Divine Sayings: The Mishkat al-Anwar of Ibn 'Arabi

Divine Sayings: The Mishkat al-Anwar of Ibn 'Arabi

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Overview

Inspiring insight into the spiritual depth of Islam is presented in this English translation of Muhyiddin Ibn 'Arabi's Mishkat al-Anwar, one of the most influential early collections of hadith qudsi, the sayings of God as transmitted by Muhammad. The meaning of hadith, hadith qudsi, and the importance of the terms in the text are explained in a comprehensive 90-page introduction. A bibliography, indexes on the individual hadith, the names of the important transmitters, and two appendices on the manuscript sources and chains of transmission provide unfamiliar readers with resources to fully appreciate the work. An Arabic version of the Mishkat al-Anwar, culled from the oldest surviving manuscripts and presented in a handsome calligraphic style, is also included.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781905937134
Publisher: Anqa Publishing
Publication date: 04/01/2005
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 208
File size: 2 MB

About the Author

Muhyiddin Ibn 'Arabi was an eminent scholar and teacher of Islam in the Moorish culture of Andalusian Spain during the 12th century. He authored more than 350 religious texts and his zeal for Islam led him to be called "the revivifier of religion" by his contemporaries. Stephen Hirtenstein is a cofounder of Anqa Publishing and the editor of the Journal of the Muhyiddin Ibn 'Arabi Society. He is the author of The Unlimited Mercifier and The Seven Days of the Heart. Martin Notcutt is a devoted scholar of Muhyiddin Ibn 'Arabi and a fellow of the Muhyiddin Ibn 'Arabi Society.

Read an Excerpt

Divine sayings

101 Hadith Qudsi


By Muhyiddin Ibn 'Arabi, Stephen Hirtenstein, Martin Notcutt

Anqa Publishing

Copyright © 2004 Stephen Hirtenstein and Martin Notcutt
All rights reserved.
ISBN: 978-1-905937-13-4



CHAPTER 1

PART ONE


FIRST HADITH (1)

According to Abu Dharr, the Prophet, may God give him blessings and peace, said, reporting the words of God, ever praised and exalted is He:

"O My servants, I have forbidden injustice to Myself and I have made it forbidden amongst you. So be not unjust to one another.

"O My servants, all of you go astray except the one whom I guide. Ask guidance of Me, and I shall guide you.

"O My servants, all of you go hungry except the one whom I feed. Ask Me for food, and I shall feed you.

"O My servants, all of you go naked except the one whom I clothe. Ask Me for clothing, and I shall clothe you.

"O My servants, you transgress by day and night, but I forgive all misdeeds. Ask forgiveness of Me, and I shall forgive you.

"O My servants, harming Me is beyond you, so you cannot harm Me; and benefiting Me is beyond you, so you cannot benefit Me.

"O My servants, if all of you – first and last, man and jinn – were like the one among you with the most devout heart, that would add nothing to My kingdom.

"O My servants, if all of you – first and last, man and jinn – were like the one among you with the most ungodly heart, that would take nothing away from My kingdom.

"O My servants, if all of you – first and last, man and jinn – were to stand on the same level and address Me with your requests, and if I were to give each one what he had requested, that would not diminish what is with Me, any more than a needle diminishes the sea when it enters it.

"O My servants, it is solely your deeds that I take account of, and it is by virtue of them that I will repay you. So let him who finds good, praise God, and let him who finds other than that, hold none but himself to blame."


SECOND HADITH (2)

According to Abu Hurayra, the Messenger of God, may God give him blessings and peace, said:

God, ever mighty and majestic is He, says: "Of all the associates, I am the most able to dispense with association. As for him who performs a deed in which there is association with other than Me, I am quit of him, and he belongs to what he has associated [with Me]."


THIRD HADITH (3)

According to Abu Umama, the Prophet, may God give him blessings and peace, said:

God, ever mighty and majestic is He, says: "Among My Friends, the one to be envied most, in My eyes, is the believer who has but little means and whose fortune is prayer, who worships his Lord in the best of modes, obeying Him in secret and in public. He is unnoticed among men; they do not point him out with their fingers. His livelihood is just sufficient, and he accepts that with patience."

