This successful world history version of the popular Discovering series contains a multi-part pedagogical framework that guides students through the process of historical inquiry and explanation. The text emphasizes historical study as interpretation rather than memorization of data. The Third Edition integrates new documents and revised coverage throughout, while the comparative chapters contribute to a more thorough and balanced examination of global history. Each chapter is organized within the same pedagogical framework: The Problem, Background, The Method, The Evidence, Questions to Consider, and Epilogue.
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Table of Contents
1. First Encounters: The Creation of Cultural Stereotypes (1450-1650) The Evidence: Joao Baptista Lavanha, 1597 Anonymous Portuguese Pilot, ca. 1535 Nzinga Mbemba, 1526 Christopher Columbus, 1530s Amerigo Vespucci, 1497-1498 Native American account of Cortes's Conquest ca. 1530 Bernardino de Avila Giron,1590s Cosme de Torres, 1550s-1560s Francis Xavier, 1549-51 Joao Rodrigues, ca. 1620 Alessandro Valignano ca. 1583 Lourenço Mexia, ca. 1590s Anonymous, Kirishitan monogatari, 1639 Suzuki Shosan, 1642 Tokugawa Iemitsu, Edict of 1635 ordering closing of Japan. 2. Villages in an Era of Centralizing States, 1450-1650 The Evidence: Village by-laws from Great Horwood Court roll of Teynton, 1541 Statute of Henry VIII regarding the shooting of Longbows, 1511 Report from the general inspection of the Chupaychu, 1549 Pedro de Cieza de Leon, Cronicas, 1553 Extract from Garcilosa de la Vega Illustration from Guaman Poma de Ayala, El Primer Nueva Coronica y Buen Gobierno So regulations Joint petition by villagers, 1407 Decrees regarding military service of villagers Regulations for villagers issued by the Tokugawa Shogunate, 1643 Screen with village scene by Kusumi Morikage 3. Labor and Property in Rural Societies (1500-1800) The Evidence: The Lê Code, Vietnam, 16th-17th century the Agama Law Code, Java, 16th century Antonio de Morga's History of the Philippine Islands, 1609 Illustration from a map of the Philippines, 1734 William Marsden's History of Sumatra, 1783 William ten Rhyne, A Short Account of the Cape of Good Hope, 1686 Extract from Peter Kolb, The Present State of the Cape of Good-Hope, 1719 Pen and ink drawing of Khoikhoi family and stock, Unknown Artist, ca. 1700 Pen and ink drawing of Khoikhoi woman milking, Unknown Artist, ca. 1700 The Law Code from the territory of Salzburg, Austria, 1526 Regulations for vineyard workers in Württemberg, 1550 The land register in the Silesian village of Zedlitz, 1790 Johann Jacob Grümbke's description of harvesting grain in Rügen, 1805 Hay-making in Germany, 1532 A female dairy farmer in Nuremberg, Germany, 1766 4. Sweet Nexus: Sugar and the Origins of the Modern World (1600-1800) The Evidence: Excerpt from Joseph Addison, The Spectator, May 19, 1711 Frederick Slare, defends sugar, 1715 E. T. Parris cartoon showing English attitudes toward sugar consumption A letter to a member of Parliament, 1745 William Blake, "Europe Supported by Africa and America," 1796 Importation and population statistics for the British West Indies in the 18th century Olaudah Equiano, The Life of Olaudah Equiano, 1814 Richard Ligon, A True and Exact History of the Island of Barbadoes, 1673 Clark, "Ten Views of Antigua", 1823 Advertisement for East India sugar basins Selection from The Biography of Mahommah Gardo Baquaqua, 1854 5. The Confucian Family (1600-1800) The Evidence: Ming family portrait, late 16th century Family instructions for the Miu lineage, late 16th century Yüan Chiang, section of "The East Garden," handscroll, late 17th century Gui Youguang, "A Sketch of My Mother," late 16th century Sample contracts for purchasing of a concubine and selling a son, 16th