A democracy falters when most of its citizens are uninformed or misinformed, when misinformation affects political decisions and actions, or when political actors foment misinformation—the state of affairs the United States faces today, as this timely book makes painfully clear. In Do Facts Matter? Jennifer L. Hochschild and Katherine Levine Einstein start with Thomas Jefferson’s ideal citizen, who knows and uses correct information to make policy or political choices. What, then, the authors ask, are the consequences if citizens are informed but do not act on their knowledge? More serious, what if they do act, but on incorrect information? Analyzing the use, nonuse, and misuse of facts in various cases—such as the call to impeach Bill Clinton, the response to global warming, Clarence Thomas’s appointment to the Supreme Court, the case for invading Iraq, beliefs about Barack Obama’s birthplace and religion, and the Affordable Care Act—Hochschild and Einstein argue persuasively that errors of commission (that is, acting on falsehoods) are even more troublesome than errors of omission. While citizens’ inability or unwillingness to use the facts they know in their political decision making may be frustrating, their acquisition and use of incorrect “knowledge” pose a far greater threat to a democratic political system.Do Facts Matter? looks beyond individual citizens to the role that political elites play in informing, misinforming, and encouraging or discouraging the use of accurate or mistaken information or beliefs. Hochschild and Einstein show that if a well-informed electorate remains a crucial component of a successful democracy, the deliberate concealment of political facts poses its greatest threat.
|Publisher:||University of Oklahoma Press|
|Series:||The Julian J. Rothbaum Distinguished Lecture Series|
|Product dimensions:||5.50(w) x 8.40(h) x 0.70(d)|
About the Author
Jennifer L. Hochschild is Henry LaBarre Jayne Professor of Government and Professor of African and African American Studies at Harvard University. The author, coauthor, or editor of numerous articles, chapters, and books, her most recent publications include Creating a New Racial Order: How Immigration, Multiracialism, Genomics, and the Young Can Remake Race in America and Bringing Outsiders In: Transatlantic Perspectives on Immigrant Political Incorporation.
Katherine Levine Einstein is Assistant Professor of Political Science at Boston University. Her current research focuses on racial inequality, political segregation, and the splintering of U.S. metropolitan areas.
Table of Contents
List of Illustrations xi
List of Tables xiii
Foreword Carl B. Albert xv
1 What Do People Know and Why Does It Matter? 3
2 Developing the Argument 16
3 Ignoring Correct Information in Making Political Judgments 39
4 Using Incorrect Information in Making Political Judgments 65
5 Endangering a Democratic Polity 87
6 Political Asymmetry 102
7 Promoting Jefferson's Ideal 141