Then the Prophet snapped his fingers and said:

His death is hastened, his mourners few, his estate of little worth.


FOURTH HADITH (4)

Anas [ibn Malik] said:

One day when the Messenger of God, may God bless him and give him peace, was seated [amongst us], we saw him laugh and laugh until his teeth were showing. 'Umar asked: "What makes you laugh, O Messenger of God, you for whom I would give my own father and mother?" He replied:

"Two men of my community were kneeling before the Lord of Might, ever exalted is He, and one of them said: 'O my Lord, retrieve for me what my brother has wrongfully taken from me!' He said [to the accused]: 'Give back to your brother what you have wrongfully taken from him.'

'But my Lord,' he replied, 'nothing of merit has been left to me.'

'Then my Lord,' said [the first], 'let him carry some of my burden.'"

The eyes of the Messenger of God, may God give him blessings and peace, filled with tears, and he said: "Indeed that is a fearful day, when people will need someone to carry part of their burden." Then he continued:

"And God, ever mighty and majestic is He, said to the plaintiff: 'Raise your head and look towards the Gardens of Paradise.'

He raised his eyes and exclaimed: 'My Lord, I see cities of silver and palaces of gold, crowned with pearls. To which prophet or martyr does it belong?'

God replied: 'It belongs to whoever pays Me the price.'

He asked: 'And who, my Lord, will own it?'

God replied: 'You will.'

He asked: 'But how shall I do that, my Lord?'

God replied: 'By pardoning your brother.'

He said: 'My Lord, I have already pardoned him!'

God, ever exalted is He, said: 'Now take your brother by the hand, and lead him into Paradise.'"


Then the Messenger of God added:

"Fear God, and promote peace and reconciliation amongst yourselves, for surely God shall establish peace among the faithful on the Day of Resurrection."


FIFTH HADITH (5)

According to Abu Hurayra, the Messenger of God, may God give him blessings and peace, said:

When God created the Garden of Paradise and the Fire of Hell, he sent Gabriel to the Garden. He said: "Look upon it, and upon what I have made ready for its inhabitants."

So he went there and looked at what God had prepared for its inhabitants. When he returned, Gabriel declared: "By Your Might, anyone who hears of it will surely enter it!"

So God ordered Paradise to be veiled with unpleasant and hateful things, and said: "Return now and look upon what I have prepared for its occupants."

Gabriel returned to it, and beheld how it was veiled with hateful things. Then he came back to Him and declared: "By Your Might, I fear now that no-one will enter it!"


Then He said: "Go now to the Fire. Look upon it and upon what I have made ready for its inhabitants."

When he went there, Gabriel looked at it and at what had been prepared for its inhabitants. He saw how it was all piled up in layers, one on top of another. When he returned, Gabriel declared: "By Your Might, no-one who hears of it will enter it."

So God ordered the Fire to be encircled by pleasing and desirable things, and said: "Return now and look upon what I have prepared for its occupants."

Gabriel returned there and beheld how it was encircled by desires. Then he came back to Him and declared: "By Your Might, I fear now that no-one will be saved from entering it."


SIXTH HADITH (6)

Abu Bakr al-Siddiq reported:

By God the Almighty, Muhammad, the chosen one, reported to me:

By God the Almighty, Gabriel, peace be upon him, reported to me:

By God the Almighty, Michael, peace be upon him, reported to me:

By God the Almighty, Israfil, peace be upon him, reported to me:

"God, ever exalted is He, says: 'O Israfil, by My Might and Majesty, by My Generosity and Liberality, for one who recites "In the name of God, the All-Compassionate, the Most Merciful" (bismillah al-rahman al-rahim), followed immediately by the Fatiha of the Book just one time, you all bear witness that I have already forgiven him, that I have accepted his good deeds and set aside his evil deeds, that I shall not burn his tongue in the Fire, that I shall protect him from the punishment of the grave, from the punishment of Hell, from the punishment on the Day of Resurrection and from the Great Terror, and that he shall meet Me before all the Prophets and Saints.'"


SEVENTH HADITH (7)

According to Abu Hurayra, the Messenger of God, may God give him blessings and peace, said:

God, ever exalted is He, says: "The child of Adam slanders Me, but it is improper for him to slander Me. He accuses Me of lying, but it is improper for him to call Me a liar. As for slander, it is his claim that I have a son. As for accusing Me of lying, it is his assertion, 'He will not bring me back as He created me.'"

