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Disaster Risk Reduction: Cases from Urban Africa
     

Disaster Risk Reduction: Cases from Urban Africa

by Mark Pelling, Ben Wisner, Anna Kajumulo Tibaijuka
 

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ISBN-10: 1844075567

ISBN-13: 9781844075560

Pub. Date: 01/28/2009

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Published with ProVention Consortium, UNDP and UN-Habitat

'This excellent book is essential reading for those concerned with urban risk and its reduction in Africa, the most rapidly urbanizing region of the world.'
Professor Jo Beall, Development Studies Institute, London School of Economics

'At last a book that recognizes the impacts of disasters on

Overview

Published with ProVention Consortium, UNDP and UN-Habitat

'This excellent book is essential reading for those concerned with urban risk and its reduction in Africa, the most rapidly urbanizing region of the world.'
Professor Jo Beall, Development Studies Institute, London School of Economics

'At last a book that recognizes the impacts of disasters on Africa's 350 million urban dwellers, including the many disasters that get overlooked and go unrecorded. But also a book that, through careful case studies, shows what creates disaster risk and what local measures can be taken to address it.'
David Satterthwaite, International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED).

'This innovative volume combines the latest conceptualisations of urban disaster risk and vulnerability with case studies from across the African continent on how existing and innovative information can inform efforts to address the problems. Coverage ranges from the major catastrophes of news headlines to small, everyday disasters with which poor urban residents have to cope in their survival strategies. Written by international authorities and local specialists, this extremely useful book should find a place in the hands of academics and practitioners alike.'
Professor David Simon, Department of Geography, Royal Holloway, University of London

This is a one-of-a-kind book packed with original research and offering an innovative way of thinking about the reduction of risk in rapidly urbanizing cities across the globe. It is a must-have for professionals, researchers and policy makers.
The book addresses four inter-related themes critical for urban risk reduction: environment; livehood; urban governance and the generation of urban risks. Its focus is on Africa, the most rapidly urbanizing world region, but it illustrates global processes. Part one reviews development, urbanization and disaster risk in Africa as a whole, identifies state-of-the-art practices and policies for building urban resilience and provides a tool kit for urban risk reduction. It also presents a powerful conceptual framework to analyse and compare disaster risk and resilience in different cities and communities. Part two presents detailed case studies from Algeria, Ghana, Senegal, Kenya, Tanzania and South Africa illustrating vulnerability to hazards ranging from earthquake to shack fire, environmental health hazards, traffic hazards and flooding. Part three looks to the future and outlines a vision for a safer urban Africa based on achieving gains in human security through inclusive governance and investment in the creative capacities of Africa's urban dwellers.

With foreword by Anna Tibaijuka, Executive Director, UN-HABITAT

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781844075560
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
01/28/2009
Edition description:
1
Pages:
240
Product dimensions:
6.25(w) x 9.25(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents

List of boxes, figures and tables ix

List of acronyms and abbreviations xiii

Foreword Anna Tibaijuka xv

Part I Urbanization and Disaster Risk Reduction in Africa

1 Urbanization, Human Security and Disaster Risk in Africa Mark Pelling Ben Wisner 3

Why Care about Urban Risk in Africa? 6

Conceptualizing Urbanization, Human Security and Disaster Risk 8

Structure of the Book 10

References 16

2 African Cities of Hope and Risk Ben Wisner Mark Pelling 17

Introduction: Urbanization in Africa 17

Hazards and Disasters in African Cities 25

The Continuum of Urban Risk in Africa 32

The Accumulation of Risk: Processes that Expose People to Hazard Impact and Make Recovery Difficult 34

Approaches to Urban Safety 37

Summary and Conclusions 39

References 40

3 Reducing Urban Disaster Risk in Africa Mark Pelling Ben Wisner 43

Introduction 43

Options for Disaster Risk Reduction 46

Techniques for Urban Disaster Risk Reduction 48

Conclusions 59

References 59

Part II Case Studies of Urban Disaster Risk in Africa

4 Integrated Disaster Risk and Environmental Health Monitoring: Greater Accra Metropolitan Area, Ghana Jacob Songsore J. S. Nabila Yvon Yangyuoru Sebastian Avle E. K. Bosque-Hamilton Paulina E. Amponsab Osman Alhassan 65

Introduction 65

Methods 69

Environmental Change and the Distribution of Risks and Hazards 69

Some Illustrative Results of the Study 73

Policy Issues 81

References 82

5 Road Traffic Accidents as an Everyday Hazard: Kisii and Kisumu, Kenya Andre Yitambe James Okello C. M. Ooko Nguka Caroline Ochieng Ana Pena del Valle 87

Introduction 87

Urbanization in Kenya 88

Disasters in Kenya 90

Case Study: RTAs inWestern Kenya 93

Summary of Findings 98

Discussion 99

Conclusions 102

References 103

6 Fire Risk in Informal Settlements in Cape Town, South Africa Robyn Pharoah 105

A City of Contrasts 106

Cape Town's Developmental Context 108

The Accumulation of Risk in Informal Settlements 110

Fire Risk in Informal Settlements 112

The MANDISA Project 114

Conclusions 123

References 124

7 Building Disaster-Resilient Communities: Dar es Salaam, Tanzania Robert B. Kiunsi John Lupala with Fred Lerise Manoris Meshack Benedict Malele Ally Namangaya Emanuel Mchome 127

Introduction 127

Risk Accumulation 127

Risk Accumulation Processes in Dar es Salaam 132

Disaster Risk Reduction 135

Case Studies 135

Emerging Issues and Coping Strategies 138

Discussion and Conclusions 145

References 145

8 History, Governance and the Millennium Development Goals: Flood Risk Reduction in Saint-Louis, Senegal Khady Diagne Abdoulaye Ndiaye 147

Introduction 147

Risk Accumulation and Local Governance 150

Flood-Related Disaster Risk and Risk Reduction Measures 156

Four Case Studies of Local Governance Applied to Flood Risk

Reduction in Saint-Louis 159

Conclusions and Recommendations 164

Note 166

References 166

9 Disaster Risk Reduction in Algiers, Algeria Djillali Benouar Yamina Ait Meziane 169

Introduction 169

Risk Accumulation 170

Earthquake Disaster Risk and its Reduction 179

Conclusions and Recommendations 181

Annex: Estimation of the Earthquake Vulnerability Functions of Masonry Constructions in the City of Algiers 183

References 191

Part III A Vision for a Safer Urban Africa

10 Towards a Safer Urban Future: Conclusions and Recommendations Djillali Benouar Khady Diagne Robert Kiunsi Jacob Songsore Mark Pelling Robyn Pharoah Ben Wisner Abdoulaye Ndiaye Andre Yitambe 195

Science, Politics and Constrained Action 195

Twin Challenges for Governance in Urban Risk Reduction 197

Specific Conclusions and Recommendations 200

A Final Word 209

References 210

Author Biographies 211

Index 215

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