Godfrey here counters the traditional definition of drawing as art work on paper, proposing that drawing ``should be defined more by the activity that initiates it rather than by the material it leaves its traces on.'' By this definition the marks left on a fence by a child dragging a stick across it form a drawing, as do black skid marks on a road or the stain of spilled coffee. This is a purposely provocative, argumentative, and paradoxical book, as much concerned with dialectics as it is with art. Godfrey uses examples of over 60 artists, including the conceptual art of Bruce Nauman, life room studies of Kitaj and Hockney, and the work of Twombly and Jasper Johns. Some will see this as a refreshing view of an old art form, though nonspecialists will prefer John Elderfield's The Modern Drawing: 100 Works on Paper from The Museum of Modern Art (The Museum of Modern Art, 1983).-- Daniel J. Lombardo, Jones Lib., Inc., Amherst, Mass.