Sociology is a discipline of curious minds. What key social forces construct and transform our lives as individuals and as members of society? How does our social world shape us? How do we shape our world?
Join Bill Chambliss and Daina S. Eglitis as they journey beyond the classroom to help students answer these questions with their groundbreaking new text, Discover Sociology. Chambliss and Eglitis inspire curiosity about the social world and empower students by providing the theoretical, conceptual, and empirical tools they need to understand, analyze, and even change the world in which they live. Every chapter in the book integrates robust pedagogical features and empirical research that illuminate the social roots of diverse phenomena and institutions, ranging from poverty and deviance to capitalism and the nuclear family. From exploring whether the use of “study drugs” should be considered cheating to an examination of research showing a correlation between rising student debt and declining rates of marriage, the book’s chapter openers engage students in real-life applications of sociology. Going beyond theory and concepts, the authors also help answer the question, “What can I do with a sociology degree?”
|Edition description:||Second Edition|
|Product dimensions:||8.90(w) x 10.80(h) x 1.00(d)|
About the Author
William J. Chambliss, professor of sociology at The George Washington University, was a critical sociological theorist whose research has ranged broadly from studies of law creation and the legal system to participant observation studies of juvenile gangs, organized crime, policing, and the impact of social movements on political and economic change. He served as president of the American Society of Criminology and the Society for the Study of Social Problems. He has received numerous awards for his research and teaching, including the prestigious Edwin H. Sutherland Award from the American Society of Criminology, the Lifetime Achievement Award from the American Sociological Association, the Bruce Smith Lifetime Achievement Award from the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, the PASS Award from the National Council on Crime and Delinquency, and the Lifetime Achievement Award from the Sociology of Law Section of the American Sociological Association. He has authored and edited over 35 books in sociology, criminology and criminal justice and numerous articles in social science journals.
Daina S. Eglitis is an associate professor of sociology and international affairs and director of the undergraduate program in the Department of Sociology at The George Washington University. Her research highlights sociological dimensions of change in the post-communist world, with a particular focus on stratification, poverty, and gender. She has been the recipient of Fulbright, IREX, and Open Society awards and is the author of several articles and a book on post-communist social change. She also writes for and about teaching in the undergraduate classroom and is the author of the article, “The Uses of Global Poverty: How Inequality Benefits the West,” and the Teaching Sociology article, “Performing Theory: Dramatic Learning in the Theory Classroom.”
Table of Contents
1: Discovering Sociology2: Discovering Sociological Research3: Culture4: Socialization and Social Interaction5: Groups, Organizations, and Bureaucracies When Groups Think... Groupthink The Nature of Groups The Power of Groups The Effects of Size Types of Group Leadership Conformity to Groups Economic, Cultural and Social Capital of Groups Organizations Types of Formal Organizations Voluntary Associations Bureaucracies Max Weber’s Ideal Type Bureaucracies: A Critical Evaluation Bureaucracy and Democracy The Global Organization International Governmental Organizations International Nongovernmental Organizations Why Study Groups and Organizations?6: Deviance and Social Control A Suspicious Guy What is Deviant Behavior? How Do Sociologists Explain Deviance? Biological Perspectives Functionalist Perspectives Conflict Perspectives Symbolic Interactionist Perspectives Types of Deviance Everyday Deviance Sexual Deviance Deviance of the Powerful Criminal Deviance Social Control of Deviance Informal Social Control Formal Social Control and Criminal Deviance Why Study Deviance?7: Class and Inequality The Nouveau Poor Stratification in Traditional and Modern Societies Caste Societies Class Societies Sociological Building Blocks of Stratification and Social Class Income Wealth Occupation Status Political Voice Why Does Stratification Exist and Persist in Class Societies? The Functionalist Perspective The Social Conflict Explanation Class and Inequality in the United States: Dimensions and Trends Income Inequality Wealth Inequality Other Gaps: Inequalities In Health Care, Health, and Access to Consumer Goods Why Has Inequality Grown? At The Bottom of the Ladder: Poverty in the United States Global Inquality Dimensions of Global Inequality Theoretical Perspectives on Global Inequality Applying the Theories: The Case of Nigerian Oil Wealth Sociology and You: Why Study Inequality?8: Race & Ethnicity A Dream Deferred The Social Construction of Race, Ethnicity, and Minorities Race Ethnicity Minorities Minority and Dominant Group Relations Expulsion Segregation Assimilation and Cultural Pluralism Theoretical Approaches To Race, Ethnicity, and Racism The Functionalist Perspective The Conflict Perspective The Symbolic Interactionist Perspective Prejudice and Discrimination Technologies of Discrimination Prison, Politics, and Power Consequences of Prejudice and Discrimination: Race and Health Racial and Ethnic Groups in the United States American Indians African Americans Latinos/Latinas Asian Americans Arab Americans White Americans Race and Ethnicity in a Global Perspective Why Study Race and Ethnicity From a Sociological Perspective?9: Gender and Society Where the Boys Are (Not) Sociological Concepts of Sex and Gender Cosntructing Gendered Selves Agent Number One: The Family Gender Among Friends: Peer Influences Media Power: Reflecting and Reinforcing Gender Gender in the Classroom: Schools and Socialization The SAT Exam: Why Do Boys Outscore Girls? Doing Gender Gender and U.S. Society Gender and Family Life Gender and Higher Education Gender and Economics: Men, Women, and the Gender Wage Gap Men, Women, and Workplace Promotion: Glass Ceilings and Glass Escalators Sexual Harassment Classical Theories and Feminist Thinking Classical Sociological Approaches to