be used in buildings possessing a substantial and solid appearance, and should be executed in stone. Fig. 1 has columns with caps and vases and chamfered corners. The openings are arched, and the arches are also chamfered. The cornice is simple and boldly moulded, and has plain brackets placed over the columns.
Fig. 2. Has columns fluted in front, and having caps and vases. The openings are arched at the top, and the arches have keys. The cornice consists of a few bold members, and raised and beveled panels placed in the frieze. The doors in both these designs should be hung to the stone; the columns are rebated for them. At A are the details of Fig. 1, and at B, those of Fig. 2.
The piers and posts of all store or shop fronts should rest on the foundation piers or wall, or on a stone sill course, unless the buildings are of wood.
The details are drawn to a scale of ¾ of an inch to a foot.
DESIGN FOR A FRONT ENTRANCE DOOR FOR A DWELLING-HOUSE.
Fig. 1. Shows an elevation of the doors and the finish connected with them. The side pilasters are moulded, and over them are carved and fluted trusses, supporting a moulded pediment cap. The headlight is arched, and the spandrils are panelled, and in the centre of the arch is a raised key.
The outside jambs of the doors are fluted, and have caps and vases; to these jambs the outer pair of doors are hung; these doors when opened, stand at right angles to the front of the building and form the sides of the vestibule. The ceiling of the vestibule is arched and paneled the same as the doors. The inner pair of doors are made like the outer ones, and have an arched headlight and moulded jambs and finish. The exterior details of this design should be executed in stone, but they may be of wood. A, is a plan of the doors and vestibule. B, an elevation of the exterior finish. C, a section through the vestibule, showing the arched and panelled ceiling.
Figs. 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7, show sections of front door stiles, panels and mouldings. Figs. 2, 3, and 4, are made of two thicknesses of plank; the others are of one thickness, and have the outside moulding planted on the face of the doors, and this moulding should extend around both upper and lower panels, forming them into one.
The details are drawn to a scale of ¾ of an inch to the foot.
DESIGNS FOR FRONT ENTRANCE DOORS FOR DWELLING-HOUSES.
Fig. 1. Shows an entrance having moulded jambs, arched and panelled frieze, and a moulded cap, supported by enriched and fluted brackets. There are two pair of doors at the entrance, as shown in the plan at D. The doors are hung to moulded jambs, and the sides and ceiling of the vestibule are panelled. Over each pair of doors is placed a moulded bar and an arched headlight. A shows an elevation of the cap, headlight, &c. B, a profile of the cap and trusses; and C, a section of the jambs and outside doors.
Fig. 2. Shows an entrance having doors with arched headlight with enriched spandrils. The cap or hood is of heavy projection, and is supported by brackets; the frieze is panelled, and over it is a pediment surmounted by rows and gable ornament. In front of the entrance is a platform with buttresses. E shows an elevation of the cap, and F, a profile of the same.
The details are drawn to a scale of ½ inch to a foot, and the elevations of the entrances and the plan at D, to a scale of ¼ inch to a foot.
DESIGNS FOR ENTRANCE DOORS TO DWELLING-HOUSES.
Fig. 1. Shows an elevation of an elaborate entrance doorway, having panelled pilasters supporting an arched and panelled frieze, and an arched pediment cap, having enriched trusses, and between them sawed dentils and a key of sawed work. The cap has a scroll at the top and the pilasters have a moulding placed in their panels, and sawed work in their caps. The outside jambs and arched soffit have raised and moulded pieces planted on their plain surface. The door jambs and their arched soffit are moulded and have a moulded outside architrave. The bar over the doors is ornamented with balls, and the headlight is arched. A shows a section of the cap and soffits; B, an elevation of the exterior details; C, an elevation of the key, and D, a section of the same; and E, an elevation and section of the scroll on top of the cap. This design may be executed in stone or wood, and should be used in a building having an elaborate front.
Fig. 2. Is a doorway having an arched cap supported by casted trusses. The jambs have small turned columns, and between these are panels formed by raised mouldings. At the bottom of the doorway, on each side, are buttress blocks, which would rest on the platform of the stoop. The bar over the doors is moulded the same as the caps of the small columns of the jambs. F shows an elevation; H, a section; and C, a plan of the jambs and doors.
The details are drawn to a scale of ¾ of an inch to a foot.
DESIGNS FOR BELT-COURSES, RUSTIC QUOINS, STRING-COURSES, BASEMENT FRONTS, AND WINDOW FINISH.
Fig. 1. Shows rustic quoins applied to a front in connection with a belt course, and the cut stone work of the basement. The quoins are alternately long and short, and have chamfered joints. The string-course, or belt, is moulded, and terminates at a moulded and fluted end-block placed over the quoins. At A are the details of this design. The water-table and bare-course are moulded, and in the ashlar are placed windows of a semicircular form.
