Tsunamis remain an ever-present threat to lives and property along the coasts of most of the world’s oceans. Because of the geographical extent of U.S. coastlines, an earthquake in Alaska can generate a local tsunami for Alaskans and, hours later, a distant tsunami for communities in Hawaii and along the Pacific Coast . This volume chronicles the development and accomplishments of a joint State/Federal partnership that was forged to reduce tsunami hazards along U.S. coastlines – the National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program. By integrating hazard assessment, warning guidance, and mitigation activities, the program has created a roadmap and a set of tools to develop communities more resilient to local and distant tsunamis. Among the set of tools are tsunami forecasting, educational experiments, early alerting systems, and design guidance for tsunami-resilient communities. Part of this book has already been published in a recent journal issue.
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About the Author
Eddie Bernard has served as Director of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL) since 1982, where he leads a staff of 175 scientists, engineers, and technical support specialists in oceanographic research related to El Ninos, fisheries/ climate interactions, impact of underwater volcanoes on the oceans, and tsunami. Since receiving his Ph.D. in physical oceanography in 1976, he has published over 70 scientific/technical articles on tsunamis and other oceanographic topics. During his 34 year career in NOAA, he has also sailed on oceanographic research vessels and directed the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center. In 1997 he was elected the first Chair of the National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program- a five state, three agency partnership to reduce the impact of tsunamis on US coastlines. In 2002 he received the prestigious Presidential Rank Award from President Bush for his exceptional service to the public.
Table of Contents
The U.S. National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program: A Successful State—Federal Partnership.- The NTHMP Tsunameter Network.- Real-Time Tsunami Forecasting: Challenges and Solutions.- The Seismic Project of the National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program.- Impact of the National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program on Operations of the Richard H. Hagemeyer Pacific Tsunami Warning Center.- Progress in NTHMP Hazard Assessment.- Local Tsunami Warning in the Pacific Coastal United States.- Planning for Tsunami-Resilient Communities.- The Role of Education in the National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program.- Planning for Tsunami: Reducing Future Losses Through Mitigation.- NOAA Weather Radio (NWR) — A Coastal Solution to Tsunami Alert and Notification.- Measuring Tsunami Preparedness in Coastal Washington, United States.