In The Beautyful Ones Are Not Yet Born, Ayi Kwei Armah gives a vivid picture of post-independence Ghana. He scathingly criticizes corruption and political and moral putrefaction which have characterized the post-independent leadership. Armah consistently employs symbolism to give force to his preoccupations in the novel. In Two Thousand Seasons, Armah tries to provide a curative strategy to the post-independence predicament. In this, text he employs history as a novelistic device both to highlight the historical causation of the destruction of African values and to search for African attributes to revitalize society. Armah has incorporated some elements of the oral tradition in a way to fit his revolutionary message.