ISBN-10:
0199296669
ISBN-13:
9780199296668
Pub. Date:
03/20/2008
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Discrete Symmetries and CP Violation: From Experiment to Theory / Edition 1

Discrete Symmetries and CP Violation: From Experiment to Theory / Edition 1

by Marco Sozzi

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780199296668
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Publication date: 03/20/2008
Series: Oxford Graduate Texts Series
Pages: 592
Product dimensions: 9.80(w) x 6.70(h) x 1.30(d)

About the Author

Marco Sozzi, Department of Physics, University of Pisa, Italy.

Table of Contents


Preface     vii
Acknowledgements     xi
Symmetries and invariances     1
Symmetry and invariance     1
Transformations and symmetries in quantum theory     2
Symmetries and conservation laws     6
Discrete transformations and inversions     9
Symmetry violations     12
Parity     15
Parity transformation     15
Parity symmetry     30
The determination of the neutral pion parity     36
Parity violation     42
Beta decay asymmetries from polarized nuclei     47
Longitudinal polarization of beta decay electrons     53
Beta decay asymmetries of free polarized neutrons     57
Muon decay asymmetries     59
Optical rotation of light     70
Inelastic electron scattering     74
Moller scattering     75
Parity-violating gamma decay asymmetry     80
Circular polarization of gamma decay radiation     83
Charge conjugation     88
Charge conjugation transformation     88
Charge conjugation symmetry     98
Charge conjugation violation     108
Charge conjugation tests in positroniumdecay     111
[eta] to [pi superscript + pi superscript - pi superscript 0] asymmetries     116
Time reversal     121
Time reversal transformation     121
Of phase factors     130
Time reversal symmetry     136
Time reversal violation     154
Muon transverse polarization in semi-leptonic K decays     157
Transverse polarization in beta decay     163
Beam searches for neutron EDM     175
ILL storage EDM experiment     179
The muon EDM     185
CPT and spin statistics     195
CPT symmetry     195
Experimental tests of CPT     205
Penning trap measurements     208
Positronium decay correlation tests     215
Super-selection rules     218
Spin and statistics     221
Search for antisymmetric two-photon states     227
CP symmetry     231
CP symmetry: found and lost     231
The discovery of CP violation     240
The proof of CP violation     245
Consequences of CP symmetry     250
CP violation signatures     260
Hyperon decay asymmetry measurements     264
Flavoured neutral mesons     276
Flavoured neutral meson mixing     276
Flavoured neutral meson decays     292
Time evolution of flavour eigenstates     300
Asymmetries     309
Meson pairs     313
CP violation in the K system     322
Neutral kaons: generalities     322
Semi-leptonic decays     328
Semi-leptonic charge asymmetries     332
Two-pion decays and direct CP violation     334
Direct CP violation in neutral K decays     351
Time reversal violation     358
T violation in neutral K mixing     359
CPT symmetry     362
Three-pion decays     370
Other decay modes     375
Coherent kaon pairs     377
C,P properties of CP violation     380
The link to theory     383
Early concepts     383
The Standard Model     385
From theory to measurements     399
From measurements to theory     411
Other scenarios     414
CP violation in heavy meson systems     419
Flavour mixing     419
D mesons     421
B mesons phenomenology      426
B meson experiments     435
B-factory experiments     440
Interference CP violation at B-factories     443
Widening the picture     455
Symmetries of gravity     455
The strong CP problem     459
The cosmic connection     460
Mirror matter     480
Macroscopic chirality     481
Coda     483
Notation     485
Quantum field theory     487
Scalar fields     487
Fields with spin     490
Interactions     493
Scattering in quantum theory     495
Scattering     495
Approximations     500
The Dalitz-Fabri plot     503
Spin and polarization     506
Polarization     506
Covariant polarization     508
Time evolution     511
Massless particles     512
Systematic errors     514
Of errors, mistakes and experiments     514
Treatment of systematic errors     516
Of errors and cross checks     522
Bibliography     526
List of Experiments     545
Index      547

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