Abu Hurayra also reported these words of the Prophet, may God give him blessings and peace:

God, ever mighty and majestic is He, says: "The child of Adam accuses Me of lying, but that is not for him to do. He slanders Me, but that is not for him to do. As for accusing Me of lying, it is his assertion, 'He will not bring me back again as He created me before.' Yet the first creation was no more difficult for Me than his return will be. As for slandering Me, it is his claim, 'God has taken a son.' Yet I am the Unique One, the Eternal Refuge, I do not beget, nor am I begotten, and there is none like unto Me."


EIGHTH HADITH (8)

According to Abu Hurayra, the Prophet, may God give him blessings and peace, said:

God, ever mighty and majestic is He, says: "O child of Adam, when you remember Me you are grateful to Me, and when you forget Me you are unfaithful to Me."


NINTH HADITH (9)

According to Abu Hurayra, the Prophet, may God give him blessings and peace, said:

God, ever mighty and majestic is He, says: "Provide [for others], and I shall provide for you."

Again he said:

The Hand of God is full. Its fullness is not diminished by constant provision, flowing night and day.

He added:

Have you not seen what He has provided since the creation of the Heavens and the Earth? Yet it has not diminished that which is in His Hand. His Throne is upon the water, and in His Hand is the Balance which rises or falls.


TENTH HADITH (10)

According to Abu Hurayra, the Messenger of God, may God give him blessings and peace, said:

God, ever mighty and majestic is He, says: "I am with My servant when he remembers Me and when his lips move in mention of Me."


ELEVENTH HADITH (11)

According to Abdallah ibn 'Umar, the Prophet, may God give him blessings and peace, said:

Your Lord, ever mighty and majestic is He, says: "I shall not bring two fears together upon a servant, nor shall I bring together two securities upon him. If he fears Me in this world, he shall have no fear in the Other; and if he feels secure from Me in this world, then he shall have no security in the Other."


TWELFTH HADITH (12)

According to Abu Hurayra, the Messenger of God, may God give him blessings and peace, said:

God, ever mighty and majestic is He, shall say on the Day of Resurrection: "Where are those who have loved each other for the sake of My Majesty? Today I shall shelter them in My shade, on a day when there is no shade but My shade."


THIRTEENTH HADITH (13)

According to Abu Hurayra, the Messenger of God, may God give him blessings and peace, said:

God, ever mighty and majestic is He, says: "I am present in My servant's thought of Me, and I am with him when he beseeches Me."


FOURTEENTH HADITH (14)

According to Anas, the Prophet, may God give him blessings and peace, said:

God shall say to one of the People of the Fire who is enduring the lightest of punishments: "If you possessed everything on earth, would you then redeem yourself with it?"

To which he will reply: "Yes, I would."

Then He will say: "I asked of you something easier than that, when you were still in the loins of Adam: that you should not associate anything with Me. Yet you refused to do anything else but associate."


FIFTEENTH HADITH (15)

According to Abu Hurayra, the Messenger of God, may God give him blessings and peace, said:

God, ever mighty and majestic is He, says: "Pride (kibriya') is My cloak, and Grandeur ('azama) is My loincloth. Whoever wrestles with Me over either of these, I shall cast him into the Fire."


SIXTEENTH HADITH (16)

According to Abu Sa'id al-Khudri, the Messenger of God, may God give him blessings and peace, said:

On the Day of Resurrection, God, ever mighty and majestic is He, shall say: "The angels have interceded, the prophets have interceded, the believers have interceded, and no-one remains except the Most Merciful of mercifiers."

Then, seizing a handful from the Fire, He will extract a group of mankind who have never done any good and who have been reduced to ashes. He will cast them into a river at the gates of Paradise, called the River of Life.


It continues:

Then God, ever glorified and exalted is He, will say: "Enter into Paradise. Whatever you see is yours."

They will reply: "Our Lord, You have given us something which You have not given to any one else in all the universes."

He will say: "For you I have something yet more precious than that."

They will ask: "Our Lord, what thing could be more precious than that?"

