In this fourth part of his general work on syntax, published in 1879, Berthold Delbrück (1842-1922), the German scholar remembered for his contribution to the study of the syntax in Indo-European languages (his three-volume Vergleichende Syntax der indogermanischen Sprachen is also reissued in this series), concentrates on the syntax of ancient Greek. His focus is deliberately broad as he seeks to engage classicists who are interested in linguistics or in how the Greek language was actually used, rather than in highly specialised case studies. In twelve chapters, Delbrück guides the reader through the gender and case of nouns, and explains some features seen as peculiarities of Homeric Greek which in fact demonstrate its kinship as an Indo-European language with the Vedic language of the Hindu scriptures. He also covers the tenses and moods of verbs, prepositions, pronouns and particles, and word order.
Table of Contents
Vorrede; Einleitendes; 1. Genus der Substantiva; 2. Die Numeri; 3. Die Casus; 4. Die Adjectiva; 5. Das Augment und die Genera des Verbums; 6. Die Tempora; 7. Die Modi; 8. Das verbum infinitum; 9. Die Präpositionem; 10. Welche Pronomina sind im Griechischen proethnisch; 11. Einmal gesetzte postpositive Partikeln; 12. Wortstellung.