century From Classic of Filiality, or Xiao Jing (Hsiao Ching), ca. 2nd century B.C.E. From Zhu Xi's (Chu Hsi) Family Rituals, 12th century From Pu Suling (P'u Su-ling) The Bonds of Matrimony, 17th century Zheng Xie's (Cheng Hsieh)"Mother-in-Law Is Cruel," 18th century From Chen Duxiu (Ch'en Tu-hsiu), "The Ways of Confucius and Modern Life," 1916 6. The Liberator-Hero and Western Revolutions (1770s-1810s) The Evidence: Fisher Ames's eulogy for George Washington, Boston, February 8, 1800 Gilbert Stuart, George Washington (The Landsdowne Portrait), 1797 F.E. Guiraut, funeral oration for Marat, Paris, July 1793 Jacques Louis David, Portrait of Marat, 1793 Henri Christophe, Manifesto, 1814 J. Barlow, Portrait of Toussaint Louverture, ca. 1805 Dr. Eduardo Calcano, oration at the reinterment of Bolivar, October 28, 1876 Jose Gil de Castro's Painting of Simon Bolivar, Lima, 1830 7. Constitutional Responses to European Expansion in Africa and the Pacific (1850-1890) The Evidence: Kingdom of Hawaii Constitution of 1852 King Kamehameha V addresses the Hawaiian Legislature, 1864 Hawaii's last queen on American annexation Coat of arms of the Hawaiian monarchy An argument for African self-rule, 1868 Fante Asafo flag Constitution of the Fante Confederation, 1871 A Fante appeal to British authorities, 1872 8. Industrializing the Nation: Germany and Japan (1860-1900) The Evidence: Hagen Rolling Mill, 1860s, Krupp Steel Works, 1912 From Max Weber, Inaugural Lecture at Freiburg University, 1895 Cartoon, "Through Darkest Germany, a View Inland," 1899 A German worker's apartment, 1910 The Erfurt Social Democratic Party Program, 1890 Ando Hiroshige, Woodblock Print of Tokyo's First Railway Station, 1870s From Okubo Toshimichi, Recommendation on Industrialization, 1874 Kawanabe Gyosai, Woodblock Print of Trade Fair of 1877 From Ito Hirobumi, Speech at a homecoming celebration, 1895 Cartoon from Tokyo Puck, "Taxes Rise After the Russo-Japanese War," 1905 Ichiyosai Kuniteru, Woodblock Print of an Early Japanese Silk Mill, 19th-century Oral Records of "Crossing Nomugi Pass" to Work in the Suma Mills, ca. 1900 9. Modernity: From Promise to Threat The Evidence: From Jean Antoine Nicholas de Condorcet, The Progress of the Human Mind "The First Half of the Nineteenth Century Progress of the Nation, and the Race" Walt Whitman, "Years of the Modern" From Frederich Engels, Socialism: Utopian and Scientific Mohandis K. Gandhi, Hind Swaraj Olive Schreiner, Woman and Labour, 1911 A Declaration of Beliefs by the New Youth Still Shots from Fritz Lang's film Metropolis Extract from Jose Ortega y Gasset, The Revolt of the Masses Excerpts from Jawaharlal Nehru, Glimpses of World History, 1933 10. Nationalism, Motherhood, and Women's Rights in Brazil, Egypt, and Japan (1890s-1930s) The Evidence: Francisca Diniz, "Equality of Rights," O Sexo Feminino, 1890 Bertha Lutz, letter to the editor, Revista da Semana, December 23, 1918 Editorials from Revista Feminina, 1921 and 1922 Qasim Amin, extracts from The Liberation of Women, 1899 Saiza Nabarawi, editorial in L'Egyptienne, 1933 Hiratsuka Raicho, speech to the Association of New Women, 1919 Hiratsuka Raicho and Ichikawa Fusae, preamble to bill allowing women to join political groups, 1920 Yosano Akiko, suffrage song, 1920s Manifesto of the founding of the League for the Realization of Women's Suffrage, 1924 11. Lands of Desire: Department Stores, Advertising, and the New Consumerism (1920s) The Evidence: Strawbridge & Clothier, Philadelphia, 1922 Mappin Stores, Brazil Bon Marche, Paris 1923 Advertisement for corsets, Istanbul, 1911 Hudson' Bay Company, Canada, 1926 Myer's Australia, 1929 Fashions, Both Chinese and "Foreign" Styles, in Liangyou buabao, July 1935 Garlick's, South Africa, 1926 12. The Industrial Crisis and the Centralization of Government (1924-1939) The Evidence: Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald, February 12, 1931 President Franklin Roosevelt, April 14, 1938 Chancellor Adolf Hitler, September 10, 1936 Hashimoto Kingoro, "Address to Young Men," 1930s Josef Stalin, Report to Seventeenth Congress, January 26, 1934 Index of industrial production, 1929-1938 (1929= 100) Unemployment (numbers out of work and percentage of civilian labor force), 1930-1938 Central government revenues and expenditures in national currencies, 1924-1940 (in millions) Tariffs, import duties, taxes imposed Defense expenditures of Great Britain, the United States, Germany, and Japan, 1930-1938 (in millions of current dollars) Armed services spending as a percentage of total government expenditures in Japan, 1931-1938 Total budget, USSR, and percentage spent on defense, 1933-1940 13. Total War: The Cost of Unlimited Conflict (1914-1945) The Evidence: Carl von Clausewitz, On War, 1832 Lloyd George on the Battle of the Somme, July 1, 1916 French and British World War I posters Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig, "Features of the War," fourth supplement to The London Gazette, Tuesday, April 8, 1919 Paul Valery, "The Crisis of Spirit," 1919 Erich Maria Remarque, All Quiet on the Western Front, 1929 Report on Rape of Nanking,New York Times, 1937 President Franklin D. Roosevelt, annual message to Congress, January 6, 1942 Rosie the Riveter, American propaganda icon Reichsmarschal Hermann Goering, German radio broadcast, October 4, 1942 President Roosevelt's radio address on Casablanca Conference, February 12, 1943 United States Strategic Bomb Survey (Pacific War), 1946 Iwao Nakamura, recollections of August 6, 1945 14. Crucible of Conflict: The Suez Crisis (1956) The Evidence: Sir Anthony Eden, British Foreign Secretary, discusses British obligations, June 18, 1952 From Gamal Abdel Nasser, The Philosophy of Revolution, 1959 Statement on foreign affairs by Moshe Sharett, Israel Premier and Foreign Minister, October 18, 1955 Gamal Abdel Nasser announces the nationalization of the Suez Canal, July 26, 1956 Gamal Abdel Nasser, Egypt, August 1, 1956 English cartoon, "The Colossus of Suez," 1956 The British Cabinet reacts to the nationalization of the Suez Canal, July 27, 1956 U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower cautions Sir Anthony Eden on the use of force, September 3, 1956 Sir Anthony Eden, British Prime Minister, replies to President Dwight D. Eisenhower, September 6, 1956 From the memoirs of Moshe Dayan, Israeli Minister of Defense, 1976 Sèvres Protocol, October 22-24, 1956 Draft resolution from the United States to the UN Security Council, October 30, 1956 Statement by Jawaharlal Nehru, Indian Prime Minister, November 1, 1956 Soviet response to the aggression against Egypt, October 31, 1956 Discussion with the British Cabinet, November 28, 1956 Exchange between the U.S. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles and U.S. Senator Richard Russell, January 2, 1957 Letter from British Prime Minister Eden to senior cabinet ministers, December 28, 1956 President Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt Discusses Suez, 1966 British cartoon, 1962 15. Religious Fundamentalism in the Modern World: Faith, Identity and Contemporary Politics (1970s-present) The Evidence: Pat Robertson, "God's Protection Lifted from American," 2003 Interview with Randall Terry, founder of Operation Rescue, September 1988 Sayyid Qutb, "Religion and Society in ...Islam" Frontline interview with Osama bin Laden, May 1998 From Rabbi Eliezer Waldman, article in Jewish Press (New York), June 21, 2002 From Eliezer Waldman, "The Divine Zionist Roadmap," 2003 Shlomo Avineri, "Zionism as a Permanent Revolution," 1981 M.S. Goldwalkar, Selections from We, or Our Nationhood Defined, 1938