To this He will reply: "My Good-Pleasure (rida')! I shall never again be displeased with you."


SEVENTEENTH HADITH (17)

According to Jabir ibn 'Abdallah, who received it from the Prophet, may God give him blessings and peace, who received it from Gabriel, who received it from God:

God, ever mighty and majestic is He, says: "Indeed this is a religion with which I Myself am well-pleased. Nothing befits it but open-handed generosity and nobility of character. So honour it with these two whenever you follow it."


EIGHTEENTH HADITH (18)

According to Suhayb, the Prophet, may God give him blessings and peace, said:

When the people of the Garden have entered the Garden, God, ever exalted is He, will say: "Do you want for anything more that I may give you?"

They will reply: "Have You not illumined our faces? Have you not caused us to enter the Garden and delivered us from the Fire?"


The Prophet continued:

Then He will lift the veil, for they cannot be given anything that they would love more than vision of their Lord, ever mighty and majestic is He.


Then he recited this verse:

"The best, and more besides, is destined for those who strive with excellence."


NINETEENTH HADITH (19)

According to Abu Sa'id al-Khudri, the Prophet, may God give him blessings and peace, said:

On the Day of Resurrection, God will say: "O Adam!"

He will reply: "Here am I, Lord, at Your service."

A voice will proclaim: "God commands you to extract from your progeny a contingent destined for the Fire."

Adam will ask: "Lord, what may be the contingent destined for the Fire?"

"From every thousand, nine hundred and ninety-nine, or thereabouts. 'Thereupon the pregnant shall miscarry, the young shall become white-haired [with age] and you shall see men acting drunkenly. They will not be drunk, but indeed God's punishment is terrible." This made such a frightening impression on the people that their faces went pale.


The Prophet, may God give him blessings and peace, then added:

Descending from the people of Gog and Magog there shall be nine hundred and ninety-nine, whilst from among you only one. Among men you shall be like black hair on the flank of a white bull, or white hair on the flank of a black bull. Indeed I hope you will make up a quarter of the inhabitants of Paradise.

At this we exclaimed "Allahu akbar!", and then he said: "One-third of the people of Paradise."

At this we exclaimed "Allahu akbar!", and he said: "One-half of the people of Paradise."

Again we exclaimed "Allahu akbar!"


TWENTIETH HADITH (20)

According to Ibn Abbas, the Messenger of God, may God give him blessings and peace, said:

God, ever mighty and majestic is He, revealed to Moses:

"There is no approach you can make to Me which I love more than [your] satisfaction with My decree. And there is no action you can perform which better preserves your good deeds than looking to your own affairs.

"O Moses, do not make requests of people of this world, lest I become displeased with you. And do not be generous with your religion (din) for the sake of this world, lest I close the doors of My Mercy to you.

"O Moses, say to the believers who have turned to Me in repentance: 'Rejoice.' And say to the believers who stand humbled before Me: 'Refrain from bad' or 'Do good.'"

The Shaykh adds: "The uncertainty is mine [as to which of these two injunctions is the correct reading]."


(Continues...)

Excerpted from Divine sayings by Muhyiddin Ibn 'Arabi, Stephen Hirtenstein, Martin Notcutt. Copyright © 2004 Stephen Hirtenstein and Martin Notcutt. Excerpted by permission of Anqa Publishing.
All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.
Excerpts are provided by Dial-A-Book Inc. solely for the personal use of visitors to this web site.

