ISBN-10:
1405183373
ISBN-13:
9781405183376
Pub. Date:
05/24/2010
Publisher:
Wiley
Developing a Healthcare Research Proposal: An Interactive Student Guide / Edition 1

Developing a Healthcare Research Proposal: An Interactive Student Guide / Edition 1

by Maxine Offredy, Peter Vickers

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781405183376
Publisher: Wiley
Publication date: 05/24/2010
Pages: 292
Product dimensions: 6.70(w) x 9.50(h) x 0.80(d)

About the Author

Maxine Offredy is Reader in Primary Healthcare,University of Hertfordshire

Peter Vickers is Visiting Fellow, University ofHertfordshire

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Table of Contents

Preface ix

Introduction xi

What is research? xii

Being a researcher xiii

Who's who in the world of healthcare research? xvi

The importance of research to healthcare xxi

How to use this book and the accompanying web program xxiii

The web program xxvi

Summary xxx

1 Research and Allied Concepts 1

Introduction 1

What is research? 2

What is clinical audit? 6

Service evaluation 10

Issues to consider when undertaking research, audit and service evaluation 13

Evidence-based practice 13

Clinical effectiveness 14

Summary 18

2 Philosophical Assumptions 21

Introduction 21

Philosophical assumptions of qualitative research 22

Some major characteristics of qualitative research 24

Philosophical assumptions of quantitative research 27

Some major characteristics of quantitative research 29

Using mixed methods in research 31

Summary 33

3 The Research Proposal: Developing the Research Question 37

Introduction 37

Developing the research question 37

Questions arising from the patient's condition 38

Finding the answers to your questions 42

Types of research questions 47

Clarification of the research question 49

Summary 52

4 The Research Proposal: Searching and Reviewing the Literature 54

Introduction 54

Steps in searching the literature 55

How to undertake a literature search 56

Hierarchy of evidence 58

Reviewing the literature 61

Scenario 69

Summary 72

5 The Research Proposal: Research Design 74

Introduction 74

The focus of a research study 75

Research paradigms 79

Samples 80

Quantitative research 80

Qualitative research 86

Summary 105

6 The Research Proposal: Ethics in Research 108

Introduction 108

Introduction to ethics 108

Research governance 127

Summary 128

7 The Research Proposal: Selecting Participants 131

Introduction 131

What is a sample? 131

Why use a sample? 132

Probability and non-probability 133

Types of probability sample 135

Types of non-probability sample 137

The size of samples 140

Eligibility criteria 147

Summary 148

8 The Research Proposal: Collecting Data 152

Introduction 152

Collecting data 153

Quantitative research - data collection 154

Qualitative research - data collection 163

Summary 175

9 The Research Proposal: Analysing Data 178

Introduction 178

Quantitative data analysis 179

Data analysis 189

Statistical tests 191

Qualitative data analysis 197

Summary 208

10 The Research Proposal: Communicating Research Findings 211

Introduction 211

Writing a research report 212

Writing for publication 216

Issues associated with healthcare professionals and publication 222

Presenting at conferences 224

Summary 233

11 The Research Proposal: Current Research Issues in Healthcare 235

Introduction 235

Ethics 237

Funding issues 244

Vested interests regarding the process and the reporting of research 246

The politicisation of research 247

The implementation of research findings 247

Problem-solving 250

Summary 252

Index 255

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