Doing Psychology Experiments / Edition 7 available in Paperback
Written in a friendly, informal style, Martin's text provides enough information so that a student with no experimental background will be able to design, execute, interpret and report simple psychological experiments. Martin discusses many of the ethical questions that confront new experimenters in two complete chapters devoted to ethical issues (Chapters 4 and 5).
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About the Author
David W. Martin is professor and head of the Department of Psychology at North Carolina State University. Previously he was professor and department head at New Mexico State University. He has a bachelor's degree from Hanover College, where he majored in psychology and physics. He also has a master's degree and Ph.D. from The Ohio State University, where he majored in engineering psychology. His teaching interests include experimental methods, introductory psychology, human performance, and attention. He has won teaching awards at both NC State and NMSU. Dr. Martin has published in a number of research journals in the areas of attention, decision making, and memory. He is a member of the American Psychological Association, American Psychological Society, Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, and Psychonomic Society. He has also served as president of the Rocky Mountain Psychological Association. In his leisure hours, Dr. Martin enjoys running, scuba diving, singing, and playing at the beach with his two young sons. For 12 years he raced dirt-track stockcars and was known as "Dangerous David, the Racing Professor".
Table of Contents1. HOW TO MAKE ORDERLY OBSERVATIONS. Psychology as a Science. Quantitative Designs. Qualitative Designs. Quantitative Versus Qualitative Designs. Using Methods in Combination. 2. HOW TO DO EXPERIMENTS. Variables. Threats to Internal Validity. Summary of the Experimental Method. 3. HOW TO GET AN EXPERIMENTAL IDEA. Fearing Experimental Ideas. Observation. Vicarious Observation. Expanding on Your Own Research. Using Theory to Get Ideas. Importance of Psychological Research. 4. HOW TO BE FAIR WITH PARTICIPANTS. Treating Human Participants Fairly. Treating Animals Fairly. 5. HOW TO BE FAIR WITH SCIENCE. Dirty Tricks. Questionable Tricks. Neat Tricks. 6. HOW TO FIND OUT WHAT HAS BEEN DONE. Why Search the Literature? The Timeliness of Sources. Formal Sources. Informal Sources. 7. HOW TO DECIDE WHICH VARIABLES TO MANIPULATE AND MEASURE. Choosing an Independent Variable. Choosing a Dependent Variable. 8. HOW TO DECIDE ON A BETWEEN-SUBJECTS VERSUS WITHIN-SUBJECT DESIGN. Between-Subjects Experiments. Within-Subject Experiments. Matching. 9. HOW TO PLAN SINGLE-VARIABLE, MULTIPLE-VARIABLE, AND CONVERGING SERIES EXPERIMENTS. Single-Variable Experiments. Factorial Designs. Converging Series Designs. 10. HOW TO DESIGN NON-TRADITIONAL RESEARCH. Quasi-Experiments (and Non-Experimental Designs). Single-Subject and Small-N Baseline Designs. Survey Research. 11. HOW TO TELL WHEN YOU ARE READY TO BEGIN. The Have-a-Nice-Day Society. Questions Before You Begin. 12. HOW TO INTERPRET EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS. Plotting Frequency Distributions. Statistics for Describing Distributions. Plotting Relationships between Variables. Describing the Strength of a Relationship. Interpreting Results from Factorial Experiments.Inferential Statistics. Meta-Analysis. Using Computer to Help Interpret Results. 13. HOW TO REPORT EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS. Parts of a Report. Reducing Language Bias. Writing Style. A Sample Report. Presentations at Conferences. EPILOGUE. APPENDICES: A: How to Do Basic Statistics. B: Statistical Tables. Appendix C: Table of Random Numbers. GLOSSARY. REFERENCES. INDEX.
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