Gender Contemporary U.S. Feminist Thinking on Gender Feminist Perspectives on Doing Sociology Toward A Sociology of Masculinity Gender in a Global Perspective Mothers and Children: The Threat of Maternal Mortality The Price of (Being) A Girl Change Happens Why Should We Study Gender From a Sociological Perspective?10: Families and Society The Drag of Debt: Student Loans and Family Formation Today Some Concepts Sociologists Use To Study Families Families and the Work of Raising Children Theoretical Perspectives on Families The Functionalist Perspective on the Family The Feminist Approach: A Conflict Perspective…and Beyond U.S. Families Today and Yesterday Marriage, Divorce, and Family in the Modern United States Gay Marriage…and Divorce Immigration and Family Patterns America’s First Nations: Native American Families Deaf Culture and Family Life Socioeconomic Class and Family in the United States Social Class and Childrearing Economy, Culture, and Family Formation Family Life in the Middle Class Violence and the Family Globalization and Its Impact on Families International Families and the Global Woman Why Study Family Through a Sociological Lens?11: Education and Society A College Dropout Boom? Education, Industrialization, and the "Credential Society " Theoretical Perspectives on Eduation The Functionalist Perspective The Conflict Perspective The Symbolic Interactionist Perspective Education, Opportunity, and Inequality Illiteracy and Word Poverty: the Childhood Challenge School Segregation Living in the Past?: The U.S. School Calendar in Modern Society Education, Income, and Poverty Issues in U.S. Higher Education College and Income Internships and Higher Education Dropping In, Dropping Out: Why Are College Dropout Rates So High? Education in a Global Perspective Higher Education and Job Opportunities U.S. Students Meet the World Why Study Education From a Sociological Perspective?12: Religion and Society I Pledge Allegiance... How Do Sociologists Study Religion? Theoretical Perspectives on Religion and Society The Classical View: Religion, Society, and Secularization Contemporary Sociological Theory and the “Religious Economy” Perspective Types of Religious Organizations Church Sect Cult The Great World Religions Christianity Islam Judaism Hinduism Buddhism Confucianism Women and Religion Religion in the United States Trends in Religious Affiliation Religion and Disestablishment “Civil Religion” in the United States Is Consumption a U.S. Religion? Worshipping at the Cathedrals of Consumption Religion and Global Societies Why Should Sociologists Study Religion?13: The State, Politics, and Power Elections and the Youth Vote The Modern State The Welfare State Political Rights and Civil Liberties Theories of State Power The Functionalist Perspective and Pluralist Theory The Conflict Perspective and Class Dominance Theory Power and Authority Traditional Authority Rational-Legal Authority Charismatic Authority Forms of Governance in the Modern World Authoritarianism Totalitarianism Democracy The U.S. Political System Electoral Politics and the Two-Party System Voter Activism and Apathy in U.S. Politics Power and Politics Social Movements and Politics Contradictions in Modern Politics: Democracy and Capitalism Why Study Politics Through a Sociological Lens?14: Work, Consumption and the Economy The Low-Wage U.S. Labor Foce The Economy in Historical Perspective The Agricultural Revolution and Agricultural Societ The Industrial Revolution and Industrial Society The Information Revolution and Post-Industrial Society Types of Economic Systems Capitalism A Case of Capitalism in Practice: A Critical Perspective Socialism and Communism A Case of Socialism in Practice: A Critical Perspective Working On and Off the Books The Formal Economy The Informal or Underground Economy in the U.S. Consumers, Consumption, and the U.S. Economy The Means of Consumption A Historical Perspective on Consumption Credit: Debt and More Debt Globalization and the New Economic Order Global Economic Interdependence A Global Market for Labor Is the Future of the Global Economy Green? Why Study Economic Systems and Trends?15: Health and Medicine The Rise of "Study Drug" Use Among U.S. Students Cultural Definitions of Health and Illness The Sick Role The Social Construction of Illness Health, Safety, and Healthcare in the United States Health and Public Safety Issues Social Inequality in Health and Medicine Access to Health Care Sociology and Issues of Public Health in the United States Smoking Obesity Teen Pregnancy and Births Developing a Sociology of HIV/AIDS Gender and HIV/AIDS Poverty and HIV/AIDS Violence and HIV/AIDS Global Issues in Health and Medicine Why Should Sociologists Study Health?16: War, Terror, and Genocide Modern War: A Syrian Story War and Society A Functionalist Perspective on War A Conflict Perspective on War Rape as a Weapon of War Terrorists and Terrorism Today Who is a Terrorist? What is Terrorism? Genocide: The Mass Destruction of Community and Society What Explains Genocide? Modernization and Mass Murder Why Should Sociologists Study War?17: Population, Urbanization, and the Environment Demographic Dilemma: Where are the Girls? Global Population Growth Demography and Demographic Analysis Theory of the First Demographic Transition Is a Second Demographic Transition Occurring in the West? Malthus and Marx: How Many People are Too Many? Malthus: Overpopulation and Natural Limits Simon: A Modern Critic Takes on Malthus Marx: Overpopulation or Maldistribution of Wealth? Malthus, Marx, and Modernity Urbanization The Rise of Industry and Early Cities Sociologists and the City Cities in the United States The Emergence of Global Cities World Urbanization Today The Local and Global Environment Population Growth, Modernization, and the Environment Underdevelopment and Overdevelopment in the Modern World Why Study Population and Environment From a Sociological Perspective?18: Social Change and Social Movements Opening the Floodgates Sociological Perspectives on Social Change Functionalist Theories of Societal Change Conflict Theories of Societal Change Rise-and-Fall Theories of Societal Change Sources of Societal Change and Revolution Collective Behavior How Do Crowds Act? Social Movements Types of Social Movements Why Do Social Movements Arise? Micro-Mobilization Contexts for Building Social Movements Social Movements and Social Change in Our Century New Social Movements Social Change in the Twenty-First Century Why Study Social Change?