In this thesis, the author develops new high-power millimeter-wave techniques for measuring the hyperfine structure of Positronium (Ps-HFS) directly for the first time. Indirect measurement of Ps-HFS reported in the literature might have systematic uncertainties related to the use of a static magnetic field. Development of the millimeter-wave devices supports the precise determination of Ps-HFS by directly measuring the Breit Wigner resonant transition from o-Ps to p-Ps without the magnetic field.At the same time, the width of the measured Breit-Wigner resonance directly provides the lifetime of p-Ps. This measurement is the first precise spectroscopic experiment involving the magnetic dipole transition and high-power millimeter waves. The development of a gyrotron and a Fabry-Pérot cavity is described and provides an effective power of over 20 kW, which is required for the direct transition from o-Ps to p-Ps. Those values measured by the newly developed millimeter-wave device pave the way for examining the discrepancy observed between conventional indirect experiments on Ps-HFS and the theoretical predictions of Quantum Electrodynamics.
About the Author
Dr. Akira Miyazaki
Department of Physics, The University of Tokyo firstname.lastname@example.org
Table of Contents
Introduction.- Experiment.- Analysis.- Discussion.- Conclusion.-Appendix A. Gyrotron Theory.-Appendix B. Theory of Positron Acceleration.- Appendix C. Data Summary.- Appendix D. Small Systematic Uncertainties.