Excerpted from DESIGNS FOR STREET FRONTS, SUBURBAN HOUSES, AND COTTAGES by M.F. Cummings, C.C. Miller. Copyright © 1997 Dover Publications, Inc.. Excerpted by permission of Dover Publications, Inc..
All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.
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Table of Contents
PLATE 1. - CORNICES AND WINDOW-CAPS FOR STREET FRONTS.,
PLATE 2. - CORNICES FOR STREET FRONTS.,
PLATE 3. - CORNICES AND DOORS FOR STREET FRONTS.,
PLATE 4. - DESIGNS FOR CORNICES OF BRICK.,
PLATE 5. - DESIGNS FOR SHOP OR STORE FRONTS.,
PLATE 6. - DESIGNS FOR STORE FRONTS.,
PLATE 7. - DESIGN FOR STORE OR SHOP FRONT.,
PLATE 8. - DESIGNS FOR SHOP OR STORE FRONTS.,
PLATE 9. - DESIGN FOR A FRONT ENTRANCE DOOR FOR A DWELLING-HOUSE.,
PLATE 10. - DESIGNS FOR FRONT ENTRANCE DOORS FOR DWELLING-HOUSES.,
PLATE 11. - DESIGNS FOR ENTRANCE DOORS TO DWELLING-HOUSES.,
PLATE 12. - DESIGNS FOR BELT-COURSES, RUSTIC QUOINS, STRING-COURSES, BASEMENT FRONTS, AND WINDOW FINISH.,
PLATE 13. - DESIGNS FOR THE EXTERIOR FINISH OF WINDOWS.,
PLATE 14. - DESIGNS FOR WINDOW-CAPS AND OUTSIDE FINISH FOR WINDOWS.,
PLATE 15. - DESIGN OF BUILDING APPROPRIATE FOR TWO BANKING HOUSES OR INSURANCE OFFICES.,
PLATE 16. - DESIGNS FOR THREE STORES, EACH TWENTY FEET FRONT.,
PLATE 17. - ELEVATIONS OF STREET FRONTS OF DWELLING-HOUSES.,
PLATE 18. - ELEVATIONS OF STREET FRONTS FOR DWELLING-HOUSES AND STORES.,
PLATE 19. - ELEVATIONS OF STREET FRONTS FOR STORES.,
PLATES 21, 22, AND 23,,
PLATE 24. - DESIGNS FOR CORNICES FOR STREET FRONTS AND FOR SUBURBAN BUILDINGS.,
PLATE 25. - CORNICES DESIGNED FOR VILLAS AND SUBURBAN RESIDENCES.,
PLATE 26. - CONTINUATION OF DESIGNS FOR CORNICES OF VILLAS, SUBURBAN AND COUNTRY HOUSES.,
PLATE 27. - DESIGNS FOR CORNICES, CURVED OR FRENCH ROOFS, AND DORMER WINDOWS.,
PLATE 28. - DESIGN FOR CORNICE, CURVED ROOF, AND DORMER WINDOW.,
PLATE 29. - DESIGNS OF GABLE ORNAMENTS AND VERGE-BOARDS.,
PLATE 31. - DESIGNS FOR WINDOW-CAPS.,
PLATE 32. - PORCHES.,
PLATE 33. - DESIGNS FOR PORCHES.,
PLATE 35. - PIAZZAS.,
PLATE 37. - CANOPIES FOR WINDOWS OR DOORS.,
PLATE 38. - DESIGNS FOR AN ENTRANCE DOOR, BAY WINDOW, AND DOOR-CAPS.,
PLATE 39. - DESIGNS FOR BAY WINDOWS.,
PLATE 40. - DESIGNS FOR OBSERVATORIES.,
PLATE 42. - DESIGNS FOR BALCONIES, DORMER WINDOWS, GABLE SCROLLS, &C.,
PLATE 44. - DESIGNS FOR STAIR NEWELS. BALUSTERS, STAIR BRACKETS, AND SECTION OF RAIL FOR STAIRS.,
PLATE 46. - SECTIONS OF WINDOW-FRAMES, SASH, AND INSIDE SHUTTERS, OR BLINDS.,
PLATE 49. - ELEVATIONS. THREE VILLAS, OR SUBURBAN RESIDENCES.,
PLATE 50. - FRONT ELEVATIONS OF SUBURBAN OR COUNTRY HOUSES.,
PLATE 51. - FRONT ELEVATION OF SUBURBAN OR COUNTRY HOUSES.,
PLATE 52. - FRONT ELEVATIONS OF SUBURBAN OR COUNTRY HOUSES.,