Diversity and Education: A Critical Multicultural Approach

Diversity and Education: A Critical Multicultural Approach

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Teachers College Press


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Diversity and Education: A Critical Multicultural Approach

In his new book, Michael Vavrus helps readers better understand why issues of diversity and difference are so highly contested in the United States and across the globe. Vavrus incorporates specific education examples throughout the text to examine six contested areas: race and ethnicity; socio-economic class and culture; multicultural and ethnic studies; language; religion; and sexuality and gender. In each of these areas, the author explores how contrasting worldviews found in social conservatism, liberal multiculturalism, and critical multiculturalism influence our understandings about difference and diversity and the education policies we develop as a result. Diversity and Education is designed to help educators move beyond the "how can they believe that?" knee-jerk reaction toward a more informed, strategic understanding of belief systems and political affiliations.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780807756058
Publisher: Teachers College Press
Publication date: 11/28/2014
Series: Multicultural Education Series
Edition description: 0
Pages: 208
Sales rank: 1,076,652
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents

Series Foreword James A. Banks ix

Foreword Wayne Au xv


Introduction: Developing a Standpoint on Diversity 1

A Contested Concept 3

Critical Pedagogy 4

Overview of Chapters 6

1 Tensions 10

Crises of National Identity 12

Economic Tensions 13

Understanding Diversity: An Interdisciplinary Approach 15

Why History? 16

Movements for Self-Determination and Civil Rights 16

Movements for Gender and Sexuality Rights 18

Diversity and Political Economy 19

Diversity, Worldviews, and Ideologies 20

Political Psychology and Biological Reductionism 22

2 A Spectrum of Worldviews 28

Social Conservatism 30

Liberal Multiculturalism 35

Critical Multiculturalism 40

Shifting Positions Within a Spectrum of Worldviews 48

3 Color Consciousness and Color Blindness 49

Differentiating Race and Ethnicity 49

Implications for Diversity 51

Color-Blind Worldviews 56

Color and Citizenship Rights 57

Color Consciousness/Blindness and Diversity in Schools 59

The Value of Racial Diversity in Schools and Neighborhoods 63

4 The Color of Criminalization and School Discipline 65

Historical Pattern of Criminalization of African Americans 65

Neo-Confederate Narrative of the Black Criminal 67

The Criminal Justice System and Young People 72

Ideological Perspectives on Causes of Criminalization of Youth 76

Toward Restorative Justice 79

5 Bad Math: Equating Culture and Class 81

Conceptual Origins of Culture 82

Cultural Justifications for Inequality 83

Culture of Poverty 86

A War on Poverty 88

Cultural Deficits and Education 91

The Freedom Budget and the Future of Our Children 93

6 Standoff over Ethnic Studies and Multicultural Education 97

Record Rates of Human Migration 98

Xenophobia and Nativism 100

Indigenous Cultures and Education: A Special Case 103

Language Diversity and Homogeneity 106

Ethnic, Multicultural, and Bilingual Education 107

Patriotism and Curriculum Standards 108

A Critical Multicultural Alternative 112

7 A Smog of Patriarchy: Gender, Sexuality, and Religion 114

A Brief History of Patriarchy 115

Patriarchy and the School Curriculum 118

Patriarchal Policing of Sexual Boundaries 121

Patriarchal Policing of Gender Boundaries 123

Patriarchal Bullying and Gendered Harassment 125

Patriarchy, Patriotism, and the Demonization of Islam 128

Naming and Teaching About Patriarchy 130

8 Contested Diversity and Teacher Education 132

Higher Education Accreditation Standards 133

Critical Multicultural Perspectives and Practices 140

Importance of Solidarity 144

References 145

Index 175

About the Author 188

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