Table of Contents

Contents

Acknowledgements,
Introduction,
THE 101 HADITH QUDSI,
Preface,
PART ONE,
Hadith 1 Forbidding injustice,
Hadith 2 Dispensing with association,
Hadith 3 The believer with little means,
Hadith 4 Promoting peace and reconciliation,
Hadith 5 The veiling of Paradise and Hell,
Hadith 6 Reciting the Fati?a,
Hadith 7 The child of Adam slanders Me,
Hadith 8 Remembering Me and forgetting Me,
Hadith 9 The Hand of God is full,
Hadith 10 I am with My servant when he remembers,
Hadith 11 Fear and security,
Hadith 12 I shall shelter them in My Shade,
Hadith 13 I am in My servant's thought of Me,
Hadith 14 God's address to one of the people of Hell,
Hadith 15 Pride is My cloak,
Hadith 16 The intercession of the Most Merciful, and His Good-Pleasure,
Hadith 17 A religion with which I am well-pleased,
Hadith 18 Vision of the Lord,
Hadith 19 Destined for Hell or Paradise,
Hadith 20 Satisfaction with My decree,
Hadith 21 What no eye has seen nor ear heard,
Hadith 22 He who hopes for other than Me,
Hadith 23 The last to enter Paradise,
Hadith 24 When God created Adam,
Hadith 25 When God created the Earth,
Hadith 26 I am your Lord,
Hadith 27 I am with him when he remembers Me,
Hadith 28 I shall forgive you,
Hadith 29 The blessing of rain,
Hadith 30 God hears him who praises Him,
Hadith 31 Dividing the Fati?a and granting the prayer,
Hadith 32 Concerning purity,
Hadith 33 Those who love one another,
Hadith 34 Compensation for loss of sight,
Hadith 35 The coming of those who deceive through religion,
Hadith 36 I gave you gifts; what have you done?,
Hadith 37 The community of Muhammad at the Resurrection,
Hadith 38 Greeting and blessing the Prophet,
Hadith 39 Devotion to My worship,
Hadith 40 There is no god but God,
PART TWO,
Khabar 1 Abraham and disobeying the Beloved,
Khabar 2 David and the attachment of the heart,
Khabar 3 Moses and the work God loves most,
Khabar 4 I am completely aware of My lovers,
Khabar 5 Concerning one who kills himself,
Khabar 6 Remembering Me when facing the enemy,
Khabar 7 The supremacy of Mercy over Anger,
Khabar 8 Contentment with one's portion,
Khabar 9 God's welcome to the people of Paradise,
Khabar 10 How you wrong Me,
Khabar 11 Pleasure and hardship,
Khabar 12 Creation and provision,
Khabar 13 Peace and goodness in Paradise,
Khabar 14 The lover's right,
Khabar 15 The Faithful,
Khabar 16 The King's descent,
Khabar 17 The counting of deeds,
Khabar 18 I have created you for My sake,
Khabar 19 Regarding the morrow,
Khabar 20 Surrender and Peace,
Khabar 21 Obligations and nourishment,
Khabar 22 Prayer and sufficiency,
Khabar 23 The time for charity,
Khabar 24 Giving generously,
Khabar 25 My treasuries are never exhausted,
Khabar 26 Raising the veils for the people of Paradise,
Khabar 27 My Power is permanent,
Khabar 28 The ruse of God,
Khabar 29 I shall give you gifts,
Khabar 30 I accept the prayer of one who humbles himself,
Khabar 31 Abandoning evil for the sake of God,
Khabar 32 Completing what is required,
Khabar 33 The impetuosity of man,
Khabar 34 Moses and the pillars of religion,
Khabar 35 The prophet–servant and the prophet–king,
Khabar 36 Demeaning a saint,
Khabar 37 The act God loves most,
Khabar 38 All that you wish, I wish,
Khabar 39 I am Time,
Khabar 40 I have forgiven them,
PART THREE,
Hadith 1 God's pledge to him who goes forth to fight,
Hadith 2 God's wonder at him who goes forth to fight,
Hadith 3 The bounty apportioned to the martyr,
Hadith 4 The people of invocation,
Hadith 5 Moses' request for invocation,
Hadith 6 God's prayer over the Prophet,
Hadith 7 The tie of kinship,
Hadith 8 The necessity of love,
Hadith 9 When God loves a servant,
Hadith 10 A Lord who forgives sin,
Hadith 11 My servant draws near to Me,
Hadith 12 The acceptance of deeds,
Hadith 13 The service of the world,
Hadith 14 The ingratitude of a servant,
Hadith 15 Redemption through the Name of God,
Hadith 16 Desiring other than Me,
Hadith 17 Those whose requests are not rejected,
Hadith 18 The recompense on the Day of Resurrection,
Hadith 19 The reciter, the martyr and the wealthy man,
Hadith 20 The hypocrite,
Hadith 21 God's address to the people of Paradise, their request and His reply,
Notes to the translation,
Appendix: Hadith and Ibn 'Arabi,
Bibliography,
Index of first lines,

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