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Disaster Policy and Politics: Emergency Management and Homeland Security

Disaster Policy and Politics: Emergency Management and Homeland Security

by Richard T. Sylves

Paperback(Third edition)

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Available for Pre-Order. This item will be available on March 5, 2019

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781506368689
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Publication date: 03/05/2019
Edition description: Third edition
Pages: 632
Product dimensions: 7.37(w) x 9.12(h) x (d)

About the Author

Richard Sylves is professor of political science at the University of Delaware. He has served on a National Academy of Science, National Research Council panel, and he has done funded and unfunded research for FEMA. He served three years as an appointed member of the National Academy of Science Disaster Roundtable. His books include The Nuclear Oracles; Disaster Management in the United States and Canada: Politics, Policy, Administration, Study and Instruction of Emergency Management; Cities and Disaster: North American Studies in Emergency Management (with William Waugh); and Homeland Security and Emergency Management: A Public Budgeting Perspective.

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1: Disaster Management in the United States
The Montecito Debris Flow Disaster
The Fundamentals
Emergency Management as a Profession
Disasters as a Field of Scientific Research
Presidential Disaster Declarations
Fundamental Challenges of Emergency Management
Phases of Emergency Management
Summary
Key Terms
CHAPTER 2: Theories and Approaches of Public Policy and Management Helpful in Disaster Studies
Normative Political Theories
The Role of Theory in Emergency Management
Theory in Disaster Recovery
Knowledge Codification and Knowledge Diffusion Issues
Big Data Analytics and Emergency Management
Summary
Key Terms
CHAPTER 3: A Short History of U.S. Disaster Policy
The Cold War and the Rise of Civil Defense
Nationwide Emergency Management
The Birth of the Federal Emergency Management Agency
Disaster Declaration Issues
Changes in Disaster Law, Policy, and Public Relations From Reagan to Clinton
All-Hazards Management
The 9/11 Attack Remakes U.S. Disaster Management
Summary
Key Terms
CHAPTER 4: Presidential Declarations of Major Disaster or Emergency
The U.S. Constitution and Emergency Powers of the President
The "Policies" and Laws That Established Presidential Disaster Declarations
The "Programs" of Federal Emergency Management
The President's "Power" to Decide
The Significance of Post-9/11 Changes
The "Politics" of Presidential Declarations
"Paying" for Presidential Disaster Declarations
Summary
Key Terms
CHAPTER 5: The Role of Research, Science, and Engineering
Researching Hazards and Disasters
Disaster Researchers Compete for Government Funding
Social Sciences and Emergency Management
The Science Informs the Policy and Politics of Disasters
Public Infrastructure Policy
Summary
Key Terms
CHAPTER 6: Intergovernmental Program Management
Organization of the Chapter
Intergovernmental Program Management
The Frameworks and the National Incident Management System
Intergovernmental Disaster Management Challenges
Government Contractors and Disaster Management
Summary
Key Terms
CHAPTER 7: Civil-Military Relations and National Security
Civil Defense to Homeland Security
The Military's Role in Disaster Response and Recovery Efforts
The Military, Homeland Security, and Disaster Policy
The National Guard, the U.S. Armed Forces, and Posse Comitatus
Homeland Security Supplements National Security
State Homeland and Security Grants
Operation Stonegarden
Homeland Security Grants and Their Effects at the Local Level
The Emergency Management Performance Grant Program
Replacement of the USA Patriot Act of 2001
The Homeland Security Advisory System
Summary
Key Terms
CHAPTER 8: Globalization of Disasters
The U.S. Response System for Territories and Foreign States
Emergency Management in Other Nations
The United Nations and International Disaster Relief
U.S. Domestic Disaster Relief versus the U.S. International Relief System
FEMA vs OFDA
A Case Study: Borderline Disaster: U.S. and Canadian Disasters and Emergencies 1994-2013
The U.S. System of Federal Emergency Management
Canadian Government System of Federal Emergency Management
Bi-Lateral U.S.-Canada Emergency Management Agreements in Brief
Explaining Appdenix 8-1
U.S.-Canada Case Conclusions
Summary
Key Terms
CHAPTER 9: Hurricanes Harvey, Irma, and Maria: U.S. Disaster Management Challenged
Impact and Declarations: Hurricane Harvey
Impact and Declarations: Hurricane Irma
Impact and Declarations: Hurricane Maria
Immediate and Short-Term Response
Recovery
Problems
Comparisons
Lessons Learned
Conclusion
Key Terms
CHAPTER 10: Conclusions and the Future
What Has Happened to Federal Emergency Management?
The Hawaii Nuclear Attack Alert SNAFU and Its Implications
Chapter Take-Aways
Key Terms
Appendix A
Appendix B